Vishkambhana, Viṣkambhaṇa: 3 definitions


Vishkambhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Viṣkambhaṇa can be transliterated into English as Viskambhana or Vishkambhana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Vishkambhana in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Viṣkambhaṇa (विष्कम्भण) refers to “blocking (obstructions)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] Thus he becomes one who subjugates the works of Māra (mārakarman). What then is the subjugation of the works of Māra? That by means of which none of Māra can find a weak point in the Bodhisattva. [...] (27) having a lazy mind thinking that whatever is done by living beings is sufficient is the work of Māra; (28) living in pride with no respect, slanderous speech, having falsehood and fraud, taking pleasure in fabrications, dishonesty, harsh and unpleasant [speech], not criticizing sins, pulling out the root of dharmas, being satisfied with little learning-dharma, seeking for the non-dharma, desire for the non-dharma, not blocking (aviṣkambhaṇa) obstructions (āvaraṇa), interruptions (vivaraṇa), the uprising (paryutthāna) [of depravities] are the works of Māra; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishkambhana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Viṣkambhaṇa (विष्कम्भण).—also written °na, and °na-tā, nt. (to next; = Pali vikkhambhana, of the nīvaraṇa), (1) something that holds fast, immobilizes, especially a gag or prop holding the mouth open and immovable: Mahāvastu i.8.2; Divyāvadāna 375.10 (see viṣkambhate 1); (vadana-) viṣkambhaṇa- kāṣṭham Jātakamālā 237.2, the stick of wood which held (open) the (lion's) mouth; (2) blocking, suppression, of nīvaraṇa and other evils: °nam Mahāvyutpatti 2551 = Tibetan rnam par (= vi) gnon pa (suppression) or sel ba (removal, blotting out); nīvaraṇā- nāṃ viṣkambhana-tā Śikṣāsamuccaya 191.7; paryutthāna-vi° Śikṣāsamuccaya 50.8; Samādhirājasūtra p. 5 line 1 (see paryutthāna).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viṣkambhaṇa (विष्कम्भण):—[=vi-ṣkambhaṇa] [from vi-ṣkambha > vi-ṣkambh] n. the act of obstructing or impeding etc., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] a means of tearing open, [Divyāvadāna]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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