Viraga, Virāga: 21 definitions


Viraga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Virag.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Virāga (विराग).—A son of Vāta.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 130.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Virāga (विराग).—Omission of a consonant, sometimes when it is preceded and also followed by another consonant, as if it were squeezed between the two; this is no doubt looked upon as a fault; e.g. the omission of the consonant द् (d) in उपमा षट् द्रा द्वा (upamā ṣaṭ drā dvā) uttered as उपमा षट् वा द्वा (upamā ṣaṭ vā dvā); cf.अन्योन्येन व्यञ्जनानां विरागः (anyonyena vyañjanānāṃ virāgaḥ) R. Pr.XIV where Uvvaṭa explains विराग (virāga) as लोप् (lop).

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Virāga (विराग) or Virāgatā refers to the “state of detachment”, according to the Kularatnapañcakāvatāra verse 1.16-23ab.—Accordingly, “One who suffers knows (reality) in the midst of suffering because (of his) impermanent ignorance. O fair lady, (the consequences of) Karma must be experienced due to the (power) of Karma and that is inevitable. Having understood this there is no attachment or (even) detachment (virāgatā) in pleasure and pain. One who knows the condition of his own consciousness does not become subject to Karma. Nor should one take up any other means on the supreme plane that consists of (pure) consciousness. Thus, O goddess, this is said to be the supreme Kulakaula. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'fading away', detachment; absence of lust, dispassionateness. Appears frequently together with nirodha, 'cessation'

  • (1) as a name for Nibbāna,

  • (2) in the contemplations

    • (a) forming the 4th tetrad in the exercises in mindfulness of breathing (s. ānāpānasati 14),

    • (b) of the 18 principal insights (No. 5); s. vipassanā.

According to Com., it may mean

  • (1) the momentary destruction of phenomena, or

  • (2) the ultimate 'fading away', i.e. Nibbāna.

In the aforementioned two contemplations, it means the understanding of both, and the path attained by such understanding.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Virāga (विराग) refers to “(that which is) free from desire”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained the jewel-canopy of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: ‘[...] (20) He knows all living beings have egolessness (nairātmya), the realm of dharmas of the Omniscient has the same character, and the character of all dharmas is free from desire (virāga). Thus the Leader (nāyaka) having sameness (samatā) is honored. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

virāga : (m.) dispassionateness; absence of desire.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Virāga, (vi+rāga) 1. absence of rāga, dispassionateness, indifference towards (Abl. or Loc.) disgust, absence of desire, destruction of passions; waning, fading away, cleansing, purifying; emancipation, Arahantship. ‹-› D. III, 130 sq. 136 sq. 222, 243, 251, 290; S. I, 136; III, 19 sq. 59 sq. 163, 189; IV, 33 sq. 47, 226, 365; V, 226, 255, 361; A. I, 100, 299; II, 26; III, 35, 85, 325 sq.; IV, 146 sq. 423 sq.; V, 112, 359; Th. 1, 599; Sn. 795; Ps. II, 220 sq.; Nd1 100; Kvu 600=Dh. 273=Nett 188 (virāgo seṭṭho dhammānaṃ); Dhs. 163; Nett 16, 29; Vism. 290 (khaya° & accanta°) 293.—Often nearly synonymous with nibbāna, in the description of which it occurs frequently in foll. formula: taṇhakkhaya virāga nirodha nibbāna, e.g. S. I, 136; Vin. I, 5; A. II, 118; It. 88;— or combined with nibbidā virāga nirodha upasama . . . nibbāna, e.g. M. I, 431; S. II, 223; cp. nibbāna II. B1 & III, 8.—In other connection (more objectively as “destruction”): aniccatā saṅkhārānaṃ etc. vipariṇāma virāga nirodha, e.g. S. III, 43; (as “ceasing, fading away”: ) khaya(-dhamma liable to), vaya°, virāga°, nirodha° M. I, 500; S. II, 26.—2. colouring, diversity or display of colour, dye, hue (=rāga 1) J. I, 89 (nānā°-samujjala blazing forth different colours); 395 (nānā° variously dyed); PvA. 50 (nānā°-vaṇṇa-samujjala). (Page 634)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

virāga (विराग).—m S Absence of desire or passion; disregard of or indifference to all sensual enjoyment.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

virāga (विराग).—m Absence of desire or passion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Virāga (विराग).—

1) Change of colour.

2) Change of disposition, disaffection, discontent, dissatisfaction; विरागकारणेषु परि- हृतेषु (virāgakāraṇeṣu pari- hṛteṣu) Mu.1.

3) Aversion, disinclination; Kau. A.3.

4) Indifference to worldly attachments, freedom from passion.

Derivable forms: virāgaḥ (विरागः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Viraga (विरग).—nt., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7715; Tibetan khrib (khrab) khrib. See s.v. vināka.

--- OR ---

Virāga (विराग).—nt., var. for vināka, q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virāga (विराग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. The absence of desire or passion, indifference, philosophy, the disregard of all sensual enjoyment either in this world or the next. 2. Change of colour. 3. Dissatisfaction. E. vi privative, and rāga passion, desire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virāga (विराग).—m. 1. disinclination, hatred, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1156. 2. the absence of desire or passion, indifference, disregard of all sensual enjoyment, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 203, 6.

Virāga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and rāga (राग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virāga (विराग).—1. [masculine] change or loss of colour, absence of passion; aversion or indifference to ([locative], [ablative], or —°).

--- OR ---

Virāga (विराग).—2. [adjective] many-coloured or = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Virāga (विराग):—[=vi-rāga] [from vi] 1. vi-rāga mf(ā)n. passionless, without feeling, dispassionate, indifferent (sarvatas, ‘to everything’), [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) Viraga (विरग):—m. or n. (?) a [particular] high number, [Buddhist literature]

3) Virāga (विराग):—[=vi-rāga] [from vi-rañj] 2. vi-rāga m. (for 1. See p. 952, col. 1) change or loss of colour, [Naiṣadha-carita]

4) [v.s. ...] excitement, irritation, [Pāṇini 6-4, 91]

5) [v.s. ...] aversion, dislike or indifference to ([locative case] [ablative], or [compound]), [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] indifference to external things or worldly objects, [Sāṃkhyakārikā]

7) [v.s. ...] the faulty suppression of a sound in pronunciation, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

8) [v.s. ...] a [particular] high number, [Buddhist literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virāga (विराग):—[vi-rāga] (gaḥ) 1. m. Philosophical absence of desire or passion. a. Tired of the world.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Virāga (विराग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Virāga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Viraga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Virāga (विराग) [Also spelled virag]:—(nm) renunciation; detachment; aversion, dislike, indifference; ~[] detached, one who has renounced or is averse to mundane affairs, an ascetic.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Virāga (विराग) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Virāga.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Virāga (ವಿರಾಗ):—

1) [noun] the change of colours.

2) [noun] absence of interest, intentness, concern, etc.; indifference.

3) [noun] the quality or sate of being not influenced by personal interest, selfish motives, sensual enjoyments, worldly possessions, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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