Vita, aka: Vīta, Vīṭā; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vita (वित) refers to a “parasite” of a dramatic play (nāṭya), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, “possessing all the qualities which the director (sūtradhāra) is to have with regard to the theatrical production, the parasite (viṭa) should be an expert in dealing with courtezans, sweet in his words, impartial, poetic, proficient in the meaning of the Śāstras and in the knowledge of courtezans, capable seeing the positive and the negative side of any argument, and eloquent and clever”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vīṭā (वीटा).—A ball made of wood. The Kaurava boys played with this ball and by accident the Vīṭā fell in a well. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 130, Stanza 17, that the teacher Droṇa recovered it from the well by shooting a number of arrows, one upon the tail of another.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

vīta : (pp. of vināti) woven. (pp. of ?), free from; being without.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Vīta, 2 (pp. of vāyati1, or vināti) woven Vin. III, 259 (su°). (Page 643)

2) Vīta, 1 (adj.) (vi+ita, pp. of i) deprived of, free from, (being) without. In meaning and use cp. vigata°. Very frequent as first part of a cpd. as e.g. the foll. :

—accika without a flame, i.e. glowing, aglow (of cinders), usually combd with °dhūma “without smoke” M. I, 365; S. II, 99 (so read for vītacchika)=IV. 188=M. I, 74; D. II, 134; J. I, 15, 153; III, 447; V, 135; DhA. II, 68; Vism. 301. —iccha free from desire J. II, 258. —gedha without greed Sn. 210, 860, 1100; Nd1 250; Nd2 606. —taṇha without craving Sn. 83, 741, 849, 1041, 1060; Nd1 211; Nd2 607. —tapo without heat J. II, 450.—(d)dara fearless Th. 1, 525; Dh. 385. —dosa without anger Sn. 12. —macchara without envy, unselfish Sn. 954; Nd1 444; J. V, 398; Pv III, 115. —mada not conceited So 328, cp. A. II, 120. —mala stainless (cp. vimala) S. IV, 47, 107; DA. I, 237; Miln. 16. —moha without bewilderment Sn. 13. I have to remark that the reading vīta° seems to be well established. It occurs very frequently in the Apadāna. Should we take it in meaning of “excessive”? And are we confronted with an attribute of osadhi, the morning star, which points to Babylonian influence (star of the East)? As it occurs in the Vatthugāthās of the Pārāyanavagga, this does not seem improbable. —raṃsi rayless (?) Sn. 1016 (said of the sun; the expression is not clear. One MS. of Nd2 at this passage reads pīta°, i.e. with yellow, i.e. golden, rays; which is to be preferred). Cp. note in Index to SnA. —rāga passionless Sn. 11, 507, 1071; Pug. 32; Pv. II, 47; Miln. 76, and frequently elsewhere. —lobha without greed Sn. 10, 469, 494. —vaṇṇa colourless Sn. 1120. —salla without a sting S. IV, 64. —sārada not fresh, not unexperienced, i.e. wise It. 123. (Page 643)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

viṭa (विट).—m S A paramour: also a rake, lecher, or libertine generally. 2 A catamite.

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viṭā (विटा).—m A sort of spear. See iṭā.

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vīṭa (वीट).—m (viṭaṇēṃ) Disgust, loathing, nausea. 2 Blight. 3 Disgrace or dishonoredness; subjection to ridicule, reviling, or other ignominious treatment: also marred, blasted, spoiled, ruined state (of counsels, affairs, things).

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vīṭa (वीट).—m A sort of spear. See iṭā.

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vīṭa (वीट).—f (Better īṭa, being from iṣṭikā S) A brick.

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vīta (वीत).—f (vitasti S) A large span,--the measure of the thumb and little finger extended. āpalyāpuratī or āpalyābhōṃvatī vīta kāḍhaṇēṃ To take care of one's precious self (in a season of danger); to look out to save one's own bacon: (without reference to the safety of others.) vīta kāḍhaṇēṃ (In burning a piece of ground in preparation for the seed.) To make a break or gap (by uprooting the grass &c.) between the portion of ground to be burned and the rest; to prevent the fire from spreading.

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vīta (वीत).—n Commonly vēta n q. v. Littering &c.: also the litter or birth.

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vīta (वीत).—p S Gone, departed. Some compounds are vītakalmaṣa Whose sinfulness or moral foulness is gone; vītakāma, vītakrōdha, vītalōbha, vītamōha &c.; vītadambha, vītabhaya, vītaśaṅka, vītaśōka, vītaspṛha &c. Of extinct lust or desire, anger, concupiscence, affection, pride &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vīṭa (वीट).—m Disgust. Blight. Disgrace. f A brick.

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vīta (वीत).—f A large span. n The birth. p Depart- ed, as vītarāga Free from attachment.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viṭa (विट).—[viṭ-ka]

1) A paramour; त्वद्वत्सलः क्व स तपस्विजनस्य हन्ता कन्याविटः पतिरसौ परिरक्षतु त्वाम् (tvadvatsalaḥ kva sa tapasvijanasya hantā kanyāviṭaḥ patirasau parirakṣatu tvām) Māl.8.8; Śi.4.48.

2) A voluptuary, sensualist; प्रतिक्षणं नव्यवदच्युतस्य यत् स्त्रिया विटानामिव साधुवार्ता (pratikṣaṇaṃ navyavadacyutasya yat striyā viṭānāmiva sādhuvārtā) Bhāg.1.13.2.

3) (In dramas) The companion of a prince or dissolute young man, or of a courtezan (who is described as being skilled in the arts of singing, music, and poetry and as a parasite on familiar terms with his associate to whom he nearly serves the purpose of the Vidūṣaka; see inter alia Mk. acts 1, 5 and 8); for definition, see S. D.78; अन्येभ्यश्च वसन्ति येऽस्य भवने लब्धप्रसादा विटाः (anyebhyaśca vasanti ye'sya bhavane labdhaprasādā viṭāḥ) Mu.3.14.

4) A rogue, cheat.

5) A catamite.

6) A rat.

7) The Khadira tree.

8) The orange tree.

9) A branch together with its shoot.

1) A mineral salt.

Derivable forms: viṭaḥ (विटः).

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Vīṭā (वीटा).—

1) A small piece of wood (about a span long struck with a stick or bat in a game played by boys (called in Marāthī viṭīdāṃḍūcā kheḷa); क्रीडन्तो वीटया तत्र वीराः पर्यचरन्मुदा । पपात कूपे सा वीटा तेषां वै क्रीडतां तदा (krīḍanto vīṭayā tatra vīrāḥ paryacaranmudā | papāta kūpe sā vīṭā teṣāṃ vai krīḍatāṃ tadā) || Mb.1.131. 17.

2) A kind of metal or stone ball (held in the mouth as a form of penance); इत्येवं ब्रुवतस्तस्य जटी वीटा- मुखः कृशः (ityevaṃ bruvatastasya jaṭī vīṭā- mukhaḥ kṛśaḥ) Mb.15.26.18.

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Vīta (वीत).—p. p. [vi° i-kta]

1) Gone, disappeared.

2) Gone away, departed.

3) Let go, loosed, set free.

4) Excepted, exempt.

5) Approved, liked.

6) Unfit for war.

7) Tame, quiet.

8) Freed from, devoid of (mostly in comp.); वीतचिन्त, वीतस्पृह, वीतभी, वीतशङ्क (vītacinta, vītaspṛha, vītabhī, vītaśaṅka) &c.

9) Desired, wished for.

1) Put on or worn; शुचिवल्कवीततनुः (śucivalkavītatanuḥ) Ki.6. 31.

-taḥ An elephant or horse unfit or untrained for war.

-tam Pricking (an elephant) with the goad and striking with the legs; वीतवीतभया नागाः (vītavītabhayā nāgāḥ) Ku. 6.39 v. l. (see Malli. thereon); निर्धूतवीतमपि बालकमुल्ललन्तम् (nirdhūtavītamapi bālakamullalantam) Śi.5. 47.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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