Vikara, Vikāra, Vikārā: 21 definitions



Vikara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vikar.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vikāra (विकार) refers to “aberrations”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.43.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] O sage, the lord (i.e., Śiva) is never unjust. The supreme Brahman is the goal of the good. How can He be deluded? What sorrow has He? How can he have other aberrations (vikārakva vikāraḥ paro)? Even Viṣṇu and I do not know His real secret. What then about others, the sages, gods, human beings and even Yogins. [...] There is no emotion or aberration (i.e., vikāraekopi na vikāro) at all in Śiva the supreme Being. He points out to the people of the world by his different actions, their respective goals”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vikārā (विकारा).—Derivatives from Prakṛti of which there are sixteen (eleven organs and five elements): Sāṅkhya philosophy.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 3. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 113; 104. 99.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vikāra (विकार).—lit. change; modification; modification of a word-base or an affix, caused generally by the addition of suffixes; cf. प्रकृतेरवस्थान्तरं विकारः (prakṛteravasthāntaraṃ vikāraḥ) Kas. on P. IV.3.134; cf. also लेपागमवर्णविकारज्ञो हि सम्यग्वेदान् परिपाल-यिष्यति (lepāgamavarṇavikārajño hi samyagvedān paripāla-yiṣyati) Mahabhasya Ahnika 1.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Vikāra (विकार) refers to “diseases”, as mentioned in verse 4.33-34 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] avoidance of offences against wisdom, assuagement of the senses, awareness, knowledge of region, season, and constitution, (and) imitation of the conduct of sages: this method (has been) taught in brief for the non-arising of endogenous and accidental diseases [viz., nija-āgantu-vikāra] and for the alleviation of (those which have) arisen”.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vikāra (विकार):—[vikāraḥ] It signifies 1. derivatives 2. ailments

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Vikāra (विकार) refers to:—Transformation. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Buddhist Information: A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas

Vikara means change or alteration.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vikara.—cf. vikara-padāni (LP), a small present, a bonus; cf. Gujarātī pān-sopārī. (LP), cf. vikara-pada explained as ‘miscellancous expenses’. Note: vikara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vikāra : (m.) change; alteration; reversion; disturbance; deformity; quality.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vikāra, (fr. vi+kṛ) 1. change, alteration, in mahā° great change Vism. 366, 367 (of two kinds: anupādiṇṇa & upādiṇṇa, or primary & secondary, i.e. the first caused by kappa-vuṭṭhāna, the second by dhātu-kkhobha); KhA 107 (vaṇṇa°).—2. distortion, reversion, contortion, in var. connections, as kucchi° stomach-ache Vin. I, 301; bhamuka° frowning DhA. IV, 90; raukha° grimace, contortion of the face, J. II, 448; PvA. 123; hattha° hand-figuring, signs with the hand, gesture Vin. I, 157 (+hattha-vilaṅghaka)=M. I, 207 (reads vilaṅgaka); Vin. V, 163 (with other similaṛ gestures); J. IV, 491; V, 287; VI, 400, 489.—Kern. Toev. s. v. vikāra is hardly correct in translating hattha-vikārena at Vin. I, 157 by “eigenhandig, ” i.e. with his own hand. It has to be combined with hattha-vilaṅghakena.—3. perturbation, disturbance, inconvenience, deformity Vin. I, 271, 272 (°ṃ sallakkheti observe the uneasiness); Miln. 224 (tāvataka v. temporary inconvenience), 254 (°vipphāra disturbing influence); SnA 189 (bhūta° natural blemish).—4. constitution, property, quality (cp. Cpd. 1572, 1681) Vism. 449 (rūpa° material quality); VvA. 10 (so correct under maya in P. D. vol. III, p. 147).—5. deception, fraud PvA. 211 (=nikati).—Cp. nibbikāra. (Page 612)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vikarā (विकरा).—m vikarī f (vikaṇēṃ or vikraya or H) Selling or sale, the act of selling or the sold state. Ex. svahastēṃ gōṇī usavōni hātēṃ || miracyāvikarī māṇḍilī tēthēṃ ||. 2 The produce of a sale.

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vikāra (विकार).—m (S) Change of form or nature; alteration of the natural state; any modification or altered mode of being. Ex. dahīṃ hā dudhācā vi0; vāpha, gārā hā jalācā vi0; suvarṇācā vi0 alaṅkāra; mṛttikēcā vi0 ghaṭa. 2 Sickness, disease, disorder; any change from the state of health. 3 Passion, emotion, aroused feeling; any disturbance of the natural or quiescent condition of the soul. Ex. kāma-krōdha-lōbha-mōha-vikāra, manōvikāra, mṛvdikāra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vikarā (विकरा).—m-f Selling or sale; the pro- duce of a sale.

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vikāra (विकार).—m Change of form or nature. Disease. Passion, emotion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikara (विकर).—

1) Sickness, disease.

2) A particular mode of fighting.

Derivable forms: vikaraḥ (विकरः).

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Vikāra (विकार).—

1) Change of form or nature, transformation, deviation from the natural state; cf. विकृति (vikṛti).

2) A change, alteration, a modification; प्रमथमुखविकारै- र्हासयामास गूढम् (pramathamukhavikārai- rhāsayāmāsa gūḍham) Ku.7.95; नेत्रवक्त्रविकारैश्च लक्ष्यतेऽन्तर्गतं मनः (netravaktravikāraiśca lakṣyate'ntargataṃ manaḥ) Pt.1.44; Ś.7.

3) Sickness, disease, malady; विकारं खलु परमार्थतोऽज्ञात्वाऽनारम्भः प्रतीकारस्य (vikāraṃ khalu paramārthato'jñātvā'nārambhaḥ pratīkārasya) Ś.4; Ku.2.48.

4) Change of mind or purpose; मूर्च्छन्त्यमी विकाराः प्रायेणैश्वर्य- मत्तेषु (mūrcchantyamī vikārāḥ prāyeṇaiśvarya- matteṣu) Ś.5.18.

5) A feeling, an emotion; विकारश्चैतन्यं भ्रम- यति च संमीलयति च (vikāraścaitanyaṃ bhrama- yati ca saṃmīlayati ca) U.1.35;3.25,36; Māl.1.3.

6) Agitation, excitement, perturbation; कुतः परस्मिन् पुरुषे विकारः (kutaḥ parasmin puruṣe vikāraḥ) Ki.17.23.

7) Contortion, contraction (as of the features of the face); प्रमथमुखविकारैर्हासयामास गूढम् (pramathamukhavikārairhāsayāmāsa gūḍham) Ku.7.95.

8) (In Sāṅ. phil.) That which is evolved from a previous source or Prakṛti.

9) A wound.

Derivable forms: vikāraḥ (विकारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vikara (विकर).—and °ra-ka (to Sanskrit vi-kirati; compare vikira): kusuma-°rakaṃ (so mss., Senart em. -nikarakaṃ)… abhikiranti Mahāvastu i.236.6 (verse), they strew a strewing of flowers on (the Buddha Dīpaṃkara); kusuma-vikaraṃ (Senart em. °nikaraṃ) muncanti 8 (verse); °kusuma-vikaraṃ ii.18.11, see vikira.

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Vikāra (विकार) or Vikāla.—(m.; = Pali id.; in Sanskrit evening, so also Pali and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]), wrong time: paradāre prasakto (v.l. °te) tatra kāle vā vikāle vā gacchati (mss. °nti) Mahāvastu i.243.18, in season and out of season; °la-caryā (compare Pali °la-cariyā), walking abroad at night (so Tibetan, mtshan mo ḥphyan pa) Mahāvyutpatti 2507 (Pali according to Childers, going on the monk's begging rounds in the afternoon); one of the six apāya- sthānāni (bhogānām); vikāla-bhojana (nt.; = Pali id.), or with Senart and mss. vikāra° (§ 2.49), eating at the wrong time, or eating at night or after noon, °bhojanāt prativirato Mahāvastu i.326.18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikara (विकर).—m.

(-raḥ) Sickness, disease. E. vi implying difference, and kara making.

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Vikāra (विकार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Change of form or nature, alteration or deviation from the natural state. 2. Sickness, disease, change from the state of health. 3. Passion, feeling, emotion, transition from the natural or quiescent condition of the soul. 4. Anything evolved from a previous source, (in Sankhya Philosophy.) E. vi implying alteration, kṛ to make, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikāra (विकार).—i. e. vi-kṛ + a, m. 1. Change, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 216, 18; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 23, 7 (perturbation); [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 13, 9 (passion), [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 14, 8. 2. Change of form, [Pañcatantra] 257, 23. 3. Change of mind, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 66, 4. 4. Disease, [Nalodya, (ed. Benary.)] 2, 17; a wound, [Pañcatantra] 218, 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikara (विकर).—[adjective] robbed of the hands (as a punishment).

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Vikāra (विकार).—[masculine] change, alteration, perturbation, disorder (of body or mind), modification, preparation, production, passion of any kind, love, hatred.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vikara (विकर):—[=vi-kara] [from vi] 1a mfn. (for 2. See vi- √1. kṛ) deprived of hands (as a punishment), [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra]

2) Vikāra (विकार):—[=vi-kāra] [from vi] 1a m. (for 2. See vi- √1. kṛ) the syllable vi, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) Vikara (विकर):—[=vi-kara] 1b vi-karaṇa. See p.950.

4) [v.s. ...] 2a etc. See vi- √1. kṛ.

5) Vikāra (विकार):—[=vi-kāra] 1b See p. 950, col. 1.

6) [v.s. ...] 2a etc. See under vi- √1. kṛ.

7) Vikara (विकर):—[=vi-kara] [from vi-kṛ] 2b m. (for 1. See p. 950, col. 1; for 3. See vi-√kṝ) disease, sickness, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a [particular] mode of fighting, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio] viṣkara).

9) Vikāra (विकार):—[=vi-kāra] [from vi-kṛ] 2b m. (for 1. See p. 950, col. 1) change of form or nature, alteration or deviation from any natural state, transformation, modification, change ([especially] for the worse) of bodily or mental condition, disease, sickness, hurt, injury, (or) perturbation, emotion, agitation, passion, [???; Mahābhārata] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] an apparition, spectre, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

11) [v.s. ...] extravagance, [ib.]

12) [v.s. ...] a product, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

13) [v.s. ...] (in Sāṃkhya) a production or derivative from Prakṛti (there are 7 Vikāras, viz. buddhi, ‘intellect’, ahaṃ-kāra, ‘the sense of individuality’, and the 5 tan-mātras q.v.; these are also producers, inasmuch as from them come the 16 Vikāras which are only productions, viz. the 5 mahā-bhūtāni q.v., and the 11 organs, viz. the 5 buddhīndriyāṇi or organs of sense, the 5 karmendriyāṇi or organs of action, and manas, ‘the mind’), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 82 etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] the derivative of a word, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

15) [v.s. ...] contortion of the face, grimace, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

16) [v.s. ...] change of sentiment, hostility, defection, [Mahābhārata; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

17) Vikara (विकर):—[=vi-kara] [from vi-kṝ] 3. vi-kara m. (for 1. See p. 950, col. 1; for 2. p. 954, col. 2) an earth-pit, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vikara (विकर):—[vi-kara] (raḥ) 1. m. Sickness.

2) Vikāra (विकार):—[vi-kāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Change of form or nature; sickness; crisis, especially unfavourable; emotion.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vikara (विकर):—(von 1. kar mit vi) gaṇa utsādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 86.] saṃkāśādi zu [2, 80.] m.

1) Krankheit [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] —

2) Bez. einer best. Fechtart [Harivaṃśa 15978.] viṣkara die neuere Ausg. — Vgl. vaikara, vaikarya .

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Vikāra (विकार):—1. (von 1. kar mit vi) m. am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā .

1) Umgestaltung, Umwandlung, Veränderung, Modification, Abart, veränderter —, abnormer Zustand; im Ritual die gestatteten Abänderungen der Grundform (prākṛteṣveva viśeṣavidhayo vikārā ucyante Comm. zu [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 9, 7, 19]); = vikṛti, pariṇāma [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 15.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 371.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1518,] [Scholiast] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 603.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 219. -] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 2, 1, 34.] tantra [14, 14.] nityā naimittikā vikārāḥ [9, 1, 13. 7, 19.] prakṛteḥ [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 14, 1, 1. 4, 6, 8. 6, 1, 4.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 5, 5, 26. 6, 7, 23.] varṇa [LĀṬY. 7, 11, 19. 21.] bhāva [Yāska’s Nirukta 1, 2. 3.] [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 2, 2. 10, 7. 11, 21. 17, 23.] [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 1, 133. 140. 4, 22. 169. fg.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā] [Prātiśākhya 1, 28. 56.] [KAṆ. 2, 2, 29.] vahnervikāraḥ samajāyata eine Veränderung an [Mahābhārata 1, 8141.] arka [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 30, 30.] saṃdhyā [32, 26.] deva an einem Götterbilde [46, 15. 17.] vṛṣṭi [46. 51. 72. 54, 56.] candramāḥ sarvavikārakośaḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 1, 34.] Gegens. svabhāva [Mahābhārata 3, 17112.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 94, 6.] dhvaneḥ [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 5, 13.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1410.] netravaktravikārāḥ [Spr. 848 (II). 2754.] nayanabhrūvikārāḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 9, 18 (14 Gorresio).] mukha [Kumārasaṃbhava 7, 95.] [Pañcatantra 257, 23.] vaktra [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 104, 15.] vaktrasya [56.] bhrūnetrādi [Sāhityadarpana 127.] gaticeṣṭā [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 1, 28.] kaṭākṣauṣṭha [5, 24, 11.] vikārāḥ sahajā yasya harṣakrodhabhayādiṣu bhāveṣu nopalabhyante Cit. beim Schol. zu [Śākuntala 13, 12.] vidhehi marālavikāram so v. a. nimm den dir sonst ungewöhnlichen Gang des Flamingo an [Gītagovinda 11, 3.] Verwandlung, Gespenstererscheinung: apagatavetāla [Kathāsaritsāgara 18, 151.] ghorā [25, 153.] vasantakavikārāḥ Vasantaka's Extravaganzen, ungewöhnliche Spässe [16, 46.] —

2) Erzeugniss [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 134.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 6, 1, 4] [?= Vedānta lecture No. 121.] surā was aus Surā bereitet wird [Suśruta 1, 70, 10.] ikṣu [157, 2. 161, 3. 229, 1.] yavānna [2, 79, 2.] [Mahābhārata 8, 2060.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 8, 13.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 43.] ayasaḥ [?99. Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1039. Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 42, Scholiast Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 34, 58.] bhūta [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 12.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 7, 19.] bhakṣyavikārāḥ zubereitete Speisen [Mahābhārata 15, 21.] —

3) pl. im Sāṃkhya die 16 Derivate aus den 8 Prakṛti, nämlich 11 Organe (indriyāṇi) und 5 Elemente (bhūtāni) [SĀṂKHYAK. 3.] [Sânkhya Philosophy 13. 16.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 69. 9, 17.] [Bhagavadgītā 13, 6. 19.] [Mahābhārata 12, 11552.] [Harivaṃśa 14073] (vikārāśca die neuere Ausg.). [Suśruta 1, 311, 3.] —

4) die abgeleitete Form (eines Wortes): ananvite rthe prādeśike vikāre [Yāska’s Nirukta 2, 1.] —

5) Veränderung im normalen Zustande des menschlichen Körpers, Indisposition, Affection; = roga [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Suśruta 1, 5, 7. 14, 3. 23, 10. 30, 19. 34, 15. 96, 2.] śirasaḥ [2, 377, 6. 186, 4. 189, 20. 307, 16. 399, 20.] (viṣam) tajjīrṇamavikāreṇa [Mahābhārata 3, 541.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 31, 40.] sāṃnipātika [Kumārasaṃbhava 2, 48.] aṅga [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 3, 20.] mohādivikārakārin [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 10.] svāṅgamavikārajam Kār. zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 54.] jatva [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 4, 17.] prahāra eine durch einen Schlag bewirkte Wunde [Pañcatantra 218, 13.] —

6) Veränderung im normalen Zustande des Gemüths, Alteration, Aufregung, insbes. Liebesregung: vikāro mānaso bhāvaḥ [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 7, 21.] [Halāyudha 1, 90.] manasaḥ [Śākuntala 190.] [Spr. 5149.] vikāraṃ yāti no cittaṃ vitte kadā ca na [4987.] padmādiṣu prabodhasaṃmīlanavikāravattadvikāraḥ d. i. ātmavikāraḥ [NYĀYAS. 3, 1, 20.] na ca tau cakratuḥ kaṃcidvikāram (so ist wohl zu lesen) [Mahābhārata 13, 2761. 2802. 3, 2920. 2947. 2951.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 2, 15, 6.] dyūtecchāvikārasaṃvaraṇaṃ bahuvidhaṃ kṛtvā [Mṛcchakaṭikā 30, 19.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 1, 60.] [Śākuntala 66, 4.] [Spr. 1123 (II).] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 3, 24.] [Sāhityadarpana 51, 4. 164.] vittavyādhi [Spr. 4544.] manmatha Einl. zu [Caurapañcāśikā] mānmatha [Spr. 1103 (II).] manmathaja [2006.] manmathavyathā [Mālatīmādhava 14, 8.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 17, 3.] hariparirambhaṇavalitavikārā [Gītagovinda 7, 14.] [Sāhityadarpana 99.] sa verliebt [Gītagovinda 2, 11.fg.] —

7) Wandel der Gesinnung, feindliche Gesinnung, Auflehnung, Abfall: upādhyāyāṃśca bhṛtyāṃśca bhaktāṃśca ye tyajantyavikārāṃstrīṃste vai nirayagāminaḥ [Mahābhārata 13, 1650.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 50, 119.] vikāraṃ yāti putro hi [KĀM. NĪTIS. 9, 54.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 8, 21.] — Vgl. a, anna (in der Bed. eine präparirte Speise [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 2, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 4]), citta, ceto, tamo, nirvikāra (füge nichts Abnormes habend und die Stellen [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 44, 28.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 33, 5.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 8, 15.] [Scholiast] zu [Śākuntala 8, 12] hinzu), bhrū, roma, vāta, sa, vikṛti und vikriyā .

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Vikāra (विकार):—2. m. die Silbe vi [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 8, 7.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vikāra (विकार) [Also spelled vikar]:—(nm) deformation, defilement; change or variation (for the worse); deviation from a natural state; perversion; disorder.

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