Viloma: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Viloma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vilom.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Viloma (विलोम).—Reverse, in the opposite way; the same as प्रतिलोम (pratiloma) which see above.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Viloma (विलोम).—Retrograde. Note: Viloma is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Viloma (विलोम).—(VILOMĀ). A King. In Bhāgavata, King Viloma is stated as the son of King Vahni (Fire) and in Viṣṇu Purāṇa, as the son of Kapotaromā.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Viloma (विलोम) refers to “opposite”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala, Ṣaṭka 1 verse 13.3–18::—Accordingly, “[...] [And], O Goddess, [the Śivadharmadīkṣā] has two forms: in Śaiva scriptures the division of initiation is called that without the seed and that with the seed. [...] The sabījā is the opposite (viloma) to this and is performed, O beautiful one, for those who are learned, endure extremes and are able bodied. By those the rituals towards the Guru, the God and the fire have to be performed with extreme devotion, since the desired fruit will not come about for them who don’t do [these rites]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Viloma (विलोम) refers to “(being) contrary” (to enjoyment), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Kaula, whose sphere is the unmanifest, is in the triple abode of the energy of Kula. That which is within Kula (Śiva / Śakti) and Kaula (the Absolute) is said to be (the supreme) plane (of existence). All that is contrary (viloma) to enjoyment and Yoga is devoid of Kaula”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Viloma (विलोम) or Vilomagati refers to “working backwards” (i.e., the “method of inversion”), according to the principles of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—The method of inversion called viloma-gati (“working backwards”) is found to have been commonly used in India from very early times.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

viloma : (adj.) opposing; disagreeing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Viloma, (adj.) (vi+loma) against the grain (lit. against the hair), discrepant, reversed, wrong, unnatural Vin. II, 115 (of cīvara: unsightly); J. III, 113; Dpvs VII. 55; DhA. I, 379; PvA. 87. (Page 636)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vilōma (विलोम).—a (S vi Against, lōma Hair.) Reverse, opposite, contrary, backward, against the hair (grain). 2 That is produced or born in the reverse order. Applied esp. to the mixed tribes--to the offspring of a Kshatriya-man with a Brahmanwoman, of a Vaishya-man with a Kshatriyawoman, and thus downwards, the female parent being of higher caste than the male.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vilōma (विलोम).—a Reverse, contrary, against the hair (grain).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viloma (विलोम).—a. (- f.)

1) Inverted, inverse, contrary, opposite.

2) Produced in the reverse order.

3) Backward.

4) Hairless.

5) Refractory.

-maḥ 1 Reverse order, inversion.

2) A dog.

3) A snake.

4) Name of Varuṇa.

-mam A waterwheel, machine for raising water from a well.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viloma (विलोम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mī-maṃ) Reverse, opposite, contrary, backward, against the hair. m.

(-maḥ) 1. Reverse, opposite course or order, &c. 2. A snake. 3. Varuna, regent of the waters. 4. A dog. n.

(-maṃ) A water-wheel, or machine for raising water. f. (-mī) Emblic myrobalan. E. vi implying difference, &c., and loma the hair of the body; also with kan added vilomaka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viloma (विलोम).—[adjective] against the hair or grain, contrary, refractory.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viloma (विलोम):—[=vi-loma] [from vi] a See sub voce

2) [=vi-loma] b mf(ā)n. ([from] 3. vi + loman) against the hair or grain, turned the wrong way, inverted, contrary to the usual or proper course, opposed (pavana-vil, ‘turned against the wind’; am ind., ‘backwards’), [Gopatha-brāhmaṇa; Varāha-mihira; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

3) [v.s. ...] produced in reverse order, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] refractory, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] hairless (See below)

6) [v.s. ...] m. reverse order, opposite course, reverse, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] a snake, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a dog, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of Varuṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [=vi-loma] n. a water-wheel or machine for raising water from a well, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viloma (विलोम):—[vi-loma] (maḥ-mī-maṃ) a. Against the hair or grain; reverse, contrary. m. Reverse course; a snake; Varuna; a dog. f. Emblic myrobalan. n. Water wheel.

[Sanskrit to German]

Viloma in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Viloma (विलोम) [Also spelled vilom]:—(a and nm) reverse; converse; contrary; antonym; —[kriyā] inverse operation; ~[jāta] born in the reverse order (i.e. born feetlong); ~[ta]: conversely; ~[] reversion; contrariety; converseness; antonymousness; —[śabda] an antonym; a word having opposite meaning; [vilomita] reversed; conversed.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vilōma (ವಿಲೋಮ):—

1) [adjective] turned the wrong way; inverted; contrary to the usual or proper course.

2) [adjective] unfavourable; harmful; adverse.

3) [adjective] having no hair; bald.

--- OR ---

Vilōma (ವಿಲೋಮ):—

1) [noun] the quality or condition of being inverted or contrary to the usual, proper course.

2) [noun] a dog.

3) [noun] a snake.

4) [noun] a device operated manually or drawn by a pair of oxen, for drawing water from a well.

5) [noun] a slower tempo, which takes the two times the normal tempo (musical time-unit) for singing the same lyrical portion.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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