Vishatantra, Viṣatantra, Visha-tantra: 6 definitions


Vishatantra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Viṣatantra can be transliterated into English as Visatantra or Vishatantra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vishatantra in Shaivism glossary
Source: eScholarship: Gāruḍa Medicine

1) Viṣatantra (विषतन्त्र) refers to “treatise on poisons” according to the Suśrutasaṃhitā regarding the topic of poisons.—The Suśrutasaṃhitā, which has its entire Kalpasthāna section devoted to the topic of poisons, does not know either word [viz., sarpavidyā and viṣavaidya] and rather uses the term viṣacikitsā (poison-medicine), agadatantra (treatise on antidotes), or viṣatantra (treatise on poisons). The latter two are perhaps the most broad and fitting. However, agadatantra is rarely used in other texts. Both agadatantra and viṣatantra nominally exclude topics covered in the Gāruḍa Tantras.

2) Viṣatantra (विषतन्त्र) refers to the first book of the Gadanigraha of Soḍhala.—The first chapter of the viṣatantra book is on plant poisons.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Vishatantra in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Google Books: Cultural Leaders of India - Scientists (Ayurveda)

Viṣatantra (विषतन्त्र) refers to “toxicology” and represents one of the eight divisions (aṣṭāṅga) of Āyurveda as divided by Dhanvantari.—Accordingly, Dhanvantari became a pupil of sage Bhāradvāja who taught him Āyurveda and Bheṣakriyā. Later, Dhanvantari is stated to have divided the entire range of Āyurveda into eight divisions (the Aṣṭāṅgas), each division representing a speciality. These specialities are [viz., 6. Viṣatantra (toxicology), ...]. In his turn, he is stated to have imparted the knowledge of these specialities to his pupils.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Viṣatantra (विषतन्त्र) refers to the “treatment of poisonous snake” (and other poisons of animal or plant origin), and is dealt with in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations (viz., Viṣatantra) which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishatantra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viṣatantra (विषतन्त्र).—toxicology.

Derivable forms: viṣatantram (विषतन्त्रम्).

Viṣatantra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms viṣa and tantra (तन्त्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Viṣatantra (विषतन्त्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—toxicology, a chapter of most medical Saṃhitāḥ, in Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā 6, 40-48. A Viṣatantra is quoted by Vijñāneśvara in Mitākṣarā 2, 111.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṣatantra (विषतन्त्र):—[=viṣa-tantra] [from viṣa > viṣ] n. ‘toxicology’, a [chapter] of most medical Saṃhitās.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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