Virana, Vīraṇa, Viraṇa: 17 definitions
Virana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Vīraṇa (वीरण) or Pañcajana is the father of Asiknī: Dakṣa’s wife and mother of Umā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.13. Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Nārada:—“[...] O lord of subjects, let Asiknī, the beautiful daughter of Pañcajana, the lord of five tribes, be taken by you as your consort. Indulging in sexual intercourse you can create subjects many in number in a beautiful woman like her”.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Vīraṇa (वीरण).—A Prajāpati. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 348, Stanza 41, that this Prajāpati learned the philosophy of purity and righteousness from Sanatkumāra and taught the hermit Raibhya what he had learned.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Vīraṇa (वीरण).—A progenitor; father of Asiknī and father-inlaw of Dakṣa (Cākṣuṣa, Viṣṇu-purāṇa);1 his daughter Vīriṇī married Cakṣus.2
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Vīraṇa (वीरण) is the form in the late Saḍviṃśa-brāhmaṇa (v. 2) of the name of the plant Vīriṇa.
Languages of India and abroad
Viraṇa, (adj. nt.) (vi+raṇa) without fight or harm, peace Sdhp. 579. (Page 633)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
viraṇā (विरणा).—a C That crumbles under the operation of husking--rice &c.; or of rough grinding--pulse.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Viraṇa (विरण).—A kind of fragrant grass; cf. वीरण (vīraṇa).
Derivable forms: viraṇam (विरणम्).
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Vīraṇa (वीरण).—Name of a fragrant grass, Andropogon Muricatus, (the root of which is used as a refrigerant); वीरणस्तम्बके लग्नाः सर्वतः परिभक्षिते (vīraṇastambake lagnāḥ sarvataḥ paribhakṣite) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.13.17.
Derivable forms: vīraṇam (वीरणम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇaṃ) A fragrant grass, (Andropogon schœnanthum.) E. See vīraṇa . “veṇāra mūla .”
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(-ṇaṃ) A fragrant grass, (Andropogon muricatum.) f. (-ṇī) 1. A side glance. 2. A deep place. E. vi a bird, īr to go, lyuṭ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vīraṇa (वीरण).—I. n. A fragrant grass, Andropogon muricatum, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 80, 8. Ii. f. ṇī. 1. A side-glance. 2. A deep place.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vīraṇa (वीरण).—[neuter] a kind of fragrant grass.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Viraṇa (विरण):—[=vi-raṇa] 1. vi-raṇa See a-v.
2) 2. viraṇa n. = vīraṇa, Andropogon Muricatus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) Vīraṇa (वीरण):—[from vīr] m. Name of a Prajā-pati (father of Vīraṇī or Asiknī), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]
4) [v.s. ...] of a teacher, [Catalogue(s)] ([probably] [wrong reading] for vīraṇin)
5) [from vīr] n. a fragrant grass, Andropogon Muricatus, [Mahābhārata]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Viraṇa (विरण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. A fragrant grass.
2) Vīraṇa (वीरण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. A fragrant grass. f. Side glance; deep place.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Vīraṇa (वीरण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vīraṇa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) Vīrāna (वीरान) [Also spelled viran]:—(a and nm) deserted, devastated, desolate; uninhabited (place); ~[nī] desolateness, desertedness.
2) Vīrānā (वीराना):—(nm) a deserted/desolated place.
Vīraṇa (वीरण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vīraṇa.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Vīraṇa (ವೀರಣ):—[noun] a kind of double drum used on social occasions, as marriage, etc.
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1) [noun] the grass Vetiveria zizanioides ( = Andropogon muricatus) of Poaceae family.
2) [noun] its fragrant root.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+3): Viranaga, Viranagara, Viranaka, Viranakirutu, Viranakkalli, Viranakkopini, Viranam, Viranampokki, Virananda, Viranandin, Virananikki, Viranankalkustampokki, Viranarasimhavalokana, Viranarayana, Viranarayana bhupala, Viranarayanacarita, Viranarayaniya, Viranastamba, Viranastambaka, Viranatha.
Ends with: Avirana, Khandavirana, Rigvedashtavikritivirana.
Full-text (+50): Khandavirana, Vairani, Viratara, Virina, Amrinala, Viranastamba, Viranastambaka, Virini, Stambaka, Avirana, Viran, Katayana, Avadaha, Asikni, Virani, Vairina, Virabhadra, Birana, Vairanaka, Viranaka.
Search found 22 books and stories containing Virana, Vīraṇa, Viraṇa, Viraṇā, Vi-rana, Vi-raṇa, Vīrāna, Vīrānā; (plurals include: Viranas, Vīraṇas, Viraṇas, Viraṇās, ranas, raṇas, Vīrānas, Vīrānās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section XLV < [Astika Parva]
Section XIII < [Astika Parva]
Section CCCXLIX < [Mokshadharma Parva]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 2 - The progeny of Prajāpati: the race of Dakṣa < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 11 - Offering rice-cake (piṇḍa) to the Manes (Pitāmahas) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
Flora (13): Grasses < [Chapter 5 - Aspects of Nature]
Appendix III - Synonyms of Flora (Vanauṣadhi-varga)
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 1.191.3 < [Sukta 191]
Asvalayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter 3 - An Account of Various Families; Daksha’s Offspring < [Book 1 - Harivamsa Parva]