Vikala, aka: Vikāla; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vikala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Vikala (विकल) is the name of a rākṣasa chief, presiding over Ābhāsa, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Ābhāsa refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Vikalā (विकला) is the name of one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvaratantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (eg., Vikalā) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.

Source: academia.edu: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

T Expired time. Beyond time.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vikāla (विकाल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Vikāla] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vikala in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vikala : (adj.) defective; in want of; being without. || vikāla (m.), the wrong time; afternoon and the night.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vikala, (adj.) (Sk. vikala) defective, in want of, deprived, (being) without Th. 2, 391; Pv IV. 1 (bhoga°); J. IV, 278; VI, 232; Miln. 106, 307 (udakena); DA. I, 222; PvA. 4 (hattha°). Cp. vekalla. (Page 612)

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Vikāla, (vi+kāla) “wrong time, ” i.e. not the proper time, which usually means “afternoon” or “evening, ” and therefore often “too late. ” — Vin. IV, 274 (=time from sunset to sunrise); J. V, 131 (ajja vikālo to-day it is too late); VvA. 230 (id.).—Loc. vikāle (opp. kāle) as adv. meaning: (1) at the wrong time Vin. I, 200; Sn. 386; PvA. 12.—(2) too late Vv 84 (=akāle VvA. 337); DhA. I, 356; IV, 69.—(3) very late (at night) J. V, 458.

—bhojana taking a meal at the wrong time, i, e. in the afternoon Vin. I, 83; D. I, 5; A. I, 212; II, 209; Sn. 400; DA. I, 77. (Page 612)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vikala (विकल).—a (S) Impaired or imperfect; i. e. broken, distorted, deformed, decayed, defective--a limb, member, organ: and attrib. the person. 2 Imperfect, incomplete, deficient, wanting--a business or some performance or act.

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vikalā (विकला).—f S A sixtieth part of a kalā (a digit or 1/16th of the moon's diameter). 2 A sixtieth part of a minute, a second.

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vikaḷa (विकळ).—See in order under vikala.

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vikaḷā (विकळा).—See in order under vikala.

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vikaḷā (विकळा).—a (vi & kaḷā) Colorless, lacklustre, pallid, wan--complexion or countenance.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vikala (विकल) [-ḷa, -ळ].—a Impaired; broken; incom- plete.

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vikalā (विकला) [-ḷā, -ळा].—f A sixtieth part of a kaḷā; a second.

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vikaḷā (विकळा).—a Colourless, pallid.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 27 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vikalendriya
Vikalendriya (विकलेन्द्रिय).—a. having impaired or defective organs of sense. Vikalendriya is a...
Vikala Sutta
Vikāla, (vi+kāla) “wrong time, ” i.e. not the proper time, which usually means “afternoon” or “...
Vikalakarana
Vikalakaraṇa (विकलकरण).—a. with drooping limbs, languid; U.3.22. Vikalakaraṇa is a Sanskrit com...
Vikalakaruna
Vikalakaruṇa (विकलकरुण).—a. helpless, piteous; विकलकरुणैर्मर्मच्छेद- व्यथाविधुरैरिव (vikalakaru...
Shokavikala
Śokavikala (शोकविकल).—a. overwhelmed with grief. Śokavikala is a Sanskrit compound consisting o...
Vikalapanika
Vikalapāṇika (विकलपाणिक).—a cripple.Derivable forms: vikalapāṇikaḥ (विकलपाणिकः).Vikalapāṇika is...
Kala
Kāla refers to “time-measure” (past, present, and future) and is related to the tradition of Kū...
Marana
Māraṇa (मारण) or Māraṇāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Kāraṇāg...
Gada
Gadā (गदा) or Gadāmudrā is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 35-36.—Accordingl...
Ati
Ati (अति).—ind. [at-i]1) A prefix used with adjectives and adverbs, meaning 'very', 'too', 'exc...
Vikalaka
Vikālaka (विकालक).—1) Evening, evening twilight, the close of day.2) Improper time, unseasonabl...
Angabhanga
Aṅgabhaṅga (अङ्गभङ्ग).—1) palsy or paralysis of limbs; °विकल इव भूत्वा स्थास्यामि (vikala iva b...
Samasera
samaśēra (समशेर).—f A scimitar or sword.
Sikkhapada
Sikkhāpada, (nt.) (sikkhā+pada, the latter in sense of pada 3. Cp. BSk. śikṣāpada) set of prece...
Ativikala
Ativikāla, (adj.) (ati + vikāla) at a very inconvenient time, much too late D I 108 (= suṭṭhu v...

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