Viraga, aka: Virāga; 10 Definition(s)


Viraga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Viraga in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Virāga (विराग).—A son of Vāta.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 130.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Virāga (विराग).—Omission of a consonant, sometimes when it is preceded and also followed by another consonant, as if it were squeezed between the two; this is no doubt looked upon as a fault; e.g. the omission of the consonant द् (d) in उपमा षट् द्रा द्वा (upamā ṣaṭ drā dvā) uttered as उपमा षट् वा द्वा (upamā ṣaṭ vā dvā); cf.अन्योन्येन व्यञ्जनानां विरागः (anyonyena vyañjanānāṃ virāgaḥ) R. Pr.XIV where Uvvaṭa explains विराग (virāga) as लोप् (lop).

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

'fading away', detachment; absence of lust, dispassionateness. Appears frequently together with nirodha, 'cessation'

  • (1) as a name for Nibbāna,

  • (2) in the contemplations

    • (a) forming the 4th tetrad in the exercises in mindfulness of breathing (s. ānāpānasati 14),

    • (b) of the 18 principal insights (No. 5); s. vipassanā.

According to Com., it may mean

  • (1) the momentary destruction of phenomena, or

  • (2) the ultimate 'fading away', i.e. Nibbāna.

In the aforementioned two contemplations, it means the understanding of both, and the path attained by such understanding.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Viraga in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

virāga : (m.) dispassionateness; absence of desire.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Virāga, (vi+rāga) 1. absence of rāga, dispassionateness, indifference towards (Abl. or Loc.) disgust, absence of desire, destruction of passions; waning, fading away, cleansing, purifying; emancipation, Arahantship. ‹-› D. III, 130 sq. 136 sq. 222, 243, 251, 290; S. I, 136; III, 19 sq. 59 sq. 163, 189; IV, 33 sq. 47, 226, 365; V, 226, 255, 361; A. I, 100, 299; II, 26; III, 35, 85, 325 sq.; IV, 146 sq. 423 sq.; V, 112, 359; Th. 1, 599; Sn. 795; Ps. II, 220 sq.; Nd1 100; Kvu 600=Dh. 273=Nett 188 (virāgo seṭṭho dhammānaṃ); Dhs. 163; Nett 16, 29; Vism. 290 (khaya° & accanta°) 293.—Often nearly synonymous with nibbāna, in the description of which it occurs frequently in foll. formula: taṇhakkhaya virāga nirodha nibbāna, e.g. S. I, 136; Vin. I, 5; A. II, 118; It. 88;— or combd with nibbidā virāga nirodha upasama . . . nibbāna, e.g. M. I, 431; S. II, 223; cp. nibbāna II. B1 & III, 8.—In other connection (more objectively as “destruction”): aniccatā saṅkhārānaṃ etc. vipariṇāma virāga nirodha, e.g. S. III, 43; (as “ceasing, fading away”: ) khaya(-dhamma liable to), vaya°, virāga°, nirodha° M. I, 500; S. II, 26.—2. colouring, diversity or display of colour, dye, hue (=rāga 1) J. I, 89 (nānā°-samujjala blazing forth different colours); 395 (nānā° variously dyed); PvA. 50 (nānā°-vaṇṇa-samujjala). (Page 634)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

virāga (विराग).—m S Absence of desire or passion; disregard of or indifference to all sensual enjoyment.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

virāga (विराग).—m Absence of desire or passion.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Virāga (विराग).—

1) Change of colour.

2) Change of disposition, disaffection, discontent, dissatisfaction; विरागकारणेषु परि- हृतेषु (virāgakāraṇeṣu pari- hṛteṣu) Mu.1.

3) Aversion, disinclination; Kau. A.3.

4) Indifference to worldly attachments, freedom from passion.

Derivable forms: virāgaḥ (विरागः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Virāga (विराग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. The absence of desire or passion, indifference, philosophy, the disregard of all sensual enjoyment either in this world or the next. 2. Change of colour. 3. Dissatisfaction. E. vi privative, and rāga passion, desire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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