Vilepana: 15 definitions


Vilepana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vilepana (विलेपन, “plastering”) refers to rule used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “Vilepana [refers to] Plastering of Savya, Vāma and Ūrdhvaka”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Vilepana (विलेपन) or Gandha refers to “fragrant sandal paste” and represents one of the various upacāras (offerings), in pūjā (ritual worship), as defined in the Śaivāgamas.—Pūjā consists of offering hospitality, in the form of water to wash the feet, to drink, water for ablutions, offering a bath, new clothes, fragrant unguents, fragrant flowers and ornaments, food and so on. Each step in the pūjā process is called “saṃskāra” and each offering is called “upacāra” [viz., Vilepana].

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vilepana (विलेपन) refers to “(fragrant) paste”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] I will now speak of the rules of the arghya (offering) to be presented to Agastya as stated by the Ṛṣis. [...] When the darkness of the night should just begin to be broken by streaks of red light from the eastern horizon, princes, previously prepared for the purpose, ought to offer their arghya to Agastya by pouring it on the Earth in the direction of the star Canopus rising in the south-east as will be pointed out by the astronomer. The offering to be made by princes in honor of Agastya shall consist of the fragrant flowers of the season, of fruits, of precious stones, of gold cloths, of cows, of bulls, of well-cooked rice, of sweet-meats, of curdled milk, of colored rice, of perfumed smoke and fragrant paste [i.e., vilepanasurabhidhūpavilepanaiśca]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Vilepana (विलेपन) refers to “(showering) unguents”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] Then, by the unconditioned magical power of manifestation, by the miraculous performances (vikrīḍita) of the Buddha [Ekaratnavyūha], [Gaganagañja with the other Bodhisattvas] teleported from the Mahāvyūha universe to the Sahā universe, in one moment of thought, and sat down there. They showered flowers, garlands, powders, perfumes, unguents (vilepana), parasols, banners, flags from the Mahāvyūha universe pouring down as rain”

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Vilepana (विलेपन) refers to “ointments” (suitable for worship), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after the Bhagavān entered the assembly of Nāgas], “Then the great Nāga king Samantākāracchatrākaraparikara arose from his seat, arranged his outer robe on one shoulder, placed his right knee on the ground, approached the Bhagavān and, having bowed down at his feet, circumambulated him three times, and worshipped the Bhagavān with different flowers, fragrances, garlands, ointments [e.g., nānā-vilepana], ornaments and cloths. Having worshipped him, he sat down in front of him”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vilepana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vilepana : (nt.) ointment; cosmetic; toilet perfume.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vilepana, (nt.) (vi+lepana) ointment, cosmetic, toilet perfume A. I, 107, 212; II, 209; Th. 1, 616 (sīlaṃ v. seṭṭhaṃ. Cp. J. III, 290); Pug. 51, 58; Pv. II, 316; DA. I, 77, 88. (Page 636)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vilepana (विलेपन).—

1) Smearing, anointing.

2) An ointment, unguent, any cosmetic or perfume for the body (such as saffron, sandal &c.); न स्नानं न विलेपनं न कुसुमं नालंकृता मूर्धजाः (na snānaṃ na vilepanaṃ na kusumaṃ nālaṃkṛtā mūrdhajāḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.19; यान्येव सुरभिकुसुमधूपविलेपनादीनि (yānyeva surabhikusumadhūpavilepanādīni) K.

Derivable forms: vilepanam (विलेपनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vilepanā (विलेपना).—(otherwise only °na, nt.), unguent: °nāṃ gṛhītvā Lalitavistara 49.8 and 50.12, both verses, but note that °naṃ is as good metrical(ly); all mss. with text; °nā ca kṣipiṣus Lalitavistara 282.16 (verse), so Lefm. em., read with ms. A °nāś (other mss. °nāṃś, as if m.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vilepana (विलेपन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Perfume of the person, unguent or oil of Sandal, saffron, camphor, bdellium, &c. 2. Smearing the body with fragrant oils, &c. 2. Plastering. f. (-nī) 1. A woman adorned with perfumes, &c. 2. Rice-gruel. E. vi before lip to smear, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vilepana (विलेपन).—i. e. vi-lip + ana, I. n. 1. Anointing the body with fragrant substances, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 198, 8. 2. Ointment, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 96, M.M. 3. Plastering. Ii. f. . 1. A woman adorned with perfumes. 2. Rice-gruel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vilepana (विलेपन):—[=vi-lepana] [from vi-lepa > vi-lip] n. smearing, anointing ([especially] with fragrant oils etc.), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Kathāsaritsāgara; Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc. f(ā). ), unguent, ointment, perfume for the person (as saffron, camphor etc.), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a [particular] mythical weapon, [Rāmāyaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vilepana (विलेपन):—[vi-lepana] (naṃ) 1. n. Unguent; a perfuming; plastering. f. Woman perfumed; rice gruel.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vilepana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vilēpana (ವಿಲೇಪನ):—

1) [noun] the act, process or an instance of perfuming the body.

2) [noun] any perfume used for this purpose.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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