Vikala, Vikāla: 14 definitions


Vikala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Vikala (विकल) is the name of a rākṣasa chief, presiding over Ābhāsa, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Ābhāsa refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra

Vikalā (विकला) is the name of one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvaratantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (eg., Vikalā) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

T Expired time. Beyond time.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Vikāla (विकाल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Vikāla] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vikala : (adj.) defective; in want of; being without. || vikāla (m.), the wrong time; afternoon and the night.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vikala, (adj.) (Sk. vikala) defective, in want of, deprived, (being) without Th. 2, 391; Pv IV. 1 (bhoga°); J. IV, 278; VI, 232; Miln. 106, 307 (udakena); DA. I, 222; PvA. 4 (hattha°). Cp. vekalla. (Page 612)

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Vikāla, (vi+kāla) “wrong time, ” i.e. not the proper time, which usually means “afternoon” or “evening, ” and therefore often “too late. ” — Vin. IV, 274 (=time from sunset to sunrise); J. V, 131 (ajja vikālo to-day it is too late); VvA. 230 (id.).—Loc. vikāle (opp. kāle) as adv. meaning: (1) at the wrong time Vin. I, 200; Sn. 386; PvA. 12.—(2) too late Vv 84 (=akāle VvA. 337); DhA. I, 356; IV, 69.—(3) very late (at night) J. V, 458.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vikala (विकल).—a (S) Impaired or imperfect; i. e. broken, distorted, deformed, decayed, defective--a limb, member, organ: and attrib. the person. 2 Imperfect, incomplete, deficient, wanting--a business or some performance or act.

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vikalā (विकला).—f S A sixtieth part of a kalā (a digit or 1/16th of the moon's diameter). 2 A sixtieth part of a minute, a second.

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vikaḷa (विकळ).—See in order under vikala.

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vikaḷā (विकळा).—See in order under vikala.

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vikaḷā (विकळा).—a (vi & kaḷā) Colorless, lacklustre, pallid, wan--complexion or countenance.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vikala (विकल) [-ḷa, -ळ].—a Impaired; broken; incom- plete.

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vikalā (विकला) [-ḷā, -ळा].—f A sixtieth part of a kaḷā; a second.

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vikaḷā (विकळा).—a Colourless, pallid.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikala (विकल).—a.

1) Deprived of a part or member, defective, imperfect, maimed, mutilated; कूटकृद्विकलेन्द्रियाः (kūṭakṛdvikalendriyāḥ) Y.2.7; Ms.8.66; U.4.24.

2) Frightened, alarmed; नादस्ताव- द्विकलकुररीकूजितस्निग्धतारः (nādastāva- dvikalakurarīkūjitasnigdhatāraḥ) Māl.5.2.

3) Devoid or destitute of (in comp.); आरामाधिपतिर्विवेकविकलः (ārāmādhipatirvivekavikalaḥ) Bv.1.31; प्रसूति° (prasūti°) Ś6.24; Pt.5.8; Mk.5.41; न तु कुलविकलानां वर्तते वृत्तशुद्धिः (na tu kulavikalānāṃ vartate vṛttaśuddhiḥ) Avimārakam 2.5.

4) Agitated, weakened, dispirited, unnerved, drooping, sinking, languid; किमिति विषीदसि रोदिषि विकला विहसति युवतिसभा तव सकला (kimiti viṣīdasi rodiṣi vikalā vihasati yuvatisabhā tava sakalā) Gīt.9; विरहेण विकलहृदया (viraheṇa vikalahṛdayā) Bv.2.71,164; श्रुतियुगले पिकरुतविकले (śrutiyugale pikarutavikale) Gīt. 12; वहति विकलः कायो मोहं न मुञ्चकि चेतनाम् (vahati vikalaḥ kāyo mohaṃ na muñcaki cetanām) U.3.31. Māl. 7.1;9.12.

5) Ineffective, useless; विकलमिह पूर्वसुकृतम् (vikalamiha pūrvasukṛtam) Pt.5.9.

6) Wanting, failing.

7) Withered, decayed.

-lā, -lī A woman during her courses; (L. D. B. however says 'A woman who has passed child-bearing', ṛtuhīnā).

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Vikalā (विकला).—The sixtieth part of a Kalā, q. v.

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Vikāla (विकाल).—

1) Evening, evening twilight, the close of day.

2) Improper time, unseasonable hour; (avelā); अभिज्ञातकृतः पन्था विकाले गन्तुमिच्छता (abhijñātakṛtaḥ panthā vikāle gantumicchatā) Rām.2.99. 1; Mb.3.297.83; Pt.5.88/89.

Derivable forms: vikālaḥ (विकालः).

See also (synonyms): vikālaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vikāla (विकाल) or Vikāra.—(m.; = Pali id.; in Sanskrit evening, so also Pali and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]), wrong time: paradāre prasakto (v.l. °te) tatra kāle vā vikāle vā gacchati (mss. °nti) Mahāvastu i.243.18, in season and out of season; °la-caryā (compare Pali °la-cariyā), walking abroad at night (so Tibetan, mtshan mo ḥphyan pa) Mahāvyutpatti 2507 (Pali according to Childers, going on the monk's begging rounds in the afternoon); one of the six apāya- sthānāni (bhogānām); vikāla-bhojana (nt.; = Pali id.), or with Senart and mss. vikāra° (§ 2.49), eating at the wrong time, or eating at night or after noon, °bhojanāt prativirato Mahāvastu i.326.18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikala (विकल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Confused, confounded, agitated. 2. Defective, imperfect. 3. Decayed, impaired, withered, waned. f. (-lā or ) A woman in whom menstruation has ceased. n.

(-laṃ) The one-sixteenth of a Kala, the second of a degree. E. vi privative, and kalā a digit of the moon, &c.

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Vikāla (विकाल).—m.

(-laḥ) Twilight, the close of day. E. vi implying prohibition, (of peculiar ceremonies,) and kāla time.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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