Vita, Vīta, Vīṭā, Vitā: 18 definitions


Vita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vita (वित) refers to a “parasite” of a dramatic play (nāṭya), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, “possessing all the qualities which the director (sūtradhāra) is to have with regard to the theatrical production, the parasite (viṭa) should be an expert in dealing with courtezans, sweet in his words, impartial, poetic, proficient in the meaning of the Śāstras and in the knowledge of courtezans, capable seeing the positive and the negative side of any argument, and eloquent and clever”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vīṭā (वीटा).—A ball made of wood. The Kaurava boys played with this ball and by accident the Vīṭā fell in a well. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 130, Stanza 17, that the teacher Droṇa recovered it from the well by shooting a number of arrows, one upon the tail of another.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vīta (वीत) refers to “being free from (confusion)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “When I, for whom confusion has gone (vīta-vibhrama), am the one who has attained solitariness, then certainly the bondage of life is destroyed merely of its own accord”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Vita in India is the name of a plant defined with Acacia farnesiana in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Mimosa acicularis Poir. (among others).

2) Vita is also identified with Butea monosperma It has the synonym Rudolphia frondosa Poir. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Darwiniana (1998)
· A Numerical List of Dried Specimens (5569)
· Sylva Telluriana (1838)
· Journal of Tree Sciences (1983)
· Legum. Agric. Boliv. (1996)
· Species Plantarum (1753)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Vita, for example chemical composition, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, extract dosage, side effects, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vīta : (pp. of vināti) woven. (pp. of ?), free from; being without.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Vīta, 2 (pp. of vāyati1, or vināti) woven Vin. III, 259 (su°). (Page 643)

2) Vīta, 1 (adj.) (vi+ita, pp. of i) deprived of, free from, (being) without. In meaning and use cp. vigata°. Very frequent as first part of a cpd. as e.g. the foll. :

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viṭa (विट).—m S A paramour: also a rake, lecher, or libertine generally. 2 A catamite.

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viṭā (विटा).—m A sort of spear. See iṭā.

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vīṭa (वीट).—m (viṭaṇēṃ) Disgust, loathing, nausea. 2 Blight. 3 Disgrace or dishonoredness; subjection to ridicule, reviling, or other ignominious treatment: also marred, blasted, spoiled, ruined state (of counsels, affairs, things).

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vīṭa (वीट).—m A sort of spear. See iṭā.

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vīṭa (वीट).—f (Better īṭa, being from iṣṭikā S) A brick.

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vīta (वीत).—f (vitasti S) A large span,--the measure of the thumb and little finger extended. āpalyāpuratī or āpalyābhōṃvatī vīta kāḍhaṇēṃ To take care of one's precious self (in a season of danger); to look out to save one's own bacon: (without reference to the safety of others.) vīta kāḍhaṇēṃ (In burning a piece of ground in preparation for the seed.) To make a break or gap (by uprooting the grass &c.) between the portion of ground to be burned and the rest; to prevent the fire from spreading.

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vīta (वीत).—n Commonly vēta n q. v. Littering &c.: also the litter or birth.

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vīta (वीत).—p S Gone, departed. Some compounds are vītakalmaṣa Whose sinfulness or moral foulness is gone; vītakāma, vītakrōdha, vītalōbha, vītamōha &c.; vītadambha, vītabhaya, vītaśaṅka, vītaśōka, vītaspṛha &c. Of extinct lust or desire, anger, concupiscence, affection, pride &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vīṭa (वीट).—m Disgust. Blight. Disgrace. f A brick.

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vīta (वीत).—f A large span. n The birth. p Depart- ed, as vītarāga Free from attachment.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viṭa (विट).—[viṭ-ka]

1) A paramour; त्वद्वत्सलः क्व स तपस्विजनस्य हन्ता कन्याविटः पतिरसौ परिरक्षतु त्वाम् (tvadvatsalaḥ kva sa tapasvijanasya hantā kanyāviṭaḥ patirasau parirakṣatu tvām) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 8.8; Śiśupālavadha 4.48.

2) A voluptuary, sensualist; प्रतिक्षणं नव्यवदच्युतस्य यत् स्त्रिया विटानामिव साधुवार्ता (pratikṣaṇaṃ navyavadacyutasya yat striyā viṭānāmiva sādhuvārtā) Bhāgavata 1.13.2.

3) (In dramas) The companion of a prince or dissolute young man, or of a courtezan (who is described as being skilled in the arts of singing, music, and poetry and as a parasite on familiar terms with his associate to whom he nearly serves the purpose of the Vidūṣaka; see inter alia Mk. acts 1, 5 and 8); for definition, see S. D.78; अन्येभ्यश्च वसन्ति येऽस्य भवने लब्धप्रसादा विटाः (anyebhyaśca vasanti ye'sya bhavane labdhaprasādā viṭāḥ) Mu.3.14.

4) A rogue, cheat.

5) A catamite.

6) A rat.

7) The Khadira tree.

8) The orange tree.

9) A branch together with its shoot.

1) A mineral salt.

Derivable forms: viṭaḥ (विटः).

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Vīṭā (वीटा).—

1) A small piece of wood (about a span long struck with a stick or bat in a game played by boys (called in Marāthī viṭīdāṃḍūcā kheḷa); क्रीडन्तो वीटया तत्र वीराः पर्यचरन्मुदा । पपात कूपे सा वीटा तेषां वै क्रीडतां तदा (krīḍanto vīṭayā tatra vīrāḥ paryacaranmudā | papāta kūpe sā vīṭā teṣāṃ vai krīḍatāṃ tadā) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.131. 17.

2) A kind of metal or stone ball (held in the mouth as a form of penance); इत्येवं ब्रुवतस्तस्य जटी वीटा- मुखः कृशः (ityevaṃ bruvatastasya jaṭī vīṭā- mukhaḥ kṛśaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 15.26.18.

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Vīta (वीत).—p. p. [vi° i-kta]

1) Gone, disappeared.

2) Gone away, departed.

3) Let go, loosed, set free.

4) Excepted, exempt.

5) Approved, liked.

6) Unfit for war.

7) Tame, quiet.

8) Freed from, devoid of (mostly in comp.); वीतचिन्त, वीतस्पृह, वीतभी, वीतशङ्क (vītacinta, vītaspṛha, vītabhī, vītaśaṅka) &c.

9) Desired, wished for.

1) Put on or worn; शुचिवल्कवीततनुः (śucivalkavītatanuḥ) Kirātārjunīya 6. 31.

-taḥ An elephant or horse unfit or untrained for war.

-tam Pricking (an elephant) with the goad and striking with the legs; वीतवीतभया नागाः (vītavītabhayā nāgāḥ) Ku. 6.39 v. l. (see Malli. thereon); निर्धूतवीतमपि बालकमुल्ललन्तम् (nirdhūtavītamapi bālakamullalantam) Śiśupālavadha 5. 47.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṭa (विट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) 1. A catamite, a pathic. 2. A rogue, a cheat. 3. An attendant on a dissolute character or courtezan, he is represented as on familiar terms with his associate and accomplished in the arts of singing and poetry. 4. A paramour, a gallant. 5. A mountain. 6. The Khayer-tree, (Mimosa catechu.) 7. A medicinal salt: see viḍlavaṇa. 8. A rat. 9. The orange tree. 10. A branch and its shoot. E. viṭ to sound, aff. ka .

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Vīṭā (वीटा).—f.

(-ṭā) A small piece of wood struck with a stick in kind of game played by boys.

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Vīta (वीत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Gone, departed. 2. Exempt or freed from. 3. Loosed, let go, unbound. 4. Tranquil, quiet, tame. 5. Excepted. 6. Approved, liked, accepted. 7. Unfit for war. m.

(-taḥ) 1. A horse or elephant, untrained to or unfit for war. 2. Goading an elephant. E. to go, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṭa (विट).—m. 1. A catamite, a pathic, a voluptuary, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 180, 13; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 49. 2. A paramour, [Pañcatantra] 186, 1. 3. An attendant on a dissolute character or courtezan, a bawd, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 57. 4. A rogue, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 202; 351. 5. A rat. 6. A branch and its shoot. 7. The orange tree. 8. The name of a mountain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṭa (विट).—[masculine] boon-companion; bon-vivant ([drama]).

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Vīṭā (वीटा).—[feminine] a small round pebble.

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Vīta (वीत).—1. [adjective] straight, even; wished for, desired, [neuter] wish, desire.

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Vīta (वीत).—2. [adjective] gone, ceased (—°).

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Vīta (वीत).—3. [adjective] hidden, concealed; covered in, girt with ([instrumental]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viṭa (विट):—[from viṭ] m. (derivation doubtful) a voluptuary, sensualist, bon-vivant, boon-companion, rogue, knave, [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc. (in the drama, [especially] in the Mṛcchakaṭikā, he is the companion of a dissolute prince and resembles in some respects the Vidūṣaka, being generally represented as a parasite on familiar terms with his associate, but at the same time accomplished in the arts of poetry, music, and singing; ifc. a term of reproach [gana] khasūcy-ādi, [Gaṇaratna-mahodadhi; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] also ‘the keeper of a prostitute; a catamite; a mouse; Acacia Catechu; the orange tree; a kind of salt; = prāñcalloha [?]; = viṭapa Name of a mountain’)

2) [v.s. ...] n. a house, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

3) Vīta (वीत):—[from ] 1. vīta mfn. gone, approached etc.

4) [v.s. ...] desired, liked, loved, pleasant, [Ṛg-veda; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

5) [v.s. ...] straight, smooth, [Ṛg-veda iv, 2, 11; ix, 97, 17]

6) [v.s. ...] trained, quiet, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

7) Vītā (वीता):—[from vīta > vī] f. a line, row (= rāji), [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

8) Vīta (वीत):—[from ] n. a wish, desire, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka]

9) [v.s. ...] the driving or guiding of an elephant (with a goad) etc., [Śiśupāla-vadha v, 47.]

10) [from ] 2. vīta mfn. gone away, departed, disappeared, vanished, lost (often [in the beginning of a compound] = free or exempt from, without, -less), [Upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

11) [from ] 3. vīta mfn. covered, hidden, concealed, [Ṛg-veda] (cf. kṛtsna-v)

12) [v.s. ...] covered or wrapped in, girt with ([instrumental case]), [ib.; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

13) Vīṭa (वीट):—n. (only in [Siddhānta-kaumudī]) or vīṭā f. a small piece of wood shaped like a barley-corn and about a span long (it was struck with a stick or bat in a kind of game, like tip-cat, played by boys; [according to] to some it was a kind of metal ball; others say it was held in the mouth as a form of penance), [Mahābhārata i, 5050] ([Scholiast or Commentator]) etc.

14) Vīta (वीत):—4. vīta mfn. ([probably] [from] √vai; for 1. 2. 3. vīta See under √1. 3. 4. ) worn out, useless, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) n. a useless horse or elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [from vye] a See 3. vīta, p. 1004, col. 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viṭa (विट):—(ṭaḥ) 1. m. A catamite; a rogue; a mountain; Mimosa catechu; medicinal salt; rat; orange tree; a branch.

2) Vīta (वीत):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ)] 1. n. A horse or elephant untrained for war; goading an elephant. a. Tranquil, tame; loosed; departed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Viṭa (विट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Viḍa, Vīa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vīta (वीत):——an adjectival prefix used to impart the sense of past/finished/left off /beyond/ended/freed from/without etc.; ~[kalmaṣa] freed from sin; ~[kāma] who has no longing/desire, calm, tranquil; ~[ciṃta] having no worries, freed from anxieties; ~[janma] not subject to birth; ~[jarā] not subject to senility, ever-young; ~[daṃbha] beyond conceit, who has no vanity left; ~[bhaya/bhiti] fearless; dauntless; intrepid; ~[moha] freed from illusion/worldly attachments; ~[rāga] freed from passions or affections; dispassionate; hence ~[rāgatā] (nf); ~[śoka] freed from sorrow/gloom; ~[spṛha] freed from wish or desire, having no longing.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viṭa (ವಿಟ):—

1) [noun] a man, who leads an unrestrained, sexually immoral life; a rake; a libertine.

2) [noun] a lover of a woman who is not married to him; a paramour.

3) [noun] a character, as a friend or companion, who accompanies the hero of a play, and who advises him in matters of love.

4) [noun] a cheat; a fraud; a deceiver.

5) [noun] a kind of mineral salt.

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Vīta (ವೀತ):—

1) [adjective] gone; moved away; departed.

2) [adjective] left; abandoned; relinquished.

3) [adjective] released; discharged; let or left free; freed.

4) [adjective] move close (to); approaching or approached.

5) [adjective] accepted; consented.

6) [adjective] desired; liked; loved.

7) [adjective] mild; manageable; docile; compliant; tractable.

8) [adjective] wearing or worn (as a dress ornament).

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Vīta (ವೀತ):—

1) [noun] a horse or elephant that is not trained for military purposes.

2) [noun] a spike attached to the foot of a rider of a horse or elephant, for goading the animal.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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