Vijna, Vijñā, Vijña, Vijnate: 13 definitions


Vijna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vigya.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Vijña (विज्ञ) refers to “knowing” (the auspicious day), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.110-113, while describing the king’s consecration]—“[...] When [he has] perfected [the king] through the nīrājana rite, O beloved, the Mantrin, in order to protect and with an eager mind focused on the fire, anoints many [male] goats to satisfy the spirit community [such as the Mātṛs, Yoginīs, and deities]. Once he knows (vijñavijñāya śakunaṃ) the auspicious words and day, then he goes forth in three directions [north, northeast, and west], conferring siddhi to all”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vijña (विज्ञ) refers to the “knower (of Brahman)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.48 (“Description of Marriage of Śiva and Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] On hearing these words of Himavat, Śiva of sweet face, turned His face away. He without sorrow attained a pitiable plight. When lord Śiva stood thus unable to say anything in reply and was seen so by the gods, sages, Gandharvas, Yakṣas, and Siddhas, O Nārada, you did something laughable. Urged by Śiva mentally O Nārada, you, the knower of Brahman (brahma-vijña) with mind fixed in Śiva, played on your Vīṇā. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vijñā (विज्ञा).—9 U.

1) To know, be aware of; विजानन्तोऽप्येते वयमिह विपज्जालजटिलान्न मुञ्चामः कामान् (vijānanto'pyete vayamiha vipajjālajaṭilānna muñcāmaḥ kāmān) Bhartṛhari 3.21.

2) To learn, comprehend, understand.

3) To ascertain, find out, learn from.

4) To regard, know to be, consider as.

5) To discern, discriminate, distinguish.

6) To be familiar with.

7) To become wise or learned; यथा यथा हि पुरुषः शास्त्रं समधिगच्छति । तथा तथा विजानाति (yathā yathā hi puruṣaḥ śāstraṃ samadhigacchati | tathā tathā vijānāti) Manusmṛti 4.2.

8) To explain, declare. -Caus. (vijñāpayati)

1) To request, beg (opp. ājñāpayati); सीता-आर्यपुत्र अस्ति मे विज्ञाप्यम् (sītā-āryaputra asti me vijñāpyam); रामः -नन्वाज्ञापय (rāmaḥ -nanvājñāpaya) Uttararāmacarita 1; R.5.2.

2) To communicate, inform.

3) To say, speak in general.

4) To teach, instruct.

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Vijña (विज्ञ).—a.

1) Knowing, intelligent, wise, learned.

2) Clever, skilful, proficient; देशकालनयैर्युक्तो विज्ञः कार्यविनिश्चये (deśakālanayairyukto vijñaḥ kāryaviniścaye) Rām.4.4.18.

-jñaḥ A wise or learned man.

See also (synonyms): vijānat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vijñā (विज्ञा).—(compare AMg. a-viṇṇā; no such noun seems recorded in Sanskrit or Pali), discretion, mature intelligence, in vijñā- prāpta or vijña° (with MIndic shortening before cons. cluster? § 9.6), arrived at years of discretion, of a child reaching maturity: ṛṣikumāro vijña- Mahāvastu ii.211.18 (prose; v.l. vijñā-); iii.145.8 (here mss. both āvijña°); yadā vijñā- prāpto 'smi iii.131.12 (no v.l.); sā dārikā vijñaprāptā 156.4 (no v.l.); yatra kāle vivṛddhā vijñaprāptā 184.6 (no v.l.); all prose. Since prāpta, q.v., may be preceded in composition by an adj., we might assume the Sanskrit adj. vijña as prior member here; but the occurrence of vijñā- makes this doubtful.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vijña (विज्ञ).—mfn.

(-jñaḥ-jñā-jñaṃ) 1. Skilful, able, clever, conversant. 2. Wise, learned. E. vi implying separation, discrimination, jña who knows.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vijña (विज्ञ).—[vi-jña], adj. 1. Knowing, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 90, 44. 2. Wise, [Cāṇakya] 20 in Berl. Monatsb. 1864, 408; [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 151 (but cf. Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 2042). 3. Skilful.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vijña (विज्ञ).—[adjective] knowing, wise, learned.

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Vijñā (विज्ञा).—perceive, find out, observe, notice, hear from ([genetive]); consider as, understand or know that (2 [accusative]); distinguish, discern, know thoroughly, become or be wise; vijñāyate it is well known or recognized (a rule, dogma, etc.); mā vijñāyi this ([preceding] [nominative]) is not to be understood ([grammar]). [Causative] make known, report, communicate, say that (2 [accusative]); make one understand, apprise, teach; interrogate, beg, ask for ([dative], prati, artham, or nimittam*).

Vijñā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and jñā (ज्ञा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vijñā (विज्ञा):—[=vi-√jñā] [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] -jānāti, -jānīte, to distinguish, discern, observe, investigate, recognize, ascertain, know, understand, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (with na and [infinitive mood] ‘to know not how to’);

—to have right knowledge, [Kaṭha-upaniṣad];

—to become wise or learned, [Manu-smṛti iv, 20];

—to hear or learn from ([genitive case]), [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata];

—to recognize in ([locative case]), [Pañcatantra];

—to look upon or regard or consider as (two [accusative]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to learn or understand that (two [accusative] or yat), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to explain, declare, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] :

—[Passive voice] -jñāyate, to be distinguished or discerned etc.;—([especially] 3. sg., ‘it is known or understood’ [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]; ‘it is recognized or prescribed’, [scilicet] by authorities, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra]; and in gram. mā vi-jñāyi with preceding [nominative case], ‘let this not be considered as’) :—[Causal] -jñapayati, or -jñāpayati (rarely te; [Aorist] vy-ajijñapat),

—to make known, declare, report, communicate, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.;

—to ask or request anything, [Harivaṃśa];

—to declare or tell that (two [accusative]), [Rāmāyaṇa];

—to apprise, teach, instruct, ask, beg (with [accusative] of [person]; and [dative case] of thing, or with artham ifc., or prati and [accusative]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.;

—to inform of or about (two [accusative]), [Rājataraṅgiṇī] :

—[Passive voice] (only [Conditional] vy-ajñāpayiṣyata, with [varia lectio] ṣyat), to become manifest, appear, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad vii, 2, 1] :—[Desiderative] of [Causal] See vi-jijñāpayiṣā below (cf. also vi-jñīpsu) :

—[Desiderative] -jijñāsati, te, to wish to understand or know etc., [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

2) Vijña (विज्ञ):—[=vi-jña] [from vi-jñā] mfn. knowing, intelligent, wise, clever

3) [v.s. ...] m. a wise man, sage, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vijña (विज्ञ):—[vi-jña] (jñaḥ-jñā-jñaṃ) a. Skilful, clever, wise.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vijñā (विज्ञा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Viāṇa, Vijāṇua, Vijja, Viṇṇā, Viṇṇu, Viṇṇua.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vijna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vijña (विज्ञ) [Also spelled vigya]:—(a and nm) knowledgeable; learned, wise (person); ~[jana] the learned; ~[] knowledgeability; learning, wisdom; -[maṃḍala] Brains Trust.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vijña (ವಿಜ್ಞ):—[adjective] having or showing much learning; well-informed; erudite; learned.

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Vijña (ವಿಜ್ಞ):—[noun] a learned man; a specialist in a particular branch of learning; a scholar.

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Vijñate (ವಿಜ್ಞತೆ):—[noun] the systematised knowledge of a learned person, exhibiting accuracy, critical ability, and thoroughness; erudition; scholarship.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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