Vitasti; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vitasti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vitasti in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vitasti (वितस्ति): A unit of measurement of distance, according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (वायु पुराण). The following table gives some idea about their relations to each other:

8 Aṅgulas = Prādeśa (?);
21 Aṅgulas = Ratni;
24 Aṅgulas = Hasta;
2000 Dhanus = Gavyūti;
12 Aṅgulas = Vitasti;
2 Ratnis or 42 Aṅgulas = Kiṣku;
4 hastas = Dhanus;
8000 Dhanus = Yojana.
Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Vitasti (वितस्ति).—A measurement by the little finger, 12 aṅgulas;1 in connection with gṛhabalikuṇḍam.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 58. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 104; 101. 122; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 98.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 93. 7.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Vitasti (वितस्ति, “span”) is the Sanskrit name for a unit of measurement, used in Vāstuśāstra literature, according to the Mānasāra II.40-53. A single Vitasti unit corresponds to 12 Aṅgula units. It takes 2 Vitasti units to make a single Kiṣku unit.

Below follows a table of the different units of measurement in relation to one another:

  • 8 Paramāṇu = 1 Rathadhūli, chariot-dust
  • 8 Rathadhūli = 1 Vālāgra, hair-end
  • 8 Vālāgra = 1 Likṣā, nit,
  • 8 Likṣā = 1 Yūka, louse
  • 8 Yūka = 1 Yava, barley-corn,
  • 8 Yava = 1 Aṅgula, digit (finger-breadth),
  • 12 Aṅgula = 1 Vitasti, span,
  • 2 Vitasti (24 aṅgulas) = 1 Kiṣku, cubit,
  • 4 Dhanurmuṣṭi (26 aṅgulas) = 1 Daṇḍa, rod,
  • 8 Daṇḍa = 1 Rajju, rope

The smallest unit, which is paramāṇu, atom is stated ta be perceived (only) by the sages. For all practical purposes, aṅgula is the smallest unit of measurement. For this reason, it is seen to be treated in a special way in the text with regards to its universality that significantly downplays its semantic reference to the body.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Vitasti (वितस्ति) refers to the “distance between the tips of the stretched out thumb and ring finger” and represents a type of measurement, as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Besides the smaller units known as dehāṅgula there are other larger relative units of length, which are called prādeśa, tāla, vitasti and gokarṇa. The distance between the tips of the stretched out thumb and ring finger is vitasti.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Vitasti; ancient Hindu unit of measurement of distance. 12 Aṅgulas make a single Vitasti and thus, 64000 Vitastis make up for a single Yojana.

If we consider a single Yojana to be 8 miles (~12.87km), one Vitasti would correspond to roughly 7.95 inches (~20.12cm)

If we consider a single Yojana to be 5 miles (~8.04km), one Vitasti would correspond to roughly 4.95 inc (~12.57cm)

A Tāla or a Mukha is another name for a measurement of distance which measures the same as a Vitasti.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Vitasti in Marathi glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vitasti (वितस्ति).—m S A long span,--the measure of the thumb and little finger extended.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vitasti (वितस्ति).—[vau taseḥ tiḥ Uṇ.4.189] A measure of length equal to 12 aṅgulas (being the distance between the extended thumb and the little finger); तेनेदमावृतं विश्वं वितस्तिमधितिष्ठति (tenedamāvṛtaṃ viśvaṃ vitastimadhitiṣṭhati) Bhāg.2.6.16.

Derivable forms: vitastiḥ (वितस्तिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vitasti (वितस्ति).—f.

(-stiḥ) A long span measured by the extended thumb and little finger, considered equal to twelve fingers. E. vi apart, tas to throw, Unadi aff. ktic .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 36 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Angula
Aṅgula (अङ्गुल).—m. (-laḥ) 1. The thumb. 2. A finger. 3. A measure of eight barley corns. 4. Th...
Danda
Daṇḍa (दण्ड).—mn. (-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) A stick, a staff. m. (-ṇḍaḥ) 1. Punishment, castigation, amercem...
Paramanu
Paramāṇu (परमाणु) refers to “atomic size” and represents a type of absolute measurement, as def...
Yava
Yava (यव) refers to the “size of a barley grain” and represents a type of absolute measurement,...
Pradesha
Prādeśa (प्रादेश) refers to the “distance between the tips of the thumb and the middle finger” ...
Kishku
Kiṣku (किष्कु).—mfn. (-ṣkuḥ-ṣkuḥ-ṣku) Vile, bad, contemptible. mf. (-ṣkuḥ) 1. A cubit. 2. A spa...
Rajju
Rajju (रज्जु).—m. (-jjuḥ) 1. A rope, a cord, a tie, a string. 2. A lock of braided hair. 3. A s...
Tala
Tala (तल).—n. (-laṃ) 1. Essential nature, (in composition especially, as mahītalaṃ the earth it...
Hasta
Hasta (हस्त).—m. (-staḥ) 1. The hand. 2. An elephant’s trunk. 3. The thirteenth lunar asterism,...
Vitasta
Vitastā (वितस्ता).—f. (-stā) Name of a river in the Punjab, known to the Greeks as the Hydaspes...
Gokarna
Gokarṇa (गोकर्ण) lit. ‘cow’s ear’ is the name of a sacred place mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa-māh...
Sthanaka
Sthānaka (स्थानक) refers to one of the nine maṇḍala (postures of the feet) which represents one...
Yoni
Yoni (योनि) refers to a specific part of the kuṇḍas “fire-pit” described in the twenty-fifth ch...
Liksha
Likṣā (लिक्षा).—f. (-kṣā) 1. A nit, a young louse, or the egg of a louse. 2. A poppy seed consi...
Samapada
Samapāda (समपाद) is one of the six divisions of sthānaka, one of the nine maṇḍala (postures of ...

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