Vitasti; 8 Definition(s)
Vitasti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Vitasti (वितस्ति): A unit of measurement of distance, according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (वायु पुराण). The following table gives some idea about their relations to each other:
8 Aṅgulas = Prādeśa (?);
21 Aṅgulas = Ratni;
24 Aṅgulas = Hasta;
2000 Dhanus = Gavyūti;
12 Aṅgulas = Vitasti;
2 Ratnis or 42 Aṅgulas = Kiṣku;
4 hastas = Dhanus;
8000 Dhanus = Yojana.
- 1) Matsya-purāṇa 58. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 104; 101. 122; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 98.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 93. 7.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vitasti (वितस्ति, “span”) is the Sanskrit name for a unit of measurement, used in Vāstuśāstra literature, according to the Mānasāra II.40-53. A single Vitasti unit corresponds to 12 Aṅgula units. It takes 2 Vitasti units to make a single Kiṣku unit.
Below follows a table of the different units of measurement in relation to one another:
- 8 Paramāṇu = 1 Rathadhūli, chariot-dust
- 8 Rathadhūli = 1 Vālāgra, hair-end
- 8 Vālāgra = 1 Likṣā, nit,
- 8 Likṣā = 1 Yūka, louse
- 8 Yūka = 1 Yava, barley-corn,
- 8 Yava = 1 Aṅgula, digit (finger-breadth),
- 12 Aṅgula = 1 Vitasti, span,
- 2 Vitasti (24 aṅgulas) = 1 Kiṣku, cubit,
- 4 Dhanurmuṣṭi (26 aṅgulas) = 1 Daṇḍa, rod,
- 8 Daṇḍa = 1 Rajju, rope
The smallest unit, which is paramāṇu, atom is stated ta be perceived (only) by the sages. For all practical purposes, aṅgula is the smallest unit of measurement. For this reason, it is seen to be treated in a special way in the text with regards to its universality that significantly downplays its semantic reference to the body.Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Vitasti (वितस्ति) refers to the “distance between the tips of the stretched out thumb and ring finger” and represents a type of measurement, as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Besides the smaller units known as dehāṅgula there are other larger relative units of length, which are called prādeśa, tāla, vitasti and gokarṇa. The distance between the tips of the stretched out thumb and ring finger is vitasti.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Vitasti; ancient Hindu unit of measurement of distance. 12 Aṅgulas make a single Vitasti and thus, 64000 Vitastis make up for a single Yojana.
If we consider a single Yojana to be 8 miles (~12.87km), one Vitasti would correspond to roughly 7.95 inches (~20.12cm)
If we consider a single Yojana to be 5 miles (~8.04km), one Vitasti would correspond to roughly 4.95 inc (~12.57cm)
A Tāla or a Mukha is another name for a measurement of distance which measures the same as a Vitasti.Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
vitasti (वितस्ति).—m S A long span,--the measure of the thumb and little finger extended.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Vitasti (वितस्ति).—[vau taseḥ tiḥ Uṇ.4.189] A measure of length equal to 12 aṅgulas (being the distance between the extended thumb and the little finger); तेनेदमावृतं विश्वं वितस्तिमधितिष्ठति (tenedamāvṛtaṃ viśvaṃ vitastimadhitiṣṭhati) Bhāg.2.6.16.
Derivable forms: vitastiḥ (वितस्तिः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-stiḥ) A long span measured by the extended thumb and little finger, considered equal to twelve fingers. E. vi apart, tas to throw, Unadi aff. ktic .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 36 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Aṅgula (अङ्गुल).—m. (-laḥ) 1. The thumb. 2. A finger. 3. A measure of eight barley corns. 4. Th...
Daṇḍa (दण्ड).—mn. (-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) A stick, a staff. m. (-ṇḍaḥ) 1. Punishment, castigation, amercem...
Paramāṇu (परमाणु) refers to “atomic size” and represents a type of absolute measurement, as def...
Yava (यव) refers to the “size of a barley grain” and represents a type of absolute measurement,...
Prādeśa (प्रादेश) refers to the “distance between the tips of the thumb and the middle finger” ...
Kiṣku (किष्कु).—mfn. (-ṣkuḥ-ṣkuḥ-ṣku) Vile, bad, contemptible. mf. (-ṣkuḥ) 1. A cubit. 2. A spa...
Rajju (रज्जु).—m. (-jjuḥ) 1. A rope, a cord, a tie, a string. 2. A lock of braided hair. 3. A s...
Tala (तल).—n. (-laṃ) 1. Essential nature, (in composition especially, as mahītalaṃ the earth it...
Hasta (हस्त).—m. (-staḥ) 1. The hand. 2. An elephant’s trunk. 3. The thirteenth lunar asterism,...
Vitastā (वितस्ता).—f. (-stā) Name of a river in the Punjab, known to the Greeks as the Hydaspes...
Gokarṇa (गोकर्ण) lit. ‘cow’s ear’ is the name of a sacred place mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa-māh...
Sthānaka (स्थानक) refers to one of the nine maṇḍala (postures of the feet) which represents one...
Yoni (योनि) refers to a specific part of the kuṇḍas “fire-pit” described in the twenty-fifth ch...
Likṣā (लिक्षा).—f. (-kṣā) 1. A nit, a young louse, or the egg of a louse. 2. A poppy seed consi...
Samapāda (समपाद) is one of the six divisions of sthānaka, one of the nine maṇḍala (postures of ...
Search found 14 books and stories containing Vitasti. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (by Āśvalāyana)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)