Vigama: 14 definitions
Vigama means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Jainism)
Vigama (विगम, “perishing”) refers to one of the three ‘holy steps’ as taught by Ṛṣabha, according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
“[...] then the Lord of the World taught eighty-four wise ascetics—Ṛṣabhasena and others, who had the body-making karma of Gaṇabhṛts, the holy ‘three steps,’ origination (utpāda), perishing (vigama), and permanence (dhrauvya), the mother of all the scriptures. He taught the fourteen pūrvas, and then they gradually made the twelve aṅgas in accordance with the ‘three steps’.”.
Vigama (विगम) refers to the “avoidance” (of all mental blindness), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Alone [the living soul] who is very wise becomes a god [like] a bee on a lotus [like] the face of a woman. Alone, being cut by swords, he appropriates a hellish embryo. Alone the one who is ignorant, driven by the fire of anger, etc., does action. Alone [the living soul] enjoys the empire of knowledge in the avoidance of all mental blindness (sarva-āvaraṇa-vigama). [Thus ends the reflection on] solitariness”.
Synonyms: Vinaṣṭa, Nāśa, Viccheda, Vilaya.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
vigama : (m.) departure; disappearance; going away.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Vigama, (-°) (fr. vi+gam) going away, disappearance, departing, departure Dāvs. V, 68 (sabb’āsava°); DhsA. 166; Sdhp. 388 (jighacchā°), 503 (sandeha°). (Page 614)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
1) Departure, disappearance, cessation, end; चारुनृत्यविगमे च तन्मुखम् (cārunṛtyavigame ca tanmukham) R.19.15; ईतिविगम (ītivigama) M.5.2; Ṛs. 6.23.
2) Abandoning; करणविगमात् (karaṇavigamāt) Meghadūta 57 (dehatyāgāt).
3) Loss, destruction.
5) Separation; यथा क्रीडोपस्कराणां संयोगविगमाविह (yathā krīḍopaskarāṇāṃ saṃyogavigamāviha) Bhāgavata 1.13.43.
Derivable forms: vigamaḥ (विगमः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Vigama (विगम).—m. (1) a high number: °maḥ Mahāvyutpatti 7790 = [Page483-a+ 71] Tibetan dpal (read dpag) bral; °masya Gaṇḍavyūha 106.17; corresponds to nigama, q.v.; both cited in [Tibetan-English Dictionary] as = Tibetan dpag bral; (2) name of a medicament: vigama-bhaiṣajya-bhūtaṃ Gaṇḍavyūha 494.23; °mo nāma bhaiṣajyaṃ 497.7.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-maḥ) 1. Separation, parting. 2. Destruction, death. 3. Relinquishment. E. vi apart, and gama going.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vigama (विगम).—[vi-gam + a], m. 1. Parting, withdrawing. [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 22. 2. Separation.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vigama (विगम).—[masculine] departure, disappearance, absence, cessation.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vigama (विगम):—[=vi-gama] [from vi-gam] m. going away, departure, cessation, end, absence, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) abstention from, avoidance, [Yājñavalkya]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vigama (विगम):—[vi-gama] (maḥ) 1. m. Separation.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Vigama (विगम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vigama.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Vigama (विगम) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vigama.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Vigamacandra, Vigaman, Vigamana.
Ends with: Avigama, Cetavigama, Divasavigama, Karanavigama, Khedavigama, Ratrivigama, Sampradayavigama.
Full-text: Ratrivigama, Divasavigama, Sampradayavigama, Vigamacandra, Karanavigama, Nigama, Khedavigama, Avigama, Vinashta, Nasa, Vilaya, Sarvavarana, Avarana, Dhrauvya, Utpada, Viccheda, Vibhava, Sampradaya, Hetu.
Search found 2 books and stories containing Vigama, Vi-gama; (plurals include: Vigamas, gamas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 3: Rama’s visit to Kṛṣṇa < [Chapter XII - Baladeva’s going to heaven]
Part 15: The foundation of the tīrtha < [Chapter III]
Appendix 1.6: New and rare words < [Appendices]
A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms (by William Edward Soothill)