Vishranti, Viśrānti, Vishramti: 15 definitions


Vishranti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Viśrānti can be transliterated into English as Visranti or Vishranti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vishranti in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Viśrānti (विश्रान्ति, “reabsorption”) (Cf. Svarūpaviśrānti) refers to “assimilating (the perceptive experience)” and represents the final of the four moments in the act of perception, according to Dupuche (2003:59-60). Accordingly, “consciousness emits the object [i.e., udyoga—‘exertion’]. The second stage is avabhāsa, the manifestation of reality. The third is the absorption, the relishing or savouring (carvaṇa) of reality. The final stage is dissolution when reality is reabsorbed in its every aspect (viśrānti) of subjectivity. For example, ... at first there is will to perceive a jar (udyoga), then there is actual perception of the jar (avabhāsa), relishing of the perceptive experience (carvaṇa), and finally assimilating the perceptive experience of the jar to the essential nature of the Self”.

Note: In one place, the Mahānayaprakāśa (by unknown author) verse 3.1 lists these four as 1) udaya—‘arising’, 2) avabhāsa —‘manifestation’. 3) kālagrāsa—‘assimilation of time (into non-temporal consciousness)’. 4) svarūpaviśrānti—‘repose in one’s own nature’.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (vaishnavism)

Viśrānti (विश्रान्ति) refers to “resting”, according to the Vedānta Deśika’s Yatirājasaptati.—When we come to the poem’s understanding of the divinity of Rāmānuja we find a wide spectrum of meanings. [...] Verse 28 is particularly eloquent in describing and encapsulating all his nurturing and protecting qualities, which are compared to those present everywhere in nature itself—as the mountain from which originate all the streams of knowledge, the tree under which the weary traveler wandering in saṃsāra takes rest (viśrānti), the rising sun that keeps the illusionary darkness of those with distorted views at bay and the full moon that brings to high tide the ocean of the Vedas.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vishranti in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Viśrānti (विश्रान्ति) refers to “cessation” (of the mind), according to the Yogatārāvalī.—Accordingly, [while describing yoganidrā]: “[...] [This] Yogic sleep, whose extraordinary happiness [arises] from ceaseless practice, blossoms in the Yogin whose roots of intentional and volitional thought have been cut off and whose network of Karma has been completely rooted out. Having mastered cessation (viśrānti) [of the mind] in the fourth state which is superior to the three states beginning with the mundane, O friend, forever enter that special thoughtless sleep full of [pure] consciousness”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishranti in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viśrānti (विश्रांति).—f (S) pop. viśrānta f Rest, repose, cessation from toil or occupation. 2 Refreshment or relief (after labor or work); recreation or diversion: used also of the occupation or object affording it. 3 (Jocosely.) Absence of employment; undesired relaxation or vacancy. vi0 asaṇēṃ g. of s. To find rest, to rest. Ex. mājhyā āśāñcī vi0 tumhāvara āhē All my hopes rest on you.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

viśrānti (विश्रांति) [-ta, -त].—f Rest; relief. Recreation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishranti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viśrānti (विश्रान्ति).—f.

1) Rest, repose.

2) Cessation, stop.

Derivable forms: viśrāntiḥ (विश्रान्तिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśrānti (विश्रान्ति).—f.

(-ntiḥ) Rest, repose, cessation from toil or occupation. E. vi before śram to be weary, aff. ktin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśrānti (विश्रान्ति).—i. e. vi-śram + ti, f. Rest, repose, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 20; [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 22, 104 (rates

— vāsaveśmeva viśrāntyai

— āvayor abhavat, literally, It was for us like the sleeping-room of the goddess of love for reposing in).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśrānti (विश्रान्ति).—[feminine] rest, repose, cessation, end.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśrānti (विश्रान्ति):—[=vi-śrānti] [from vi-śram] f. rest, repose, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] abatement, cessation, coming to an end, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Tīrtha, [Varāha-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśrānti (विश्रान्ति):—[vi-śrānti] (ntiḥ) 2. f. Rest.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vishranti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishranti in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Visranti in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) rest, repose; ease; interval/intermission; -[kala] recess, interval..—visranti (विश्रांति) is alternatively transliterated as Viśrāṃti.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishranti in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viśrāṃti (ವಿಶ್ರಾಂತಿ):—

1) [noun] relief from fatigue, exhaustion, weariness.

2) [noun] a taking rest by being free, unoccupied for sometime.

3) [noun] a place of living.

4) [noun] a giving up or retiring from one’s business, profession, job, etc.

5) [noun] (pros.) a place where the reading or reciting of a poem is stopped for a brief time without breaking the continuity of the sense.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishranti in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Viśrānti (विश्रान्ति):—n. 1. rest; repose; 2. cessation; stop; retirement; 3. break; relaxation;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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