Vikarala, Vikarāla: 18 definitions


Vikarala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vikaral.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Vikarāla (विकराल) is the name of a teacher to whom the Kāpālika doctrine was revelead, mentioned in the Śābaratantra. The disciple of Vikarāla is mentioned as being Gorakṣa. The Śābara-tantra is an early tantra of the Kāpālika sect containing important information about the evolution of the Nātha sect. It also lists the twelve original Kāpālika teachers (eg.,Vikarāla). Several of these names appear in the Nātha lists of eighty-four Siddhas and nine Nāthas.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Vikarālā (विकराला) refers to “she who is dreadful” and is used to describe Bhairavi, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 10.7cd-17ab, while describing the worship of Bhairavī and Bhairava]—“[Bhairavī] has the appearance of vermillion or lac. [She has] erect hair, a large body and is dreadful (vikarālā) and very terrifying. [She has the medicinal plant] śatavārī, is five-faced, and adorned with three eyes. [Her hands bear] curved talons curved [She has] eyes like the hollow of a tree and wears a garland of severed heads. [Ten-]armed, like Bhairava [she also] bears Bhairava’s weapons [of an axe and hatched]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of vikarala in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vikarala in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vikarāla (विकराल) refers to the “terrific” and is used to describe Gaṇeśa , according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.16 (“The head of Gaṇeśa is chopped off”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] O sage, after fighting for a long time along with the army and seeing him terrific (vikarāla), even Śiva was greatly surprised. Thinking within himself ‘He has to be killed only by deception and not otherwise’ he stayed in the midst of the army. When lord Śiva who though devoid of attributes had assumed the attributive form was seen in the battle, when Viṣṇu too had come thither, the gods and Gaṇas of Śiva were highly delighted. They joined together and became jubilant. [...]”.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vikarāla (विकराल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.94) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vikarāla) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of vikarala in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vikarāla (विकराल) refers to one of the eight Guardians (kṣetrapāla-aṣṭaka) associated with Candrapīṭha (or Candrapīṭhapura), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Guardians (kṣetrapālāṣṭaka): Niśānta, Nigraha, Dhanañjaya, Dhaneśvara, Karāla, Vaḍavāmukha, Vikarāla, Sugrīva.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of vikarala in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vikarāla (विकराल).—a (S) pop. vikarāḷa a Formidable, frightful, hideous.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vikarāla (विकराल) [-ḷa, -ळ].—a Formidable, frightful.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of vikarala in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikarāla (विकराल).—a. Very dreadful or formidable, frightful; घृतप्रेमा बाहुर्विकचविकरालोल्वणरसः (ghṛtapremā bāhurvikacavikarālolvaṇarasaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 5.26.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vikarāla (विकराल).—name of a piśāca-prince: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 45.23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikarāla (विकराल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Formidable, frightful. E. vi intensitive, karāla frightful.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikarāla (विकराल).—adj. Formidable.

Vikarāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and karāla (कराल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vikarāla (विकराल):—[=vi-karāla] [from vi] mf(ā)n. very formidable or dreadful, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) Vikarālā (विकराला):—[=vi-karālā] [from vi-karāla > vi] f. Name of Durgā, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] of a courtezan, [Kuṭṭanīmata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikarāla (विकराल):—[vi-karāla] (laḥ-lā-laṃ) a. Frightful.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vikarāla (विकराल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vigarāla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vikarala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of vikarala in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vikarala in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vikarāla (विकराल) [Also spelled vikaral]:—(a) horrible, dreadful, frightful; hideous, monstrous; formidable; hence ~[] (nf).

context information


Discover the meaning of vikarala in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vikarāla (ವಿಕರಾಲ):—[adjective] = ವಿಕರಾಳ [vikarala]1.

--- OR ---

Vikarāla (ವಿಕರಾಲ):—[noun] = ವಿಕರಾಳ [vikarala]2.

--- OR ---

Vikarāḷa (ವಿಕರಾಳ):—[adjective] horrible to see, hear, etc.; very ugly or revolting; dreadful; hideous.

--- OR ---

Vikarāḷa (ವಿಕರಾಳ):—[noun] the quality of being very ugly, dreadful; hideousness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of vikarala in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vikarala in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Vikarāla (विकराल):—adj. 1. dreadful; formidable; frightful; terrible; 2. immense; enormous; 3. extreme;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

Discover the meaning of vikarala in the context of Nepali from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: