Vikata, Vikaṭa, Vikaṭā: 28 definitions
Vikata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Vikat.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Vikaṭā (विकटा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Dhvaja, the fourth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Vikaṭā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Vikaṭa (विकट):—One of the persons joining Śiva during the preparations of the war between Śankhacūḍa and the Devas, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa (9.20.22-53). All persons attending were remained seated on beautiful aerial cars, built of jewels and gems. The war was initiated by Puṣpadanta (messenger of Śiva) who was ordered to restore the rights of the Devas. .Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Vikaṭa (विकट) refers to “furious”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “That, O goddess, is said to be the subtle (form), now listen to the gross one. [...] The great conch (she holds) makes her proud and the beauty of her crown enhances her beauty. (She is) adorned with a garland of severed heads that extends from the soles of the feet up to (her) neck. She drips with the blood that flows (from the heads) and is fatigued by the weight of her (dangling) rocking hair. Very fierce, she destroys (the universe) by licking (it up). She has big teeth and a thin stomach. She has long (dangling) breasts and a large chest. Her furious form [i.e., vikaṭa-ākṛti] is (lean) without flesh. She has six faces and twelve arms and her back is slightly bent”.Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
Vikaṭa (विकट) or Vikaṭatantra refers to one of the twenty Bhūtatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Vikaṭa-tantra belonging to the Bhūta class.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Vikaṭa (विकट).—A brother of Prahasta. (See under Akampana).
2) Vikaṭa (विकट).—A character in the story of Pañcatantra. (See under Pañcatantra).
3) Vikaṭa (विकट).—(VIKAṬĀNANA). One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. In the Bhārata-battle, fourteen sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra joined together and wounded Bhīmasena. Vikaṭa was one of them. This Vikaṭa was killed by Bhīmasena. (Mahābhārata, Karṇa Parva, Chapter 51).
4) Vikaṭā (विकटा).—A giantess in the harem of Rāvaṇa. She tried to entice Sītā for Rāvaṇa. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Sundara Kāṇḍa, Sarga 23, Stanza 15).Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Vikaṭa (विकट) is used as an epithet for Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to Vāma, Vāmarūpa, Vāmanetra, Aghora, the great lord and the Vikaṭa. Obeisance to Tatpuruṣa, to Nātha, the ancient Puruṣa, the bestower of the four aims of life, Vratin, and Parameṣṭhin. Obeisance to you, Īśānas, Īśvara, Brahman, of the form of Brahman, the Supreme Soul”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Vikaṭa (विकट).—A Vānara chief.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 232 and 238.
1b) A commander of Bhaṇḍa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 21. 78.
2) Vikaṭā (विकटा).—A śakti.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 73.
Vikaṭa (विकट) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.3) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vikaṭa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
1) Vikaṭa (विकट) is the name of a warrior who fought on Sūryaprabha’s side but was slain by Kālakampana, who participated in the war on Śrutaśarman side, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly: “... and again [after slaying many warriors] he [Kālakampana] slew five others that met him in fight, Bhīma, Bhīṣaṇa, Kumbhīra, Vikaṭa and Vilocana.”.
The story of Vikaṭa was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.
2) Vikaṭa (विकट) is the name of a swan (haṃsa), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 59. Accordingly, “... there was in a certain lake a tortoise, named Kambugrīva, and he had two swans for friends, Vikaṭa and Saṅkaṭa. Once on a time the lake was dried up by drought, and they wanted to go to another lake..”.
The story of Vikaṭa was narrated in order to demonstrate that “people must follow good advice, otherwise they will be ruined”, in other words, that “a person who lets go common sense will be ruined”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vikaṭa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
A mountain near Himava. Ap.i.227.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Vikaṭā (विकटा) refers to one of the eight wisdoms (vidyās) described in the ‘śrīheruka-utpatti’ chapter of the 9th-century Vajrāmṛtatantra or Vajrāmṛtamahātantra: one of the main and earliest Buddhist Yoginītantras. Chapter 8 contains the description of how to visualise Śrīheruka [...] The great Vajra-holder should summon the Glorious form of Heruka, who is devouring the Devas together with Indra, Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and Śiva. Then the text lists the eight Wisdoms (vidyā) [viz., Vikaṭā], [...], expounds the words that the practitioner has to mutter when he is pushed by these wisdoms [...].
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)
Vikaṭa (विकट) is the name of an ancient king from Potanapura and previous incarnation of Puruṣasiṃha, according to chapter 4.5 [dharmanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly:—“When sixteen vārdhis (sāgaras) of his life as a god had passed, there was a king, named Vikaṭa, in Potanapura just here (in Bharata). He was conquered on the battle-field by King Rājasiṃha by the strength of his arm, like an elephant by an elephant. From shame at this defeat he gave the kingdom to his son, left, and took the vow at the feet of Atibhūti. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Biology (plants and animals)
Vikata in India is the name of a plant defined with Ammannia baccifera in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ammannia baccifera Roth (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· African Journal of Biomedical Research (2007)
· Taxon (1982)
· Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie (1880)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Botanical Magazine, or ‘Flower-Garden Displayed’ (Tokyo) (1921)
· Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles (1916)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Vikata, for example diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, health benefits, side effects, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
vikata : (pp. of vikaroti) undone; altered. || vikaṭa (adj.), changed; altered. (nt.) filth; dirt.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Vikaṭa, (vi+kata, of kṛ) changed, altered, distorted; disgusting, foul, filthy Pgdp 63 (°ānana with filthy mouth).—nt. filth, dirt; four mahā-vikaṭāni applied against snake-bite, viz. gūtha, mutta, chārikā, mattikā Vin. I, 206.—Cp. vekaṭika.
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Vikata, changed, altered Vin. I, 194 (gihi-vikata changed by the g.) (Page 612)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
vikaṭa (विकट).—a S Formidable, frightful, hideous, of terrific appearance.
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vikata (विकत).—ad vikatā ad decl (vikaṇēṃ) By or in sale or purchase;--used with verbs of giving, taking, getting &c.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vikaṭa (विकट).—a Formidable, frightful.
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vikata (विकत) [-tā, -ता].—ad By or in sale or purchase.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Hideous, ugly.
2) (a) Formidable, frightful, horrible, dreadful; पृथुललाटतटघटितविकटभ्रूकुटिना (pṛthulalāṭataṭaghaṭitavikaṭabhrūkuṭinā) Ve.1; विधुमिव विकटविधुन्तुददन्तदलनगलितामृतधारम् (vidhumiva vikaṭavidhuntudadantadalanagalitāmṛtadhāram) Gītagovinda 4. (b) Fierce, savage.
3) Great, large, broad, spacious, wide; जृम्भाविटम्बि विकटोदरमस्तु चापम् (jṛmbhāviṭambi vikaṭodaramastu cāpam) Uttararāmacarita 4.3; आवरिष्ट विकटेन विवोढुर्वक्षसैव कुचमण्डलमन्या (āvariṣṭa vikaṭena vivoḍhurvakṣasaiva kucamaṇḍalamanyā) Śiśupālavadha 1.42;13.1; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 7.
4) Proud, haughty; विकटं परिक्रामति (vikaṭaṃ parikrāmati) Uttararāmacarita 6; Mv.6.32.
5) Beautiful; Mṛcchakaṭika 2; किन्नरीविकटगीतिझङ्कृतिः (kinnarīvikaṭagītijhaṅkṛtiḥ) N.18.19; cf. 'विकटः सुन्दरे प्रोक्तो विशालविकरालयोः (vikaṭaḥ sundare prokto viśālavikarālayoḥ)'-Viśwakośa.
8) Changed in appearance.
-ṭaḥ Name of Gaṇeśa; लम्बोदरश्च विकटो विघ्ननाशो विनायकः (lambodaraśca vikaṭo vighnanāśo vināyakaḥ) Gaṇeśa S.
-ṭam 1 A boil, tumour.
3) White arsenic.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Vikaṭa (विकट).—name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 75.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṭaḥ-ṭā-ṭaṃ) 1. Large, great, broad. 2. For midable, frightful, hideous, horrible. 3. Large-toothed. 4. Beautiful, pleasing. 5. Changed in form or appearance. 6. Obscure, obsolete. n.
(-ṭaṃ) A boil, a tumour. f.
(-ṭā) A female divinity peculiar to the Baud'dhas. E. vi implying separation or expansion, kaṭ to go or be, aff. ac, or with kaṭac aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vikaṭa (विकट).—I. adj. 1. Large, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 118, 6. 2. Large-toothed. 3. Knitted (as the brows), [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 85, 15; formidable, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 150, 13; hideous. 4. Obsolete, obscure. 5. Changed in form or appearance. 6. Beautiful. 7. i. e. vi-kaṭa, Without a mat, [Nala] 10, 6. Ii. n. A tumour. Iii. m. A proper name, [Pañcatantra] 76, 7.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vikaṭa (विकट).—1. [adjective] exceeding the usual measure, huge, monstrous, hideous, wicked, bad; [neuter] [adverb] [masculine] [Name] of [several] men & a gander.
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Vikaṭa (विकट).—2. [adjective] having no mat or bed.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vikaṭa (विकट):—[=vi-kaṭa] [from vi] 1. vi-kaṭa mfn. (for 2. See sub voce) having no mat, without a mat, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
2) [=vi-kaṭa] 2. vi-kaṭa mf(ā or ī)n. ([probably] Prākṛt for vi-kṛta cf. ut-, pra-k etc.; for 1. vi-kaṭa See p. 949, col. 3) having an unusual size or aspect, horrible, dreadful, monstrous, huge, large, great, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (am ind. terribly)
3) [v.s. ...] unusually handsome, [Rāmāyaṇa; Chandomañjarī]
4) [v.s. ...] large-toothed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] knitted (as brows), frowning, [Prabodha-candrodaya]
6) [v.s. ...] obscure, obsolete, [Horace H. Wilson]
7) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of plant or fruit, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata]
9) [v.s. ...] of one of the attendants of Skanda, [ib.]
10) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) [v.s. ...] of a mythical person, [Kathāsaritsāgara]
12) [v.s. ...] of a goose, [ib.; Pañcatantra]
13) Vikaṭā (विकटा):—[=vi-kaṭā] [from vi-kaṭa] f. a bandy-legged girl (unfit for marriage), [Āpastamba-gṛhya-sūtra]
14) [v.s. ...] Name of the mother of Gautama Buddha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) [v.s. ...] of a female divinity peculiar to Buddhists, [Horace H. Wilson]
16) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasī, [Rāmāyaṇa]
17) Vikaṭa (विकट):—[=vi-kaṭa] n. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) white arsenic
18) [v.s. ...] sandal
19) [v.s. ...] a peculiar attitude in sitting, a boil, tumourSource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vikaṭa (विकट):—[vi-kaṭa] (ṭaḥ-ṭā-ṭaṃ) a. Large; frightful; pleasing; altered; obsolete. f. A Jaina divinity. n. A boil.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Vikaṭa (विकट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Viaḍa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Vikaṭa (विकट) [Also spelled vikat]:—(a) horrible, dreadful, frightful; monstrous; formidable; hence ~[tā] (nf).
1) [adjective] unpleasing to look at; aesthetically offensive or unattractive; ugly.
2) [adjective] having an unusual size or aspect; unusu. huge or large.
3) [adjective] horrible; dreadful; monstrous.
4) [adjective] cruel; wicked; evil; brutal.
5) [adjective] haughtily proud; disdainfully arrogant.
6) [adjective] unusu. handsome.
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1) [noun] the quality of being ugly; ugliness.
2) [noun] the quality or fact of being crooked; crookedness.
3) [noun] an ugly-looking man.
4) [noun] the quality of being excellent or superior; excellence; superiority.
5) [noun] the act of mocking or ridiculing; mockery; ridicule.
6) [noun] (dance.) a kind of dance presentation by a dancer (weariang various kinds of constumes and make-up) having thythmic movement of limbs without words and dramatic moods or sentiments.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+31): Vikatabamdha, Vikatabha, Vikatabhojana, Vikatadamshtrin, Vikatadamshtrina, Vikatadvija, Vikatadvijaganesha, Vikatadvijavighnesha, Vikatadvijavinayaka, Vikatagatra, Vikatagatre, Vikataghora, Vikatagrama, Vikataka, Vikatakajja, Vikatakataksha, Vikatakavi, Vikatakavitva, Vikatakhokala, Vikatakriti.
Ends with: Akatavikata, Akatovikata, Anavikata, Ativikata, Avikata, Kavikata, Pravikata, Yathavadbhavikata, Yavadbhavikata, Yavajjivikata.
Full-text (+67): Viada, Ativikata, Vaikatika, Vikatam, Vekata, Tejanin, Avakata, Vikatanana, Vikatagrama, Vikatanitamba, Vikatavarman, Vikatavadana, Vikatashringa, Vikatatva, Vikatamurti, Vikatavishana, Vikaroti, Mauta, Vikataka, Vikatakriti.
Search found 19 books and stories containing Vikata, Vikaṭa, Vikaṭā, Vi-kata, Vi-kaṭa, Vi-kaṭā; (plurals include: Vikatas, Vikaṭas, Vikaṭās, katas, kaṭas, kaṭās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.3.36 < [Part 3 - Involuntary Ecstatic Expressions (sattvika-bhāva)]
Verse 4.3.21 < [Part 3 - Chivalry (vīrya-rasa)]
Verse 2.5.65 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 8: Previous birth of Puruṣasiṃha < [Chapter V - Śrī Dharmanāthacaritra]
Part 11: Birth of Puruṣasiṃha < [Chapter V - Śrī Dharmanāthacaritra]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CLXXXVIII < [Swayamvara Parva]
Section 51 < [Karna Parva]
Section LXIV < [Bhagavat-Gita Parva]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 46 - Vīreśvara (vīra-īśvara-liṅga) < [Section 2 - Caturaśīti-liṅga-māhātmya]
Chapter 83 - Manifestation of Vīreśvara < [Section 2 - Uttarārdha]
Chapter 22 - Installation of the Deities < [Section 2 - Dharmāraṇya-khaṇḍa]