Vij, Vīj: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Vij means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vij (विज्).—I. 3 U. (vevekti, vevikte, vikta)

1) To separate, divide.

2) To distinguish, discern, discriminate (usually with vi and allied to vic with vi q. v.) -II. 6 Ā., 7 P. (vijate, vinakti, vigna)

1) To shake, tremble.

2) To be agitated, tremble with fear.

3) To fear, be afraid; चक्रन्द विग्ना कुररीव भूयः (cakranda vignā kurarīva bhūyaḥ) R.14.68.

4) To be distressed or afflicted. -Caus. (vejayati-te) To terrify, frighten.

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Vij (विज्).—m. A bird; a die (?).

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Vīj (वीज्).—I. 1 Ā. (vījate) To go. -II.1 U. (vījayati-te)

1) To fan, cool by fanning; खं वीज्यते मणिमयैरिव तालवृन्तैः (khaṃ vījyate maṇimayairiva tālavṛntaiḥ) Mṛcchakaṭika 5.13; Kumārasambhava 2.42.

2) To stroke, caress. -With अभि, उप, परि (abhi, upa, pari) to fan; संलक्ष्यते पवनवेगचलैः पयोदै राजेव चामरवरैरुप- वीज्यमानः (saṃlakṣyate pavanavegacalaiḥ payodai rājeva cāmaravarairupa- vījyamānaḥ) Ṛtusaṃhāra 3.4; Ś.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vij (विज्).—[(au ira)auvijira] r. 3rd cl. (vevekti, vevikte) 1. To be distinct or separate, to differ. 2. To separate or divide, especially by reason; to judge, to distinguish, to discriminate. (o, ī,) ovijī r. 6th cl. (vijate, or usually with ud prefixed udvijate) also r. 7th cl. (vinakti) 1. To fear, to be afraid. 2. To tremble with fear. 3. To shake or tremble. 4. To be agitated or distressed. With ud, 1. To fear. 2. To be disgusted. 3. To be sorry. 4. To frighten.

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Vīj (वीज्).—r. 10th cl. (vījayati-te) To fan, to cool by fanning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vij (विज्).—ii. 7, vinaj, viñj, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To tremble. 2. To fear. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. vigna, Trembling, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 14, 88. [Causal.] vejaya, To terrify, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 8, 39.

— With the prep. ā ā, āvigna, Terrified, [Arjunasamāgama] 6, 9.

— With ud ud, i. 6, [Ātmanepada.] (in epic poetry also [Parasmaipada.], Mahābhārata 1, 5549; and i. 1, [Ātmanepada.], Mahābhārata 3, 2322). 1. To tremble, to be agitated, Mahābhārata 3, 2322. 2. To suffer uneasiness, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 161. 3. To fear (with the abl. and gen.), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 162; 7, 103; to abhor, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 191; to be reckless of (with abl.), [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 51, 1. 4. To terrify, Mahābhārata 2, 178. udvigna, 1. Terrified, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 9, 12. 2. Afflicted, sorrowful, [Hitopadeśa] 4, 2, M.M.; Chr. 11, 14. 3. Anxious. Comp. An-, adj. not afflicted, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 56. Ptcple. of the fut., pass. udvejanīya. 1. To be feared, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 142; fearful, horrible. [Causal.] To terrify, Mahābhārata 1, 8427. udvejita, 1. Terrified, [Pañcatantra] 209, 23. 2. Grieved, pained, [Pañcatantra] 222, 7. 3. Caused to leathe, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 181, 16; 185, 5.

— With nirud nis-ud, nirudvigna, Fearless (rather udvigna with nis), [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 16, 81.

— With paryud pari-ud, To suffer, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 66, 9.

— With samud sam-ud, samudvigna, Terrified, anxious, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 50, 16.

— With vi vi, vivigna, Agitated, stirred, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 339.

— With sam sam, saṃvigna, Very frightened, Mahābhārata 3, 2561.

— Cf. probably [Anglo-Saxon.] wicelian, vacillare, wince, A winch.

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Vij (विज्).—ii. 3, vevij, [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.] To be separate, to separate; cf. vic, at the end.

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Vij (विज्).— (m.), A die, for playing with, Chr. 295, 10 = [Rigveda.] i. 92, 10.

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Vīj (वीज्).—† i. 1, [Ātmanepada.] To go. i. 10 (properly a [denominative.] derived from vyaja), [Parasmaipada.] To fan, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 63, 9; Chr. 25, 56.

— With the prep. anu anu, i. 10, To fan, Mahābhārata 3, 1764.

— With ud ud, i. 10, To fan, Mahābhārata 3, 1757.

— With upa upa, i. 10, To fan, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 33, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vij (विज्).—1. vijate (ti & vejate), [participle] vigna (vikta) dart up or back ([intransitive]), tremble, flee from ([ablative]). [Causative] vejayati dart (tr.), frighten, agitate; strengthen, increase. [Intensive] vevijyate start up at ([dative]), flee from ([ablative]).

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Vij (विज्).—2. [substantive] stake at game.

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Vīj (वीज्).—vījati vījate fan, blow on; [Causative] vījayati kindle (fire).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vij (विज्):—1. vij (cf.vic) [class] 6. [Ātmanepada] vijate (mc. also vijati and vejate, and [according to] to [Dhātupāṭha xxix, 23 and xxv, 12] also [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] vinakti, and [class] 3. [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] vevekti, vevikte; [perfect tense] vivije, 3. [plural] jre, [Ṛg-veda]; [Aorist] vikthās, vikta, [ib.]; avijīt, avijiṣṭa [grammar]; [future] vijitā, [ib.]; vijiṣyati, [Mahābhārata]; vejiṣyati, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]; [infinitive mood] vijitum [grammar]),

—to move with a quick darting motion, speed, heave (said of waves), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa];

—to start back, recoil, flee from ([ablative]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] :

—[Causal] vejayati ([Aorist] avīvijat), to speed, accelerate, [Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa];

—to increase (See vejita);

—to terrify (See idem) :—[Desiderative] vivijiṣati [grammar]:

—[Intensive] vevijyate (p. vevijāna), to tremble at ([dative case]), start or flee from ([ablative]), [Ṛg-veda]

2) cf. [German] wīchen, weichen; [Anglo-Saxon] wīkan; [English] vigorous; weak.

3) 2. vij m. or f. ([probably]) a stake at play, [Ṛg-veda] (‘a bird’ [Sāyaṇa])

4) Vīj (वीज्):—(cf. √1. vij) [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] vījati, te ([perfect tense] vivyajuḥ), to fan, cool by blowing upon or fanning, [Harivaṃśa];

—to sprinkle with water, [Mahābhārata] (according to, [Dhātupāṭha vi, 24] only [Ātmanepada] ‘to go’) :—[Causal] or [class] 10. ([Dhātupāṭha xxxv, 84]), vījayati ([Passive voice] vījyate), to fan, blow, kindle (fire), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.;

—to stroke, caress, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vij (विज्):—(au, ira, li) vivekti 3. a. To be distinct or separate; to differ; to discriminate, to judge. (o i śa) vijata 6. d. with upa to fear, tremble. Also (o i dha) vinakti 7. a.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vij in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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