Vimardana, Vimardanā: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Vimardana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Vimardana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Vimardana (विमर्दन) is the name of a Vidyādhara who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... when Śrutaśarman saw that, he quickly sent other ten lords of the Vidyādharas, chiefs of lords of hosts or lords of hosts of warriors,... and Vimardana [and seven others], the eight similar sons of the Vasus born in the house of Makaranda”.

The story of Vimardana was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vimardana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vimardana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vimardana (विमर्दन) refers to “crushing (one another)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.7 (“Commencement of the War”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Duels were fought by the gods and the Asuras crushing (vimardana) each other, on seeing which heroes were delighted and cowards were terrified. The Asura Tāraka of great strength fought with Indra, Saṃhrāda with Agni and Yama with Jambha. Lord Varuṇa fought with Nairṛta and Bala. Suvīra, the king of Guhyas, fought with Vāyu. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vimardana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vimardana (विमर्दन) or Vimardanā (विमर्दना).—

1) Pounding, crushing, trampling.

2) Rubbing together, friction.

3) Destruction, killing; कौरव्य मह्यां द्विषतोर्विमर्दनम् (kauravya mahyāṃ dviṣatorvimardanam) Bhāgavata 3.18.2.

4) An eclipse.

5) Fragrance, perfume.

6) Battle, war.

7) Trituration of perfumes.

Derivable forms: vimardanam (विमर्दनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vimardana (विमर्दन).—i. e. vi-mṛd + ana, n. 1. Rubbing, grinding. 2. The trituration of perfumes. 3. Conjunction of the sun and moon, eclipse. 4. Destroying, killing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vimardana (विमर्दन).—[adjective] & n = [preceding]; [neuter] also war, fight.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vimardana (विमर्दन):—[=vi-mardana] [from vi-marda > vi-mṛd] mfn. pressing, squeezing, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] crushing, destroying, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. fragrance, perfume, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Rākṣasa, [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a prince of the Vidyādharas, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [v.s. ...] n. (and f(ā). ) the act of rubbing or grinding, or pounding or crushing, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Āpastamba]

7) [v.s. ...] n. hostile encounter, fight, battle, war, [Prabodha-candrodaya; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] devastation, destruction, [Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] the trituration of perfumes, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) [v.s. ...] an eclipse, [ib.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vimardana (विमर्दन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vimaddaṇa, Vimalaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vimardana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vimardana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vimardana (विमर्दन):—(nm) trampling, crushing, pounding; ~[rdita] trampled, crushed, pounded.

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