Viyat: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Viyat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Viyat (वियत्) refers to the “sky”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Śveta Ketu is a comet which appears in the east about midnight with its tail pointing to the south. Ka Ketu is a comet of the shape of a carriage pole and appears in the west. Both the above Ketus are seen simultaneously for 7 days. [...] The Śveta Ketu is of the shape of the twisted hair and of a dull and disagreeable aspect; it travels through a third of the sky [i.e., viyat-tribhāga-gata] and then retraces its steps. When it disappears it leaves only a third of mankind as survivors”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Viyat (वियत्).—Zero. Note: Viyat is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Viyat (वियत्) represents the number 0 (zero) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 0—viyat] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Viyat.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘cypher’. Note: viyat is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viyat (वियत्).—a. Passing away, vanishing; कुटुम्बपोषाय वियन्निजायुर्न बुध्यतेऽर्थं विहतं प्रमत्तः (kuṭumbapoṣāya viyannijāyurna budhyate'rthaṃ vihataṃ pramattaḥ) Bhāgavata 7.6.14;9.21.3. -n. The sky, atmosphere, ether; पश्योदग्रप्लुतत्वाद्वियति बहुतरं स्तोकमुर्व्यां प्रयाति (paśyodagraplutatvādviyati bahutaraṃ stokamurvyāṃ prayāti) Ś.1.7. R.13.4; हंसपङ्क्तिरपि नाथ संप्रति प्रस्थिता वियति मानसं प्रति (haṃsapaṅktirapi nātha saṃprati prasthitā viyati mānasaṃ prati) Ghaṭakarpara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viyat (वियत्).—n. (-yat) Sky, heaven, æther, atmosphere. E. vi privative, yam to refrain or cause, aff. kvip and tuk final.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viyat (वियत्).— (perhaps vi-yam + t), n. Sky, heaven, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 147.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viyat (वियत्).—[Causative] arrange; do penance; vex, harass.

Viyat is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and yat (यत्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viyat (वियत्):—[=vi-yat] 1. vi-√yat [Ātmanepada] -yatate, to dispose in various rows, [Atharva-veda] :

—[Causal] -yātayati, to place in rows, arrange, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā];

—to do penance, [Atharva-veda];

—to torment, pain, punish, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] 2. vi-yat mfn. ([present participle] of vi- √5. i) going apart or asunder, [Ṛg-veda i, 164, 38]

3) [v.s. ...] being dissolved, passing away, vanishing, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] n. the sky, heaven, air, atmosphere ([probably] as ‘that which parts asunder or forms the intermediate region between heaven and earth’), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

5) [v.s. ...] ether (as an element), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of the 10th mansion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

7) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viyat (वियत्):—(t) 5. n. Sky.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Viyat (वियत्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Via.

[Sanskrit to German]

Viyat in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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