Vishnukanta, Viṣṇukānta, Vishnu-kanta, Viṣṇukāntā, Vishnukamta: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Vishnukanta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Viṣṇukānta and Viṣṇukāntā can be transliterated into English as Visnukanta or Vishnukanta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Viṣṇukānta (विष्णुकान्त, “octagonal”) refers to a classification of bhittipādas, which refers to the walls of a temple.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

1) Viṣṇukānta (विष्णुकान्त) refers to a variety of prāsāda (‘superstructure’, or, upper storey of any building), according to the Mayamata (5th-century guidebook on Dravidian architecture). It is part of the Dvitala (two-storey) group of prāsādas.

The Viṣṇukānta variety has the following specifications and decorative motif components:

Number of talas (levels): 2;
Shape of grīva (neck) and śikhara (head): Octagonal
Number of mahānāsis: 4;

2) Viṣṇukānta (विष्णुकान्त) refers to a type of pillar (stambha). It is an eight-sided shaft. Its description is found in texts such as Mayamata (verse 15.13), Mānasāra (verse 15.10), Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 8.10), Śilparatna (verse 21.58), Īśānaśivagurudevapaddati (verse 31.11) and Kāmikāgama (verse 53.17).

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Viṣṇukānta (विष्णुकान्त).—A type of bhittipāda, or “pilaster”;—This type of shaft possesses a carved cubical base. Above this, the shaft is made octagonal up to the bottom of the phalaka. Because the shaft is made octagonal, the upper comers of the base are decorated with patra decoration. The octagonal shaft, like the brahmakāntha type, contains vase, kumbha, maṇḍi and phalaka. The viṣṇukānta-bhittipādas are generally attractive in their form because of the tastefiil decorative carvings made on them. The base is relieved with vallimaṇḍala and other floral designs.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Viṣṇukānta (विष्णुकान्त) refers to “n. of a type of pillar § 3.22.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Viṣṇukāntā (विष्णुकान्ता) or Viṣṇukāntālokeśvara refers to number 99 of the 108 forms of Avalokiteśvara found in the Machhandar Vahal (Kathmanu, Nepal). [Machhandar or Machandar is another name for for Matsyendra.].

Accordingly,—

“Viṣṇukāntā again is identical with [Piṇḍapātra Lokeśvara] in all respects, except that here the god displays the Varada mudrā with his right hand and the book against his chest in his left.—Piṇḍapātra Lokeśvara is one-faced and two-armed and stands on a lotus. He holds the Piṇḍapātra (the bowl) in his two hands near the navel”.

The names of the 108 deities [viz., Viṣṇukāntā] possbily originate from a Tantra included in the Kagyur which is named “the 108 names of Avalokiteshvara”, however it is not yet certain that this is the source for the Nepali descriptions.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishnukanta in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viṣṇukāṃta (ವಿಷ್ಣುಕಾಂತ):—

1) [noun] (archit.) a class of four-storeyed buildings.

2) [noun] (archit.) an octagonal column with eight minor pillars.

3) [noun] (archit.) a gate-house with sixteen towers.

4) [noun] (archit.) a kind of phallus (linga).

5) [noun] (archit.) a kind of ornament or jewel.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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