Vikala, aka: Vikāla; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vikala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Vikala (विकल) is the name of a rākṣasa chief, presiding over Ābhāsa, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Ābhāsa refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Vikalā (विकला) is the name of one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvaratantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (eg., Vikalā) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.

Source: academia.edu: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

T Expired time. Beyond time.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vikāla (विकाल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Vikāla] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vikala in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vikala : (adj.) defective; in want of; being without. || vikāla (m.), the wrong time; afternoon and the night.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vikala, (adj.) (Sk. vikala) defective, in want of, deprived, (being) without Th. 2, 391; Pv IV. 1 (bhoga°); J. IV, 278; VI, 232; Miln. 106, 307 (udakena); DA. I, 222; PvA. 4 (hattha°). Cp. vekalla. (Page 612)

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Vikāla, (vi+kāla) “wrong time, ” i.e. not the proper time, which usually means “afternoon” or “evening, ” and therefore often “too late. ” — Vin. IV, 274 (=time from sunset to sunrise); J. V, 131 (ajja vikālo to-day it is too late); VvA. 230 (id.).—Loc. vikāle (opp. kāle) as adv. meaning: (1) at the wrong time Vin. I, 200; Sn. 386; PvA. 12.—(2) too late Vv 84 (=akāle VvA. 337); DhA. I, 356; IV, 69.—(3) very late (at night) J. V, 458.

—bhojana taking a meal at the wrong time, i, e. in the afternoon Vin. I, 83; D. I, 5; A. I, 212; II, 209; Sn. 400; DA. I, 77. (Page 612)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vikala (विकल).—a (S) Impaired or imperfect; i. e. broken, distorted, deformed, decayed, defective--a limb, member, organ: and attrib. the person. 2 Imperfect, incomplete, deficient, wanting--a business or some performance or act.

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vikalā (विकला).—f S A sixtieth part of a kalā (a digit or 1/16th of the moon's diameter). 2 A sixtieth part of a minute, a second.

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vikaḷa (विकळ).—See in order under vikala.

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vikaḷā (विकळा).—See in order under vikala.

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vikaḷā (विकळा).—a (vi & kaḷā) Colorless, lacklustre, pallid, wan--complexion or countenance.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vikala (विकल) [-ḷa, -ळ].—a Impaired; broken; incom- plete.

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vikalā (विकला) [-ḷā, -ळा].—f A sixtieth part of a kaḷā; a second.

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vikaḷā (विकळा).—a Colourless, pallid.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikala (विकल).—a.

1) Deprived of a part or member, defective, imperfect, maimed, mutilated; कूटकृद्विकलेन्द्रियाः (kūṭakṛdvikalendriyāḥ) Y.2.7; Ms.8.66; U.4.24.

2) Frightened, alarmed; नादस्ताव- द्विकलकुररीकूजितस्निग्धतारः (nādastāva- dvikalakurarīkūjitasnigdhatāraḥ) Māl.5.2.

3) Devoid or destitute of (in comp.); आरामाधिपतिर्विवेकविकलः (ārāmādhipatirvivekavikalaḥ) Bv.1.31; प्रसूति° (prasūti°) Ś6.24; Pt.5.8; Mk.5.41; न तु कुलविकलानां वर्तते वृत्तशुद्धिः (na tu kulavikalānāṃ vartate vṛttaśuddhiḥ) Avimārakam 2.5.

4) Agitated, weakened, dispirited, unnerved, drooping, sinking, languid; किमिति विषीदसि रोदिषि विकला विहसति युवतिसभा तव सकला (kimiti viṣīdasi rodiṣi vikalā vihasati yuvatisabhā tava sakalā) Gīt.9; विरहेण विकलहृदया (viraheṇa vikalahṛdayā) Bv.2.71,164; श्रुतियुगले पिकरुतविकले (śrutiyugale pikarutavikale) Gīt. 12; वहति विकलः कायो मोहं न मुञ्चकि चेतनाम् (vahati vikalaḥ kāyo mohaṃ na muñcaki cetanām) U.3.31. Māl. 7.1;9.12.

5) Ineffective, useless; विकलमिह पूर्वसुकृतम् (vikalamiha pūrvasukṛtam) Pt.5.9.

6) Wanting, failing.

7) Withered, decayed.

-lā, -lī A woman during her courses; (L. D. B. however says 'A woman who has passed child-bearing', ṛtuhīnā).

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Vikalā (विकला).—The sixtieth part of a Kalā, q. v.

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Vikāla (विकाल).—

1) Evening, evening twilight, the close of day.

2) Improper time, unseasonable hour; (avelā); अभिज्ञातकृतः पन्था विकाले गन्तुमिच्छता (abhijñātakṛtaḥ panthā vikāle gantumicchatā) Rām.2.99. 1; Mb.3.297.83; Pt.5.88/89.

Derivable forms: vikālaḥ (विकालः).

See also (synonyms): vikālaka.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 34 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Angavikala
Aṅgavikala (अङ्गविकल).—a. [tṛ. ta.] 1) maimed, paralysed. 2) fainting, swooning. Aṅgavikala is ...
Vikalendriya
Vikalendriya (विकलेन्द्रिय).—a. having impaired or defective organs of sense. Vikalendriya is a...
Vikala Sutta
Vikāla, (vi+kāla) “wrong time, ” i.e. not the proper time, which usually means “afternoon” or “...
Vikalakarana
Vikalakaraṇa (विकलकरण).—a. with drooping limbs, languid; U.3.22. Vikalakaraṇa is a Sanskrit com...
Vikalakaruna
Vikalakaruṇa (विकलकरुण).—a. helpless, piteous; विकलकरुणैर्मर्मच्छेद- व्यथाविधुरैरिव (vikalakaru...
Shokavikala
Śokavikala (शोकविकल).—a. overwhelmed with grief. Śokavikala is a Sanskrit compound consisting o...
Vikalapanika
Vikalapāṇika (विकलपाणिक).—a cripple.Derivable forms: vikalapāṇikaḥ (विकलपाणिकः).Vikalapāṇika is...
Kala
Kāla refers to “time-measure” (past, present, and future) and is related to the tradition of Kū...
Marana
Māraṇa (मारण) or Māraṇāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Kāraṇāg...
Gada
Gadā (गदा) refers to “club” or “mace” and represents one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) o...
Vikara
Vikara.—cf. vikara-padāni (LP), a small present, a bonus; cf. Gujarātī pān-sopārī. (LP), cf. vi...
Ati
Ati (अति).—[, read Atri, n. of a Prajāpati: Māy 257.18.]--- OR --- Ati (अति).—[ tvāṃ: LV 253.8 ...
Vikalaka
Vikālaka (विकालक).—1) Evening, evening twilight, the close of day.2) Improper time, unseasonabl...
Akala
Akala (अकल).—a. [nāsti kalā avayavo yasya] Not in parts, without parts, epithot of the Supreme ...
Angabhanga
Aṅgabhaṅga (अङ्गभङ्ग).—1) palsy or paralysis of limbs; °विकल इव भूत्वा स्थास्यामि (vikala iva b...

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