Vikasa, Vikāsa, Vikasha, Vikaṣā, Vikasā, Vikāśa, Vīkāśa: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Vikasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Vikaṣā and Vikāśa and Vīkāśa can be transliterated into English as Vikasa or Vikasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Cidgagana candrika a study

Vikāsa (विकास) refers to “expansion towards independence”, according to a comparative analysis of the Divyacakorika and Kramaprakāśika commentaries on Kālidāsa’s Cidgaganacandrikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Śaktis also are different as per their grouping with respect to āveśa-nimajjana-vikāsa-nigurṇaṇa. Āveśa is Identity; Nimajjana is entry into the Independent soul; Vikāsa is Expansion towards Independence; Nighurṇaṇa is the oscillation towards expansion. Thus in the activities of the wise persons arises these varities of experiences”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Vikāsa (विकास) refers to the “unfolding” (of the microcosm), according to Śitikaṇṭha’s Mahānayaprakāśa.—If (consciousness) abides in the Point (bindu) one can drink the nectar of the Moon located above. It is the light of the Abode of the Moon. Achieve repose by the unfolding of the microcosm (aṇḍa-vikāsa). This is the unique and special (quality) of the light of the Abode of the Sun. The digestion (of multiplicity) is the power of the gastric fire of the navel because, even though (this) Fire pervades the entire body, the Violent digestion (haṭhapāka) of diversity takes place in the belly.

Note: The word ‘aṇḍa’ literally means ‘egg’. Presumably, what is meant here is the Egg of Brahmā, i.e. the universe that is projected into the body.

2) Vikāsa (विकास) refers to the “expansion” (of of consciousness) or the “blooming” (of the heart), according to Abhinava’s Tantrāloka verse 15.107-109.—Accordingly, “The wealth of the sacrifice (yāgaśrī) is well established in that place (dhāman), whether internal or external, where the lotus of the heart blooms (vikāsa). Liberation is not (attained) in any other way except by severing the knot of ignorance and that, according to the venerable Vīrāvalītantra, is (brought about) by the expansion (vikāsa) of consciousness”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vikāsa : (nt.) expansion; opening.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vikāsa, (vi+kas: see vikasati1) opening, expansion J. VI, 497 (vana° opening of the forest); Dhtp 265. (Page 613)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vikāsa (विकास).—m (S) vikāsana n S Opening, expanding, blooming, blow.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vikāsa (विकास).—m Opening, expanding.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikaṣā (विकषा).—Bengal madder.

See also (synonyms): vikasā.

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Vikasa (विकस).—The moon.

Derivable forms: vikasaḥ (विकसः).

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Vikāsa (विकास).—

1) Blowing, expanding, blooming, budding.

2) Increase, growth; पुरा रूढे स्नेहे परिचयविकासादुपचिते (purā rūḍhe snehe paricayavikāsādupacite) Uttararāmacarita 6.28; see विकाश (vikāśa) also.

Derivable forms: vikāsaḥ (विकासः).

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Vikāśa (विकाश).—

1) Manifestation, display, exhibition.

2) Blowing, expanding (usually written vikāsa in this sense); बालेन्दुवक्राण्यविकाशभावाद्बभुः पलाशान्यतिलोहितानि (bālenduvakrāṇyavikāśabhāvādbabhuḥ palāśānyatilohitāni) Ku. 3.29; विकाशः केषांचिन्नयनसुभगौर्विद्युदुदयैः (vikāśaḥ keṣāṃcinnayanasubhagaurvidyududayaiḥ) Rāj. T.

3) An open or direct course; विकाशमीयुर्जगतीशमार्गणाः (vikāśamīyurjagatīśamārgaṇāḥ) Kirātārjunīya 15.52.

4) An oblique course; Kirātārjunīya 15.52.

5) Joy, pleasure, Ki. 15.52.

6) Sky, heaven (ākāśa); Kirātārjunīya 15.52.

7) Eagerness, ardent desire; युगपद्विकासमुदयाद्गमिते शशिनः शिली- मुखगणोऽलभत (yugapadvikāsamudayādgamite śaśinaḥ śilī- mukhagaṇo'labhata) Si.9.41 (where it means 'blowing' also).

8) Retreat, solitude, privacy.

9) Brightness, radiance.

Derivable forms: vikāśaḥ (विकाशः).

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Vīkāśa (वीकाश).—See विकाश (vikāśa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikaṣā (विकषा).—f.

(-ṣā) Bengal madder, (Rubia manjith.) E. vi before, kaṣ to injure, ac aff.; also vikasā .

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Vikasa (विकस).—m.

(-saḥ) The moon. f.

(-sā) Bengal madder. E. vi before, kas to go, aff. ac .

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Vikāśa (विकाश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. Solitude, loneliness, privacy. 2. Display, manifestation, open or splendid appearance. 3. Opening, expanding. 4. Budding, blowing, (as a flower.) 5. Pleasure, enjoyment. 6. Ether, heaven. 7. An open course. 8. An oblique course. 9. Retreat. 10. Eagerness. E. vi before, kāśa to shine, aff. ghañ; the vowel of the prefix is more usually made long: see vīkāśa .

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Vīkāśa (वीकाश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. Solitude, privacy. 2. Display, manifestation. E. vi, kāś to shine, aff. ac; the vowel of the prefix made long.

Vīkāśa can also be spelled as Vikāśa (विकाश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikāśa (विकाश).—[vi-kāś + a], m. 1. Æther, heaven. 2. Solitude, loneliness.

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Vikāśa (विकाश).—and (better) vikāsa vikāsa, i. e. vi-kas + a, m. 1. Opening, expanding, exhibition, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 35, 8 (sa -doṣa-, A defective exhibition). 2. Budding, blowing, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 41 (ś, of flowers, and of the heart for falling in love); figuratively, [Pañcatantra] 187, 2. 3. Display, splendid appearance, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 53 (ś). 4. Pleasure, enjoyment.

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Vikāsa (विकास).—vikāsa, vīkāsin, see vikāśa, śin.

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Vīkāśa (वीकाश).—i. e. vi-kāś + a, m. Æther, heaven.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikāśa (विकाश).—1. [masculine] bright sheen.

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Vikāśa (विकाश).—2. v. vikāsa.

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Vikāsa (विकास).—[masculine] opening, blossoming, expansion, diffusion; opening of the heart, i.e. cheerfulness, merriment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vikāśa (विकाश):—[=vi-kāśa] [from vi] 1. vi-kāśa m. (for 2. See vi-√kāś) absence of manifestation or display, loneliness, privacy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Vikasa (विकस):—[=vi-kasa] [from vi-kas] m. the moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Vikasā (विकसा):—[=vi-kasā] [from vi-kasa > vi-kas] f. Bengal madder (also written vikaṣā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] = māṃsa-rohiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Vikāsa (विकास):—[=vi-kāsa] [from vi-kas] a m. expanding, budding, blowing (of flowers), [Kumāra-sambhava; Śiśupāla-vadha]

6) [v.s. ...] opening (of the mouth or eyes), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pañcatantra]

7) [v.s. ...] opening (of the heart), cheerfulness, serenity, [Daśakumāra-carita; Śiśupāla-vadha]

8) [v.s. ...] expansion, development, growth, [Śiśupāla-vadha; Purāṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

9) Vikāśa (विकाश):—[=vi-kāśa] [from vi-kāś] 2. vi-kāśa m. (for 1. See p. 950, col. 1) brightness, radiance, [Inscriptions]

10) [v.s. ...] appearance, display, manifestation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] = prasāra and viṣama-gati, [Kirātārjunīya xv, 52] ([Scholiast or Commentator])

12) Vikāsa (विकास):—[=vi-kāsa] b etc. See above.

13) Vīkāśa (वीकाश):—[=vī-kāśa] m. = vi-k1 [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] = vi-k2, brightness, light, lustre, [Daśakumāra-carita]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vikaṣā (विकषा):—[vi-kaṣā] (ṣā) 1. f. Bengal madder.

2) Vikasa (विकस):—[vi-kasa] (saḥ) 1. m. The moon. f. Bengal madder.

3) Vikāśa (विकाश):—[vi-kāśa] (śaḥ) 1. m. Solitude, privacy; manifestation; expanding; pleasure; heaven, sky.

4) Vīkāśa (वीकाश):—[vī-kāśa] (śaḥ) 1. m. Solitude; display.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vikāśa (विकाश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Viāsa, Visaṭṭa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vikasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Vikāśa (विकाश):—(nm) display, manifestation; splendour; expansion.

2) Vikāsa (विकास) [Also spelled vikas]:—(nm) evolution; development, growth; bloom; ~[vāda] theory of evolution; evolutionism; ~[vādī] an evolutionist; evolutionistic; ~[śīla] developing; evolving.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vikāśa (ವಿಕಾಶ):—

1) [noun] a becoming known to others, published; a coming into light.

2) [noun] the act of blowing, expanding.

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Vikāsa (ವಿಕಾಸ):—

1) [noun] the process or act of blowing, expanding (of flowers).

2) [noun] a wide extent; great breadth; expanse.

3) [noun] the sky.

4) [noun] a bringing something to light, to the notice of general public.

5) [noun] expansion; development; growth.

6) [noun] joy; merriment; gaiety and fun; mirth.

7) [noun] an unfolding, opening out or working out; process of development, as from a simple to a complex form or of gradual, progressive change, as in a social and economic structure; evolution.

8) [noun] a result of this or the state of being so evolved.

9) [noun] (biiol.) the development of a species organism or organ from its original or primitive state to its present or specialised state; evolution.

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Vīkāśa (ವೀಕಾಶ):—

1) [noun] the fact of being seen very clearly.

2) [noun] that which is seen clearly.

3) [noun] a being, living in a lonely place.

4) [noun] a lonely place.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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