Vijnanabhairava, aka: Vijnana-bhairava, Vijñānabhairava; 2 Definition(s)


Vijnanabhairava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Vijnanabhairava in Shaivism glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vijñānabhairava (विज्ञानभैरव) is a very ancient book on Yoga. It closely follows the basic principles of Śaivāgama. It contains 112 types of yoga. It has been referred to as Āgama, Śivavijñānopaniṣad, and Rudrayāmalasāra by Abhinavagupta. Yogarāja has referred to it as Śaivopaniṣad. Kṣemarāja has referred to it at many places in his commentary on Śiva-sūtras.

The text of Vijñānabhairava claims to be the quintessence of Rudrayāmala-tantra which means union of Rudra with His Śakti (Spiritual Energy). Tantras contain descriptionso f ritual practices, sacred formulae (mantras), mystical diagrams (yantras), gestures (mudrās), postures (āsanas), initiation (dīkṣā), yoga or mystic practices. Vijñānabhairava is purely a manual of mystic practices in accordance with Śaivāgama.

Source: Vijnana Bhairava or Divine Consciousness
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of vijnanabhairava in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Vijnanabhairava in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

The Vigyan Bhairav Tantra (Sanskrit: विज्ञान भैरव तन्त्र, Vijñāna Bhairava Tantra) is a key text of the Trika school of Kashmir Shaivism. Cast as a discourse between the god Shiva and his consort Devi or Shakti, it briefly presents 112 meditation methods or centering techniques (dharanas). These include several variants of breath awareness, concentration on various centers in the body, non-dual awareness, chanting, imagination and visualization and contemplation through each of the senses. A prerequisite to success in any of the 112 practices is a clear understanding of which method is most suitable to the practitioner.

The text is a chapter from the Rudrayamala Tantra, a Bhairava Agama. Devi, the goddess, asks Siva to reveal the essence of the way to realization of the highest reality. In his answer Siva describes 112 ways to enter into the universal and transcendental state of consciousness. References to it appear throughout the literature of Kashmir Shaivism, indicating that it was considered to be an important text in the monistic school of Kashmir Shaiva philosophy.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Relevant definitions

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