Viloma: 11 definitions


Viloma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Viloma (विलोम).—Reverse, in the opposite way; the same as प्रतिलोम (pratiloma) which see above.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Viloma (विलोम).—Retrograde. Note: Viloma is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Viloma (विलोम).—(VILOMĀ). A King. In Bhāgavata, King Viloma is stated as the son of King Vahni (Fire) and in Viṣṇu Purāṇa, as the son of Kapotaromā.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

viloma : (adj.) opposing; disagreeing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Viloma, (adj.) (vi+loma) against the grain (lit. against the hair), discrepant, reversed, wrong, unnatural Vin. II, 115 (of cīvara: unsightly); J. III, 113; Dpvs VII. 55; DhA. I, 379; PvA. 87. (Page 636)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vilōma (विलोम).—a (S vi Against, lōma Hair.) Reverse, opposite, contrary, backward, against the hair (grain). 2 That is produced or born in the reverse order. Applied esp. to the mixed tribes--to the offspring of a Kshatriya-man with a Brahmanwoman, of a Vaishya-man with a Kshatriyawoman, and thus downwards, the female parent being of higher caste than the male.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vilōma (विलोम).—a Reverse, contrary, against the hair (grain).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viloma (विलोम).—a. (- f.)

1) Inverted, inverse, contrary, opposite.

2) Produced in the reverse order.

3) Backward.

4) Hairless.

5) Refractory.

-maḥ 1 Reverse order, inversion.

2) A dog.

3) A snake.

4) Name of Varuṇa.

-mam A waterwheel, machine for raising water from a well.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viloma (विलोम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mī-maṃ) Reverse, opposite, contrary, backward, against the hair. m.

(-maḥ) 1. Reverse, opposite course or order, &c. 2. A snake. 3. Varuna, regent of the waters. 4. A dog. n.

(-maṃ) A water-wheel, or machine for raising water. f. (-mī) Emblic myrobalan. E. vi implying difference, &c., and loma the hair of the body; also with kan added vilomaka .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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