Viramati, Viramatī: 10 definitions


Viramati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Vīramatī (वीरमती) is the name of a Yakṣiṇī mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Vīramatī).

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Vīramatī (वीरमती) is the goddess presiding over one of the six petals of the eastern lotus of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala, according to the Vārāhyabhyudayatantra (largerly extracted from the 10th century Abhidhānottaratantra). These six petals are presided over by a kuleśvarī (presiding lady) named Māmakī. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī.

Vīramatī is associated with the sacred site (pīṭha) named Godāvarī. All the goddess of the eastern lotus petals are to be visualised as dancing naked and being half-male / half-female (ardhanarīśvarī) with their two sides being white and green. In their four arms they brandish a bowl and staff, with a ḍamaru and their familial attribute.

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Vīramatī (वीरमती) is the name of a Ḍākinī (‘sacred girl’) presiding over Godāvarī: one of the four Upapīthas (‘sacred spot’) present within the Cittacakra (‘circle of mid’), according to the 9th-centruy Vajraḍākatantra. The Cittacakra is one of three Cakras within the Tricakra system which embodies twenty-four sacred spots or districts resided over by twenty-four Ḍākinīs (viz., Vīramatī) whose husbands abide in one’s body in the form of twenty-four ingredients (dhātu) of one’s body.

Vīramatī has for her husband the hero (vīra) named Surāvairiṇa. She is the presiding deity of Godāvarī and the associated internal location is ‘left ear’ and the bodily ingredient (dhātu) is ‘muscle’.

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Vīramatī (वीरमती) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Surāvairin forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vajracakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vajracakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Vīramatī] and Vīras each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum and a knife; they are dark-bluish-black in color.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Vīramatī (वीरमती) is the name of a Ḍākinī (female consort) and one of the deities of the Cakrasaṃvara-maṇḍala or Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—The Cakrasaṃvara mandala has a total of sixty-two deities. [...] Three concentric circles going outward, the body, speech and mind wheels (kāya-vāka-citta), in the order: mind (blue), speech (red), and body (white), with eight Ḍākinīs each in non-dual union with their Ḍākas, "male consorts".

Associated elements of Vīramatī and Surāvairiṇa:

Circle: kāyacakra (mind-wheel) (blue);
Ḍākinī (female consort): Vīramatī;
Ḍāka (male consort): Surāvairiṇa;
Bīja: goṃ;
Body-part: left ear;
Pīṭha: Godāvarī;
Bodily constituent: snāyu tendons);
Bodhipakṣa (wings of enlightenment): śraddhendriya (faculty of conviction).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Vīramatī (वीरमती) is the feminine name Vīrabhadra assumed in order to impress Anaṅgasundarī with his skills, according to chapter 6.2 [aranātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Sāgaradatta said to Kumbha:—“[...]. Vīrabhadra said, ‘My sister did not bring me from fear of our elders. There is no other reason.’ Anaṅgasundarī said, ‘In future you must come every day with your sister. What is her name, fair lady?’ Vīrabhadra said quickly, ‘My name is Vīramatī.’ The princess said again, ‘Do you know other arts also?’ Vinayavatī said, ‘You will soon know, yourself. There is no confidence in wonderful accomplishments described by others.’ Anaṅgasundarī, delighted, said, ‘Wry well,’ and, after entertaining Vinayavatī, dismissed her together with him (Vīrabhadra). [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Viramati in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

viramati : (vi + ram + a) abstains; refrains; desists; ceases.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Viramati, (vi+ramati) to stop, cease; to desist (Abl.), abstain, refrain Sn. 400 (Pot. °meyya), 828 (Pot. °me), 925; Nd1 168, 376; Th. 2, 397 (aor. viramāsi, cp. Geiger, P. Gr. § 1651); Pv IV. 355 (pāpadassanaṃ, Acc.); Miln. 85; PvA. 204. (Page 633)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vīramatī (वीरमती).—(1) name of a yakṣiṇī: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 612.8; (2) (the same ?) name of a yoginī: Sādhanamālā 427.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vīramatī (वीरमती):—[=vīra-matī] [from vīra > vīr] f. Name of a woman, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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