Vikirna, Vikīrṇa: 14 definitions


Vikirna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vikirn.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vikīrṇa (विकीर्ण) refers to the “scattering” (of the moon-light), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.18 (“Description of the perturbation caused by Kāma”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “After going there, the haughty Kāma, deluded by Śiva’s magic power, stationed himself, after first spreading the enchanting power of Spring all around. [...] O sage, diverse sounds of the hummings of the bees rang sweet in the ears of everyone heightening temptations of love. The bright light of the moon scattered [i.e., vikīrṇa] all around appeared to be the emissary of lovers and their beloveds. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vikīrṇa (विकीर्ण).—A river of the Ketumālā country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 17.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vikīrṇa (विकीर्ण).—A fault in the utterance of a vowel when one vowel appears, or is heard as another; cf.विकीर्णो वर्णान्तरे प्रसृतः । एकोप्यनेकनिर्भासीत्यपरे (vikīrṇo varṇāntare prasṛtaḥ | ekopyanekanirbhāsītyapare) Pradipa on the Mahabhasya Ahn. 1 end.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vikīrṇa (विकीर्ण) refers to “(having) scattered (rays)” and is used to describe certain types of Ketus (i.e., luminous bodies such as comets and meteors), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The comets that resemble the flaming fire or a garland are 120 in number. They are the sons of Agni and are named Viśvarūpa Ketus. When they appear there will be fear from fire. The comets that are dark-red in colour, without disc, presenting the appearance of Cāmara and with scattered rays [i.e., vikīrṇa-dīdhiti] are named Aruṇa Ketus. They are the sons of Vāyu (the wind) and are 77 in number; when they appear mankind will feel miserable”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vikīrṇa (विकीर्ण).—p S Scattered, dispersed, diffused, spread abroad.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vikīrṇa (विकीर्ण).—f Scattered, diffused.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikīrṇa (विकीर्ण).—p. p.

1) Scattered, dispersed.

2) Diffused.

3) Celebrated.

4) Dishevelled (as hair).

-rṇam A particular fault in pronouncing vowels.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikīrṇa (विकीर्ण).—mfn.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) 1. Scattered, extended, diffused. 2. Celebrated, famous. E. vi implying extension, kṛ to scatter, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikīrṇa (विकीर्ण).—[adjective] scattered, dispersed; spread, covered with, full of (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vikīrṇa (विकीर्ण):—[=vi-kīrṇa] [from vi-kṝ] mfn. scattered, thrown about, dispersed etc.

2) [v.s. ...] dishevelled (as hair), [Kumāra-sambhava] (cf. [compound])

3) [v.s. ...] filled with, full of ([compound]), [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] celebrated, famous, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] n. a [particular] fault in the pronunciation of vowels, [Patañjali]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikīrṇa (विकीर्ण):—[vi-kīrṇa] (rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) a. Scattered, diffused; celebrated.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vikīrṇa (विकीर्ण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Viiṇṇa, Vikiṇṇa, Vikinna, Vikkhiria.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vikirna in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vikīrṇa (विकीर्ण) [Also spelled vikirn]:—(a) diffused, scattered; disseminated; ~[na] diffusion, scattering; dissemination.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vikīrṇa (ವಿಕೀರ್ಣ):—

1) [adjective] spread over a wide.

2) [adjective] spread throughout, dispersed all over.

3) [adjective] wide; broad; extending over a area.

4) [adjective] divided lengthwise; split.

5) [adjective] famous; renowned.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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