Visheshaka, Viśeṣaka, Visesaka: 15 definitions


Visheshaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Viśeṣaka can be transliterated into English as Visesaka or Visheshaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Visheshaka in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Viśeṣaka (विशेषक).—Determining: determinant; cf. अस्त्यत्र विशेषः । राजा विशेषकः प्रयुज्यते तेन विशिष्टस्यानयनं भवति (astyatra viśeṣaḥ | rājā viśeṣakaḥ prayujyate tena viśiṣṭasyānayanaṃ bhavati); M. Bh. on P.II. 2.6; cf. अवयवे कृतं लिङ्गं समुदायस्य विशेषकं भवति (avayave kṛtaṃ liṅgaṃ samudāyasya viśeṣakaṃ bhavati); M.Bh.on P.I.3.62 Vārt.5.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Viśeṣaka (विशेषक) refers to a “combination of three sentences” as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—Madhusudan Mishra rightly observes that the poet is at liberty to choose his favourite metre to begin a canto, he also has to observe the restriction to continue it in spite of all odds. That is to say, sometimes the metre in hand may look too tiny before the elaborate ideas and the poet may face the situation of a square peg in round hole, but there is no alternative before the poet other than continuing the one at the beginning. The early poets must have felt such difficulties in their works, but soon they could have got through it by devising some tricks like yugma, sandanitaka, kalāpaka, kūlaka, etc. in which a number of stanzas are connected with one another as forming one sentence

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Visheshaka in Purana glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana

Viśeṣaka (विशेषक) refers to “different (designs)” (for decorating the forehead).—Cf. Viśeṣakacchedya [= viśeṣakacchedyaṃ], which refers to “cutting of different designs on Bhūrjapatra for decorating the forehead”, representing one of the “sixty four kinds of Art”, according to the Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa.—Indian tradition, basically includes sixty four Art forms are acknowledged. The references of sixty four kinds of kalā are found in the Bhāgavatapurāṇa, Śaiva-Tantras, Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa etc.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visheshaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

visesaka : (m.) a distinguishing mark.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Visesaka, (m. or nt.) (fr. visesa) 1. a (distinguishing) mark (on the forehead) Vin. II, 267 (with apaṅga).—2. leading to distinction VvA. 85. (Page 641)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visheshaka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viśēṣaka (विशेषक).—n S A trio of stanzas connected by the construction, the three together completing the sense.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visheshaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viśeṣaka (विशेषक).—a.

1) Distinguishing, distinctive.

2) Restrictive; ननु विशेषकः शब्दः श्रूयते ब्रह्मवर्चसकमिति । नैष विशेषकः । उपाधिकर एषः (nanu viśeṣakaḥ śabdaḥ śrūyate brahmavarcasakamiti | naiṣa viśeṣakaḥ | upādhikara eṣaḥ) | ŚB. on MS.4.3.2.

-kaḥ, -kam 1 A distinguishing feature or characteristic, an attribute.

2) A discriminative or distinguishing quality.

3) A mark on the forehead with sandal, saffron &c.

4) Drawing lines of painting on the face and person with coloured unguents and cosmetics; प्रत्याख्यातविशेषकं कुरबकं श्यामाव- दातारुणम् (pratyākhyātaviśeṣakaṃ kurabakaṃ śyāmāva- dātāruṇam) M.3 5; स्वेदोद्गमः किंपुरुषाङ्गनानां चक्रे पदं पत्रविशेषकेषु (svedodgamaḥ kiṃpuruṣāṅganānāṃ cakre padaṃ patraviśeṣakeṣu) Kumārasambhava 3.33; R.9.29; Śiśupālavadha 3.63;1.84.

-kaḥ A particular form of speech; cf. विशेषोक्ति (viśeṣokti).

-kam A group of three stanzas forming one grammatical sentence; द्वाभ्यां युग्ममिति प्रोक्तं त्रिभिः श्लोकैर्विशेषकम् । कलापकं चतुर्भिः स्यात्तदूर्ध्वं कुलकं स्मृतम् (dvābhyāṃ yugmamiti proktaṃ tribhiḥ ślokairviśeṣakam | kalāpakaṃ caturbhiḥ syāttadūrdhvaṃ kulakaṃ smṛtam) ||.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśeṣaka (विशेषक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Discriminative, distinguishing, attributive, characteristic. mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) 1. A mark on the forehead made with Sandal, &c. and worn either as an ornament or sectarial distinction. 2. An attribute, a predicate. 3. An arrangement of poetical composition. E. vi before, śiṣ to attribute or distinguish, aff. ṇvul .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśeṣaka (विशेषक).—i. e. vi-śiṣ + aka, I. adj. Discriminative, distinguishing. Ii. m. and n. 1. An attribute, a predicate. 2. A mark on the forehead made with sandal, etc., and worn either as an ornament, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] [distich] 40; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 199, 4, or sectarial distinction.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśeṣaka (विशेषक).—[adjective] distinguishing, qualifying; [masculine] [neuter] mark of the forehead.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśeṣaka (विशेषक):—[=vi-śeṣaka] [from vi-śiṣ] mfn. (ifc.) = vi-śeṣa, distinction, difference, [Bhāṣāpariccheda]

2) [v.s. ...] distinguishing, qualifying, specifying, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] mn. a mark on the forehead (made with sandal etc.), [Rāmāyaṇa; Mālavikāgnimitra; Kathāsaritsāgara] (cf. pattrav)

4) [v.s. ...] an attribute, predicate, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a [particular] figure of speech (in which the difference of two objects otherwise said to be similar is dwelt upon; cf. viśeṣokti), [Kuvalayānanda]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a scholar, [Buddhist literature]

7) [v.s. ...] of a country, [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]

8) [=vi-śeṣaka] [from vi-śiṣ] n. a series of three stanzas forming one grammatical sentence

9) [v.s. ...] (cf. yugma and kalāpaka), [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśeṣaka (विशेषक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ)] 1. m. n. Sandal mark on the forehead; a predidicate. a. Characteristic.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Viśeṣaka (विशेषक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Visesaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Visheshaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visheshaka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viśēṣaka (ವಿಶೇಷಕ):—[adjective] special; peculiar; distinctive; unique.

--- OR ---

Viśēṣaka (ವಿಶೇಷಕ):—

1) [noun] distinction; difference.

2) [noun] a special, important man.

3) [noun] a mark on the forehead made with sandal paste.

4) [noun] (rhet.) a series of three stanzas forming one grammatical sentence.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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