Vikurvana, Vikurvāṇa: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Vikurvana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Vikurvana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Vikurvaṇa (विकुर्वण) or Vikurvaṇabala refers to “magical power”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 22, v2).—Accordingly, “The Bodhisattva-mahāsattva has an entourage consisting only of Bodhisattvas.—[Those who surround the bodhisattva of the ninth ground (sādhumatī-bhūmi)] are wise men, good men who, from lifetime to lifetime have accumulated merit. In the present passage, the Buddha himself says that the entourage is composed solely of Bodhisattvas. Thus, it is said in the Pou-k’o-sseu-yi king [Acintyasūtra, or Gaṇḍavyūha) that Kiu-p’i-ye (Gopiyā or Gopā) was a great Bodhisattva. The whole entourage is in the level of the non-regressing Bodhisattvas. These Bodhisattvas, by the magical power (vikurvaṇa-bala) of the concentration of means, change into men (puruṣa) or women (strī) and together form the entourage of the Bodhisattva of the ninth ground]. They are like the treasurer-jewel of a Cakravartin king: he is a Yakṣa or an Asura, but he takes the form of a man in order to work with men”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Vikurvaṇa (विकुर्वण) refers to “(having obtained) miracle”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] However the Bodhisattva, having overcome sixty-two doctrinal viewpoints derived from the root view that there is a permanent substance, produces the supernormal knowledge in the absence of any attachment of view; [...] he, having seen all forms, having heard all words, and having entered into the whole thought, recollects innumerable aeons; having obtained miracle (vikurvaṇa) which is the cessation of the sullied states through all his magical powers, he attains the mastery of all considerations with discrimination as much as there is the discrimination of mind; and thus, according to the all dharmas, he is established in non-effort. In that way, son of good family, the Bodhisattva never turns back from his supernormal knowledges controls all dharmas. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vikurvana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikurvāṇa (विकुर्वाण).—a.

1) Undergoing or causing a change; वायोरपि विकुर्वाणाद्विरोचिष्णु तमोनुदम् (vāyorapi vikurvāṇādvirociṣṇu tamonudam) Ms.1.77.

2) Feeling glad, delighted, rejoiced.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vikurvaṇa (विकुर्वण).—nt. (= Pali vikubbana; n. act. to vikur- vati; compare Sanskrit vikurvaṇaḥ, Mbh 13.1244, name of Śiva, doubt- less semi-MIndic to vikurvati as n.ag., Miracle-worker; not with either [Boehtlingk and Roth] or Nīlak.; see also next items), miracle: dharmacakra-pravartana-vikurvaṇasya praveśaṃ (? Tibetan phyogs, app. = pradeśaṃ, region! but better read pra- kāśaṃ with most and best mss.) śrotukāmās Lalitavistara 422.9; samantajñānavikurvaṇa ity ucyate 427.7, he (Buddha) is called one who possesses the miracle of complete knowledge; especially of Buddha's miracles, Daśabhūmikasūtra 8.21 (buddha-vi°); 16.15; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 7.21 (buddha-vi°); or bodhisattva-vi° (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 1.8; °ṇa-balam Mahāvyutpatti 767, one of the 10 bodhisattva-bala; printed °nam Samādhirājasūtra p. 5 line 18; of all Tathāgatas (as part of their life pattern) Gaṇḍavyūha 15.8.

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Vikurvaṇā (विकुर्वणा).—(= Pali vikubbanā) = prec. and vikurvā: °ṇā-dharmiṇaṃ (acc. sg.) Lalitavistara 16.1 (prose), characterized by magic performances, of the cakravartin's elephant-jewel; (bodhisattvasya…)-vikurvaṇāḥ (misprinted °vāṇaḥ) saṃ- darśayataḥ Gaṇḍavyūha 504.20 (prose), displaying miracles; pra- bhāva-°ṇā bodhisattvānāṃ Bodhisattvabhūmi 332.11 (prose); ṛddhi- vikurvaṇā Aṣṭasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 508.20 (prose; of a bodhisattva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikurvāṇa (विकुर्वाण) or Vikurvvāṇa.—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Joyful, cheerful, happy. 2. Undergoing or making a change of form, &c. E. vi before, kṛ to do, śānac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vikurvaṇa (विकुर्वण):—[=vi-kurvaṇa] a vāṇa See [column]3.

2) [=vi-kurvaṇa] [from vi-kṛ] b m. ([probably] for vi-kurvāṇa) Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata xiii, 1244]

3) [v.s. ...] n. and f(ā). the ability to assume various shapes, [Buddhist literature]

4) Vikurvāṇa (विकुर्वाण):—[=vi-kurvāṇa] [from vi-kurvaṇa > vi-kṛ] mfn. undergoing a change, modifying one’s self, [Manu-smṛti i, 77]

5) [v.s. ...] rejoicing, being glad, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vikurvaṇa (विकुर्वण):—[vi-kurvaṇa] (ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a. Modified, changed.

2) Vikurvāṇa (विकुर्वाण):—[vi-kurvāṇa] (ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a. Idem; joyful, happy.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vikurvaṇā (विकुर्वणा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Viuvvaṇayā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vikurvana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vikurvana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vikurvāṇa (ವಿಕುರ್ವಾಣ):—

1) [adjective] affecting, changing, influencing the mind.

2) [adjective] enjoying; getting pleasure; relishing.

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Vikurvāṇa (ವಿಕುರ್ವಾಣ):—[noun] a man having great pleasure.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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