Vitihara, Vītihāra: 2 definitions


Vitihara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vitihara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vītihāra : (m.) exchange of steps; a stride; carrying in between.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vītihāra (वीतिहार).—always and only in Mahāvastu (= Pali id., [compound] with pada-) and (in other texts than Mahāvastu) vyatihāra, m., (1) [compound] with pada-or krama(tala)-, a setting down of the foot, footstep: pada-°reṇa ṛddhīye yena śuddhāvāsaṃ devanikāyaṃ tena prakrāmi Mahāvastu i.35.2, with one step went by magic…; ekakṣaṇena pada-°hāreṇa rājagṛhād vaihā- yasam abhyudgamya Mahāvastu i.55.2; Padumāvatīye pada- °hārāṇām ubhayato padumāni…Mahāvastu iii.162.6, lotuses (appeared) in the footprints of both the feet of P.; hastapāda- parityāgena mahāpratiṣṭhāna-kramatala-°hāreṇa Śikṣāsamuccaya 24.6, (a Bodhisattva) by sacrificing his hands and feet (to suppli- ants, and so) with the step of the soles of his feet on a firm foundation; yo dharmaśravaṇahetuko vā dharmadeśanā- hetuko vāntaśa ekakrama-°hāro 'ntaśa eka-ucchvāsa- praśvāso vā Śikṣāsamuccaya 42.4, whatever (motion), be it only a single footstep or a single breath, is motivated towards hearing or preaching the Doctrine; ekakrama-°hāraṃ vātikramya vācaṃ bhāṣate Śikṣāsamuccaya 173.17, or who, stepping a single footstep (i.e. at every step), pronounces the words (Homage to that Buddha); (ekaikena ca cittotpādena…-paramāṇu- rajaḥsamān) pada-°hārān (1st ed. corruptly °vyativyā- hārān, 2d ed. °vyavahārān) kramāmi, ekaikena ca pada- °hāreṇa (text °vyavahāreṇa)…-paramāṇurajaḥsamāni buddhakṣetrāṇy atikramāmi Gaṇḍavyūha 217.13, with each thought I step innumerable footsteps, and with each footstep I pass…; (2) passage (of time), only in composition with kṣaṇa (-°hāreṇa), in the passage of a single instant: bodhisattvā ekakṣaṇa-°hāreṇāprameya…buddhān paśyanti (21.3 satkurvanti) Sukhāvatīvyūha 20.8; 21.3; ekena (mss., Senart em. ettakena, but compare Sukhāvatīvyūha) kṣaṇa-°hāreṇa Mahāvastu i.55.14; to be sure ettakena is read in the mss. in the same phrase Mahāvastu i.56.9; iii.425.16, 22; 450.16, and it can be interpreted, see ettaka.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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