Vishadana, Viṣādana: 6 definitions


Vishadana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Viṣādana can be transliterated into English as Visadana or Vishadana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (kavyashastra)

Viṣādana (विषादन) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).The figure of speech viṣādana, not admitted by Mammaṭa, Ruyyaka, Viśvanātha etc., is also an addition by comparatively modern rhetoricians like Jayadeva, Appayyadikṣita. In fact this figure is exactly the opposite of the figure praharṣaṇa, as we find in worldly life two opposite words viz. Praharṣa (great joy) and viṣāda (Sorrow).

Cirañjīva defines this alaṃkāra as—“iṣyamāṇaviruddhārthasamprāptistu viṣādanam”.—“Whenever the poet describes the achievement of a thing which is not desired at all and opposite of the intended thing, it is the figure viṣādana”. In worldly life also whenever people do not get their desired thing and the thing which they got are not intended at all they are disheartened.

Example of the viṣādana-alaṃkāra:—

gatvā pibāmyati madhūni samaṃ vadhūbhi—ritthaṃ vicintya sarasīmalireti yāvat |
kenāpi tāvadatimattamataṅgajena nirmūlitāni sahasaiva saroruhāṇi ||

“When the bee comes to the lake thinking in this way that I will go and drink honey extremely with wives, then suddenly the lotuses are uprooted by a mad elephant”.

Notes: In this verse the poet describes that the bees who are fond of honey approach to the lotuses of the lake which contain honey. But as soon as the bees go to the lake the lotuses which are the seat of honey are destroyed suddenly by a mad elephant. Here the intended honey is not achieved, on the contrary the opposite thing i.e., the destruction of the lotuses has taken place. So it is an example of viṣādana.

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Viśādana (विशादन) refers to one of the various Alaṅkāras (‘figures of speech’) classified as Artha (‘sense’), as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—In the poem, the poet has deliberately used ‘viśādana-alaṅkāra’. It shows the sense of agitation. For instance, in verse VII.61 of the Bhīṣmacarita, King Śāntanu goes to the forest with a wish to have peace of mind; but being more agitated, he returns to the royal palace. It so happened like a gambler goes out with a wish to win the game but returns home by loosing in the game. Man cannot understand His will, as the will of almighty God is really amazing.

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishadana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viṣādana (विषादन).—Affliction, despair.

Derivable forms: viṣādanam (विषादनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṣādana (विषादन).—[adjective] & [neuter] causing despondency or depression.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viṣādana (विषादन):—[=vi-ṣādana] [from vi-ṣāda > vi-ṣad] mfn. causing depression or grief, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [=vi-ṣādana] [from vi-ṣāda > vi-ṣad] n. the causing despondency or sadness, [Caraka]

3) [v.s. ...] affliction, grief, despair, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a distressing experience, [Kuvalayānanda]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vishadana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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