Virana, Vīraṇa, Viraṇa: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Virana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vīraṇa (वीरण).—A Prajāpati. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 348, Stanza 41, that this Prajāpati learned the philosophy of purity and righteousness from Sanatkumāra and taught the hermit Raibhya what he had learned.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vīraṇa (वीरण) or Pañcajana is the father of Asiknī: Dakṣa’s wife and mother of Umā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.13. Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Nārada:—“[...] O lord of subjects, let Asiknī, the beautiful daughter of Pañcajana, the lord of five tribes, be taken by you as your consort. Indulging in sexual intercourse you can create subjects many in number in a beautiful woman like her”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vīraṇa (वीरण).—A progenitor; father of Asiknī and father-inlaw of Dakṣa (Cākṣuṣa, Viṣṇu-purāṇa);1 his daughter Vīriṇī married Cakṣus.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 2. 5; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 128; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 3.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 4. 40.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Vīraṇa (वीरण) (identified with the roots of Vetiveria zizanioides) is used in a recipe for producing fragrance (gandha-samutpatti), according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly: “An ordinary mango tree gets the good quality of a high class mango tree and puts forth fragrant blossom attracting the bees if it is smeared with the thick paste of Syzygium cumini, coral, Cyperus hexastachys communis and the roots of Vetiveria zizanioides [e.g., Vīraṇa-Mūla] and then sprinkled with the water from the same paste”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Vīraṇa (वीरण) is the form in the late Saḍviṃśa-brāhmaṇa (v. 2) of the name of the plant Vīriṇa.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Viraṇa, (adj. nt.) (vi+raṇa) without fight or harm, peace Sdhp. 579. (Page 633)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viraṇā (विरणा).—a C That crumbles under the operation of husking--rice &c.; or of rough grinding--pulse.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viraṇa (विरण).—A kind of fragrant grass; cf. वीरण (vīraṇa).

Derivable forms: viraṇam (विरणम्).

--- OR ---

Vīraṇa (वीरण).—Name of a fragrant grass, Andropogon Muricatus, (the root of which is used as a refrigerant); वीरणस्तम्बके लग्नाः सर्वतः परिभक्षिते (vīraṇastambake lagnāḥ sarvataḥ paribhakṣite) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.13.17.

Derivable forms: vīraṇam (वीरणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viraṇa (विरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) A fragrant grass, (Andropogon schœnanthum.) E. See vīraṇa . “veṇāra mūla .”

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Vīraṇa (वीरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) A fragrant grass, (Andropogon muricatum.) f. (-ṇī) 1. A side glance. 2. A deep place. E. vi a bird, īr to go, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vīraṇa (वीरण).—I. n. A fragrant grass, Andropogon muricatum, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 80, 8. Ii. f. ṇī. 1. A side-glance. 2. A deep place.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vīraṇa (वीरण).—[neuter] a kind of fragrant grass.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viraṇa (विरण):—[=vi-raṇa] 1. vi-raṇa See a-v.

2) 2. viraṇa n. = vīraṇa, Andropogon Muricatus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Vīraṇa (वीरण):—[from vīr] m. Name of a Prajā-pati (father of Vīraṇī or Asiknī), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a teacher, [Catalogue(s)] ([probably] [wrong reading] for vīraṇin)

5) [from vīr] n. a fragrant grass, Andropogon Muricatus, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viraṇa (विरण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. A fragrant grass.

2) Vīraṇa (वीरण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. A fragrant grass. f. Side glance; deep place.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vīraṇa (वीरण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vīraṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Virana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Vīrāna (वीरान) [Also spelled viran]:—(a and nm) deserted, devastated, desolate; uninhabited (place); ~[] desolateness, desertedness.

2) Vīrānā (वीराना):—(nm) a deserted/desolated place.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Vīraṇa (वीरण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vīraṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vīraṇa (ವೀರಣ):—[noun] a kind of double drum used on social occasions, as marriage, etc.

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Vīraṇa (ವೀರಣ):—

1) [noun] the grass Vetiveria zizanioides ( = Andropogon muricatus) of Poaceae family.

2) [noun] its fragrant root.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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