Vrishala, Vṛṣala: 14 definitions


Vrishala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vṛṣala can be transliterated into English as Vrsala or Vrishala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

The title of Vṛṣala (वृषल, “low-born”) does not apply to one who is so by caste—i.e., the shūdra,—but he who ‘commits the violation’ (alam) of the Bull, ‘vṛṣa,’—i.e., he who showers all blessings;—the particle ‘alam’ denoting violation, perversion. (See the Manubhāṣya verse 8.16)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vrishala in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vṛṣala (वृषल) refers to a “working agriculturist”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.13, “A person rendering service to Brahmins, Kṣatriyas and Vaiśyas is called a Śūdra. A working agriculturist is a Vṛṣala and the others are Dasyus”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vṛṣala (वृषल).—See Śūdra;1 unfit for Pankti feeding.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 31. 89; III. 14. 38.
  • 2) Ib. III. 19. 31; IV. 8. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 78. 29.

1b) Rule with Guruṇḍas (Maruṇḍas, Vāyu-purāṇa); both Mlecchas;1 joined with the Mlecchas;2 to be put down by future Kalki.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 177; Vāyu-purāṇa 58. 88; 99. 363.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 273. 22.
  • 3) Ib. 47. 252; Vāyu-purāṇa 98. 114.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vṛṣala (वृषल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VIII.30.73) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vṛṣala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Vṛṣala (वृषल) refers to one of the five sons of Chāyā and Sṛṣṭi: one of the four sons of Dhruva, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Uttānapāda’s son was Dhruva who achieved the highest place of worshipping Nārāyaṇa. Dhruva had four sons—Sṛṣṭi, Dhanya, Harya and Śaṃbhu; they all were Vaiṣṇavas. Chāyā gave birth to five sons of Sṛṣṭi; they were Ripu, Ripuṃjaya, Vipra, Vṛṣala and Vṛkatejas.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vṛṣala (वृषल).—[vṛṣ kalac]

1) A Śudra.

2) A horse.

3) Garlic.

4) A sinner, wicked or irreligious man; वृषो हि भगवान् धर्मस्तस्य यः कुरुते ह्यलम् । वृषलं तं विदुर्देवास्तस्माद्धर्मं न लोपयेत् (vṛṣo hi bhagavān dharmastasya yaḥ kurute hyalam | vṛṣalaṃ taṃ vidurdevāstasmāddharmaṃ na lopayet) || Manusmṛti 8.16; वृषलो गृञ्जने शूद्रे चन्द्रगुप्ते च राजनि (vṛṣalo gṛñjane śūdre candragupte ca rājani) |

5) An outcast.

6) Name of Chandragupta (particularly used by Chaṇakya, see inter alia Mu. acts 1 and 3).

7) A man of one of the three highest classes who has lost his caste by the omission of prescribed duties.

8) A dancer.

9) An ox.

-lam A long pepper.

Derivable forms: vṛṣalaḥ (वृषलः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛṣala (वृषल).—m.

(-laḥ) 1. A horse. 2. A Sudra, or man of the servile tribe. 3. The sovereign Chandragupta. 4. Garlic. 5. A sinner, a reprobate, a wicked or unrighteous man. f. (-lī) 1. A girl twelve years old, in whom menstruation has commenced, and who is unmarried. 2. A barren woman. 3. A woman during menstruation. 4. The mother of a still-born child. 5. A woman of a low caste. E. vṛṣa a bull, or virtue, &c., and la to take, aff. ka; or vṛṣ to sprinkle, kalac Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛṣala (वृषल).— (from vṛṣ), I. m. 1. A horse. 2. A Śūdra, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 40, 1, cf. 4. 3. A man of the three first classes who, by neglecting his religious duties, has lost his caste. 4. A sinner, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] Pentap. p. 70, v. 73. 5. Garlic. Ii. f. . 1. A Śūdra woman, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 19; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 218 (but cf. Kāśīkh. 40, 93). 2. A woman during menstruation. 3. A barren woman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛṣala (वृषल).—[masculine] little man, low person, [especially] a Śūdra ([feminine] vṛṣalī).

--- OR ---

Vṛṣala (वृषल).—[masculine] little man, low person, [especially] a Śūdra ([feminine] vṛṣalī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vṛṣala (वृषल):—[from vṛṣ] vṛṣala or vṛṣala, m. ([from] vṛṣan) a little or contemptible man, low or mean or wicked fellow (in later language ‘a Śūdra’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a dancer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of king Candra-gupta (who was by birth a Śūdra), [Mudrārākṣasa]

4) [v.s. ...] a horse, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] an ox, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of garlic, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [from vṛṣ] n. long pepper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛṣala (वृषल):—(laḥ) 1. m. A horse; a Sudra; a sinner; garlic. f. Girl of 12 years; a barren, or menstruous, or low woman.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vṛṣala (वृषल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vasula, Vesalaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vrishala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vṛṣala (ವೃಷಲ):—

1) [noun] śudra, a man belonging to the lowest of the four social classes.

2) [noun] a horse.

3) [noun] the strong-smelling bulb of the herb Allium sativum, used as a seasoning food; garlic.

4) [noun] a person who sins or has sinned; a sinner.

5) [noun] a male dancer.

6) [noun] a bull; an ox.

7) [noun] a man who is excommunicated.

8) [noun] a man who, born in an upper class, is execommunicated for adultery, failure to observe the ritualistic customs, etc.

--- OR ---

Vṛṣaḷa (ವೃಷಳ):—[noun] = ವೃಷಲ [vrishala].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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