Vikata, aka: Vikaṭa, Vikaṭā; 16 Definition(s)


Vikata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Vikaṭā (विकटा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Dhvaja, the fourth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (eg. Vikaṭā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Vikaṭa (विकट):—One of the persons joining Śiva during the preparations of the war between Śankhacūḍa and the Devas, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa (9.20.22-53). All persons attending were remained seated on beautiful aerial cars, built of jewels and gems. The war was initiated by Puṣpadanta (messenger of Śiva) who was ordered to restore the rights of the Devas. .

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Vikaṭa (विकट) or Vikaṭatantra refers to one of the twenty Bhūtatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Vikaṭa-tantra belonging to the Bhūta class.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vikata in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1) Vikaṭa (विकट).—A brother of Prahasta. (See under Akampana).

2) Vikaṭa (विकट).—A character in the story of Pañcatantra. (See under Pañcatantra).

3) Vikaṭa (विकट).—(VIKAṬĀNANA). One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. In the Bhārata-battle, fourteen sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra joined together and wounded Bhīmasena. Vikaṭa was one of them. This Vikaṭa was killed by Bhīmasena. (Mahābhārata, Karṇa Parva, Chapter 51).

4) Vikaṭā (विकटा).—A giantess in the harem of Rāvaṇa. She tried to entice Sītā for Rāvaṇa. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Sundara Kāṇḍa, Sarga 23, Stanza 15).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Vikaṭa (विकट).—A Vānara chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 232 and 238.

1b) A commander of Bhaṇḍa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 21. 78.

2) Vikaṭā (विकटा).—A śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 73.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vikaṭa (विकट) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.3) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vikaṭa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Vikata in Katha glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1) Vikaṭa (विकट) is the name of a warrior who fought on Sūryaprabha’s side but was slain by Kālakampana, who participated in the war on Śrutaśarman side, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly: “... and again [after slaying many warriors] he [Kālakampana] slew five others that met him in fight, Bhīma, Bhīṣaṇa, Kumbhīra, Vikaṭa and Vilocana.”.

The story of Vikaṭa was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

2) Vikaṭa (विकट) is the name of a swan (haṃsa), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 59. Accordingly, “... there was in a certain lake a tortoise, named Kambugrīva, and he had two swans for friends, Vikaṭa and Saṅkaṭa. Once on a time the lake was dried up by drought, and they wanted to go to another lake... ”.

The story of Vikaṭa was narrated in order to demonstrate that “people must follow good advice, otherwise they will be ruined”, in other words, that “a person who lets go common sense will be ruined”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vikaṭa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A mountain near Himava. Ap.i.227.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Vikaṭā (विकटा) refers to one of the eight wisdoms (vidyās) described in the ‘śrīheruka-utpatti’ chapter of the 9th-century Vajrāmṛtatantra or Vajrāmṛtamahātantra: one of the main and earliest Buddhist Yoginītantras. Chapter 8 contains the description of how to visualise Śrīheruka [...] The great Vajra-holder should summon the Glorious form of Heruka, who is devouring the Devas together with Indra, Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and Śiva. Then the text lists the eight Wisdoms (vidyā) [viz., Vikaṭā], [...], expounds the words that the practitioner has to mutter when he is pushed by these wisdoms [...].

Source: De Gruyter: A Fragment of the Vajrāmṛtamahātantra
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vikata in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vikata : (pp. of vikaroti) undone; altered. || vikaṭa (adj.), changed; altered. (nt.) filth; dirt.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vikaṭa, (vi+kata, of kṛ) changed, altered, distorted; disgusting, foul, filthy Pgdp 63 (°ānana with filthy mouth).—nt. filth, dirt; four mahā-vikaṭāni applied against snake-bite, viz. gūtha, mutta, chārikā, mattikā Vin. I, 206.—Cp. vekaṭika.

—bhojana filthy food D. I, 167; M. I, 79. (Page 611)

— or —

Vikata, changed, altered Vin. I, 194 (gihi-vikata changed by the g.) (Page 612)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vikaṭa (विकट).—a S Formidable, frightful, hideous, of terrific appearance.

--- OR ---

vikata (विकत).—ad vikatā ad decl (vikaṇēṃ) By or in sale or purchase;--used with verbs of giving, taking, getting &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vikaṭa (विकट).—a Formidable, frightful.

--- OR ---

vikata (विकत) [-tā, -ता].—ad By or in sale or purchase.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikaṭa (विकट).—a.

1) Hideous, ugly.

2) (a) Formidable, frightful, horrible, dreadful; पृथुललाटतटघटितविकटभ्रूकुटिना (pṛthulalāṭataṭaghaṭitavikaṭabhrūkuṭinā) Ve.1; विधुमिव विकटविधुन्तुददन्तदलनगलितामृतधारम् (vidhumiva vikaṭavidhuntudadantadalanagalitāmṛtadhāram) Gīt.4. (b) Fierce, savage.

3) Great, large, broad, spacious, wide; जृम्भाविटम्बि विकटोदरमस्तु चापम् (jṛmbhāviṭambi vikaṭodaramastu cāpam) U.4.3; आवरिष्ट विकटेन विवोढुर्वक्षसैव कुचमण्डलमन्या (āvariṣṭa vikaṭena vivoḍhurvakṣasaiva kucamaṇḍalamanyā) Śi.1.42;13.1; Māl.7.

4) Proud, haughty; विकटं परिक्रामति (vikaṭaṃ parikrāmati) U.6; Mv.6.32.

5) Beautiful; Mk.2; किन्नरीविकटगीतिझङ्कृतिः (kinnarīvikaṭagītijhaṅkṛtiḥ) N.18.19; cf. 'विकटः सुन्दरे प्रोक्तो विशालविकरालयोः (vikaṭaḥ sundare prokto viśālavikarālayoḥ)'-Viśwakośa.

6) Frowning.

7) Obscure.

8) Changed in appearance.

9) Large-toothed.

-ṭaḥ Name of Gaṇeśa; लम्बोदरश्च विकटो विघ्ननाशो विनायकः (lambodaraśca vikaṭo vighnanāśo vināyakaḥ) Gaṇeśa S.

-ṭam 1 A boil, tumour.

2) Sandal.

3) White arsenic.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikaṭa (विकट).—n. of a yakṣa: Māy 75.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vikaṭa (विकट).—mfn.

(-ṭaḥ-ṭā-ṭaṃ) 1. Large, great, broad. 2. For midable, frightful, hideous, horrible. 3. Large-toothed. 4. Beautiful, pleasing. 5. Changed in form or appearance. 6. Obscure, obsolete. n.

(-ṭaṃ) A boil, a tumour. f.

(-ṭā) A female divinity peculiar to the Baud'dhas. E. vi implying separation or expansion, kaṭ to go or be, aff. ac, or with kaṭac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Ākampana (आकम्पन).—n. (-naṃ) Shaking, trembling. E. āṅ before kapi to tremble, lyuṭ aff.
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