Vikata, Vikaṭa, Vikaṭā: 21 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vikata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā

Vikaṭā (विकटा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Dhvaja, the fourth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Vikaṭā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Vikaṭa (विकट):—One of the persons joining Śiva during the preparations of the war between Śankhacūḍa and the Devas, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa (9.20.22-53). All persons attending were remained seated on beautiful aerial cars, built of jewels and gems. The war was initiated by Puṣpadanta (messenger of Śiva) who was ordered to restore the rights of the Devas. .

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Vikaṭa (विकट) or Vikaṭatantra refers to one of the twenty Bhūtatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Vikaṭa-tantra belonging to the Bhūta class.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vikaṭa (विकट).—A brother of Prahasta. (See under Akampana).

2) Vikaṭa (विकट).—A character in the story of Pañcatantra. (See under Pañcatantra).

3) Vikaṭa (विकट).—(VIKAṬĀNANA). One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. In the Bhārata-battle, fourteen sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra joined together and wounded Bhīmasena. Vikaṭa was one of them. This Vikaṭa was killed by Bhīmasena. (Mahābhārata, Karṇa Parva, Chapter 51).

4) Vikaṭā (विकटा).—A giantess in the harem of Rāvaṇa. She tried to entice Sītā for Rāvaṇa. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Sundara Kāṇḍa, Sarga 23, Stanza 15).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vikaṭa (विकट).—A Vānara chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 232 and 238.

1b) A commander of Bhaṇḍa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 21. 78.

2) Vikaṭā (विकटा).—A śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 73.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vikaṭa (विकट) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.3) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vikaṭa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Vikaṭa (विकट) is the name of a warrior who fought on Sūryaprabha’s side but was slain by Kālakampana, who participated in the war on Śrutaśarman side, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly: “... and again [after slaying many warriors] he [Kālakampana] slew five others that met him in fight, Bhīma, Bhīṣaṇa, Kumbhīra, Vikaṭa and Vilocana.”.

The story of Vikaṭa was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

2) Vikaṭa (विकट) is the name of a swan (haṃsa), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 59. Accordingly, “... there was in a certain lake a tortoise, named Kambugrīva, and he had two swans for friends, Vikaṭa and Saṅkaṭa. Once on a time the lake was dried up by drought, and they wanted to go to another lake..”.

The story of Vikaṭa was narrated in order to demonstrate that “people must follow good advice, otherwise they will be ruined”, in other words, that “a person who lets go common sense will be ruined”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vikaṭa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A mountain near Himava. Ap.i.227.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Fragment of the Vajrāmṛtamahātantra

Vikaṭā (विकटा) refers to one of the eight wisdoms (vidyās) described in the ‘śrīheruka-utpatti’ chapter of the 9th-century Vajrāmṛtatantra or Vajrāmṛtamahātantra: one of the main and earliest Buddhist Yoginītantras. Chapter 8 contains the description of how to visualise Śrīheruka [...] The great Vajra-holder should summon the Glorious form of Heruka, who is devouring the Devas together with Indra, Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and Śiva. Then the text lists the eight Wisdoms (vidyā) [viz., Vikaṭā], [...], expounds the words that the practitioner has to mutter when he is pushed by these wisdoms [...].

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vikata : (pp. of vikaroti) undone; altered. || vikaṭa (adj.), changed; altered. (nt.) filth; dirt.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vikaṭa, (vi+kata, of kṛ) changed, altered, distorted; disgusting, foul, filthy Pgdp 63 (°ānana with filthy mouth).—nt. filth, dirt; four mahā-vikaṭāni applied against snake-bite, viz. gūtha, mutta, chārikā, mattikā Vin. I, 206.—Cp. vekaṭika.

— or —

Vikata, changed, altered Vin. I, 194 (gihi-vikata changed by the g.) (Page 612)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vikaṭa (विकट).—a S Formidable, frightful, hideous, of terrific appearance.

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vikata (विकत).—ad vikatā ad decl (vikaṇēṃ) By or in sale or purchase;--used with verbs of giving, taking, getting &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vikaṭa (विकट).—a Formidable, frightful.

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vikata (विकत) [-tā, -ता].—ad By or in sale or purchase.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikaṭa (विकट).—a.

1) Hideous, ugly.

2) (a) Formidable, frightful, horrible, dreadful; पृथुललाटतटघटितविकटभ्रूकुटिना (pṛthulalāṭataṭaghaṭitavikaṭabhrūkuṭinā) Ve.1; विधुमिव विकटविधुन्तुददन्तदलनगलितामृतधारम् (vidhumiva vikaṭavidhuntudadantadalanagalitāmṛtadhāram) Gīt.4. (b) Fierce, savage.

3) Great, large, broad, spacious, wide; जृम्भाविटम्बि विकटोदरमस्तु चापम् (jṛmbhāviṭambi vikaṭodaramastu cāpam) U.4.3; आवरिष्ट विकटेन विवोढुर्वक्षसैव कुचमण्डलमन्या (āvariṣṭa vikaṭena vivoḍhurvakṣasaiva kucamaṇḍalamanyā) Śi.1.42;13.1; Māl.7.

4) Proud, haughty; विकटं परिक्रामति (vikaṭaṃ parikrāmati) U.6; Mv.6.32.

5) Beautiful; Mk.2; किन्नरीविकटगीतिझङ्कृतिः (kinnarīvikaṭagītijhaṅkṛtiḥ) N.18.19; cf. 'विकटः सुन्दरे प्रोक्तो विशालविकरालयोः (vikaṭaḥ sundare prokto viśālavikarālayoḥ)'-Viśwakośa.

6) Frowning.

7) Obscure.

8) Changed in appearance.

9) Large-toothed.

-ṭaḥ Name of Gaṇeśa; लम्बोदरश्च विकटो विघ्ननाशो विनायकः (lambodaraśca vikaṭo vighnanāśo vināyakaḥ) Gaṇeśa S.

-ṭam 1 A boil, tumour.

2) Sandal.

3) White arsenic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vikaṭa (विकट).—name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 75.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikaṭa (विकट).—mfn.

(-ṭaḥ-ṭā-ṭaṃ) 1. Large, great, broad. 2. For midable, frightful, hideous, horrible. 3. Large-toothed. 4. Beautiful, pleasing. 5. Changed in form or appearance. 6. Obscure, obsolete. n.

(-ṭaṃ) A boil, a tumour. f.

(-ṭā) A female divinity peculiar to the Baud'dhas. E. vi implying separation or expansion, kaṭ to go or be, aff. ac, or with kaṭac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikaṭa (विकट).—I. adj. 1. Large, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 118, 6. 2. Large-toothed. 3. Knitted (as the brows), [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 85, 15; formidable, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 150, 13; hideous. 4. Obsolete, obscure. 5. Changed in form or appearance. 6. Beautiful. 7. i. e. vi-kaṭa, Without a mat, [Nala] 10, 6. Ii. n. A tumour. Iii. m. A proper name, [Pañcatantra] 76, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikaṭa (विकट).—1. [adjective] exceeding the usual measure, huge, monstrous, hideous, wicked, bad; [neuter] [adverb] [masculine] [Name] of [several] men & a gander.

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Vikaṭa (विकट).—2. [adjective] having no mat or bed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vikaṭa (विकट):—[=vi-kaṭa] [from vi] 1. vi-kaṭa mfn. (for 2. See sub voce) having no mat, without a mat, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) [=vi-kaṭa] 2. vi-kaṭa mf(ā or ī)n. ([probably] Prākṛt for vi-kṛta cf. ut-, pra-k etc.; for 1. vi-kaṭa See p. 949, col. 3) having an unusual size or aspect, horrible, dreadful, monstrous, huge, large, great, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (am ind. terribly)

3) [v.s. ...] unusually handsome, [Rāmāyaṇa; Chandomañjarī]

4) [v.s. ...] large-toothed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] knitted (as brows), frowning, [Prabodha-candrodaya]

6) [v.s. ...] obscure, obsolete, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of plant or fruit, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] of one of the attendants of Skanda, [ib.]

10) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] of a mythical person, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

12) [v.s. ...] of a goose, [ib.; Pañcatantra]

13) Vikaṭā (विकटा):—[=vi-kaṭā] [from vi-kaṭa] f. a bandy-legged girl (unfit for marriage), [Āpastamba-gṛhya-sūtra]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of the mother of Gautama Buddha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] of a female divinity peculiar to Buddhists, [Horace H. Wilson]

16) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasī, [Rāmāyaṇa]

17) Vikaṭa (विकट):—[=vi-kaṭa] n. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) white arsenic

18) [v.s. ...] sandal

19) [v.s. ...] a peculiar attitude in sitting, a boil, tumour

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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