Virudh, Vīrudh: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Virudh means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

1) Vīrudh (वीरुध्) refers to “that which creeps up the trees” and represents one of the five kinds of aṅkura or “substances (dravya) produced (ja) through a sprout (aṅkura)”, as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Anūpādi-varga covers some 16 major topics regarding land and vegetations (e.g., Vīrudh) .

Vīrudh (वीरुध्), also known as Latā, refers to a “creeper” (viz., a creeping plant) according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Vīrudh] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Vīrudh or Latā are mentioned as having eight synonyms:

  1. Ulapa,
  2. Gulminī,
  3. Vīrudlatā,
  4. Vallī,
  5. Pratāninī,
  6. Vratati,
  7. Pratati,
  8. Vistīrṇā.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vīrudh (वीरुध्, “creeping plant, low shrub”).—One the classifications of plants according to their stature. Vīrudhs are herbs with a spreading stem, e.g., creepers and gulmas. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Vīrudh is listed as a classification for plants in the following sources:

The Carakasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna I.36-37) by Caraka.
The Suśrutasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna I.23) by Suśruta.
The Kiraṇāvalī by Udayanācārya, which is a commentary on the Praśastapādabhāṣya.
The Bhāvārthadīpikā 3.10.19 (commentary on the Bhāgavatapurāṇa) by Śrīdhara.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of virudh in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Vīrudh (वीरुध्) means ‘plant’ in the Rigveda and later. As contrasted with Oṣadhi, it denotes the inferior order of plants, but it often has practically the same sense as Oṣadhi.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Virudh (विरुध्).—7 U.

1) To oppose, obstruct, hinder, prevent. -Pass.

1) To be opposed to, be inconsistent or at variance with.

2) To contend or quarrel with; एको दोषो विदेशस्य स्वजातिर्यद्विरुध्यते (eko doṣo videśasya svajātiryadvirudhyate) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 4.116.

3) To fail.

4) To be kept back or withheld.

--- OR ---

Vīrudh (वीरुध्).—f.

1) A spreading creeper; लता प्रतानिनी विरुत् (latā pratāninī virut) Ak.; आहोस्वित् प्रसवो ममापचरितैर्विष्टम्भितो वीरुधाम् (āhosvit prasavo mamāpacaritairviṣṭambhito vīrudhām) Ś.5. 9; Kumārasambhava 5.34; R.8.36.

2) A branch, shoot.

3) A plant which grows after being cut.

4) A creeper, a shrub in general; भृशं ददर्शाश्रममण्डपोपमाः सपुष्पहासाः स निवेशवीरुधः (bhṛśaṃ dadarśāśramamaṇḍapopamāḥ sapuṣpahāsāḥ sa niveśavīrudhaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 4.19.

See also (synonyms): vīrudhā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vīrudh (वीरुध्).—f. (-rud or rut) 1. A creeper or spreading creeper. 2. A branch and shoot. 3. A plant which grows after cutting. 4. A bower. E. vi before rudh to impede, aff. kvip, and the vowel of the prefix made long; also ṭāp being added, vīrudhā f. (-dhā) .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vīrudh (वीरुध्).—i. e. vi-ruh, f. 1. A creeper. 2. A plant which grows again when being cut, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 142. 3. A plant in general, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 50; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 38. 4. A branch and shoot, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 44, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vīrudh (वीरुध्).—[feminine] ([masculine]) herb, plant, [especially] a spreading creeper.

--- OR ---

Virudh (विरुध्).—= [Simple]

Virudh is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and rudh (रुध्).

--- OR ---

Virudh (विरुध्).—hinder, obstruct, restrain, suppress, surround, besiege, confine, shut up; [Middle] be opposed by ([instrumental]); [Passive] virudhyate (°ti) be opposed or contrary to ([instrumental]); disagree, contend or fight with ([instrumental] ±saha, [genetive], [locative], or prati). [Causative] render hostile, disunite, exasperate.

Virudh is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and rudh (रुध्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Virudh (विरुध्):—[=vi-rudh] a. vi-√1. rudh (only in -rodhat, [Ṛg-veda i, 67, 9]), to shoot forth.

2) [v.s. ...] b. vi-√2. rudh [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] -ruṇaddhi, -runddhe, ([Parasmaipada]) to hinder, obstruct, invest, besiege, [Rāmāyaṇa];

2) —to close, [Ṛtusaṃhāra];

2) — ([Ātmanepada]) to encounter opposition from ([instrumental case]), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] :

2) —[Passive voice] -rudhyate (mc. also ti), to be impeded or checked or kept back or withheld, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.;

2) —to be opposed, to contend with ([instrumental case] with or without saha, [genitive case] [locative case], or [accusative] with prati), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

2) —to be at variance with or contradictory to ([instrumental case]), [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

2) —to fail, [Mahābhārata] :

2) —[Causal] -rodhayati (rarely te), to set at variance, disunite, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa];

2) —to oppose, encounter, fight against or contend, with ([accusative], rarely [genitive case]);

2) —to object to ([accusative]), [Mahābhārata x, 180] :

2) —[Desiderative] -rurutsati, to wish to commence hostility, [Mahābhārata]

3) Vīrudh (वीरुध्):—[=vī-rudh] f. (once in [Mahābhārata] m.; [from] 3. vi + √1. rudh = ruh cf. vi-sruh) a plant, herb ([especially] a creeping plant or a low shrub), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (vīrudhām patiḥ, ‘lord of plants’, in [Ṛg-veda] applied to Soma, in [Mahābhārata] to the moon)

4) [v.s. ...] a branch, shoot, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] a plant which grows again after being cut, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) [v.s. ...] the snare or noose of Indra, [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vīrudh (वीरुध्):—[(d-t)] 5. f. A creeper; a branch and shoot.

[Sanskrit to German]

Virudh in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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