Viratanagara, aka: Virāṭanagara, Virata-nagara; 4 Definition(s)


Viratanagara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Viratanagara in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Virāṭanagara (विराटनगर).—The Capital of Matsya. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 30, Stanza 28, that once the Kauravas and the Trigartas attacked this country.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Virāṭanagara (विराटनगर) refers to the name of a City mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IV.1.1, IV.1.14). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Virāṭa-nagara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Viratanagara in India history glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Virāṭanagara another name for Hāngal, an ancient locality where the Kadamba kings (r. 12the century A.D.) once ruled.—The Kadamba kings of Hāngal had the hereditary right to rule the Panuṃgal or Hānuṃgāl district, which consisted of live hundred villages. And their capital was Hāngal itself, which is mentioned in records by the appellations of Pānthīpura, Vairāṭapura, Virāṭana-koṭe, and Virāṭanagara, as well as by the ancient name from which the modern name is derived. they sometimes ruled also the Banavāsi province; but the numerous instances in which that province was under the government of the members of other feudatory families and of ordinary officials, disprove any hereditary right on their part to that territory

Source: Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency

Virāṭanagara (विराटनगर) or Vairat was the ancient capital of Matsya: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The Matsya country comprises the modern territory of Jaipur; it included the whole of the present territory of Alwar with a portion of Bharatpur. The capital of the Matsya country was Virāṭanagara or Vairat, so called because it was the capital of Virāṭa, King of the Matsyas.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Relevant definitions

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