Vigama: 14 definitions


Vigama means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Vigama (विगम, “perishing”) refers to one of the three ‘holy steps’ as taught by Ṛṣabha, according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.


“[...] then the Lord of the World taught eighty-four wise ascetics—Ṛṣabhasena and others, who had the body-making karma of Gaṇabhṛts, the holy ‘three steps,’ origination (utpāda), perishing (vigama), and permanence (dhrauvya), the mother of all the scriptures. He taught the fourteen pūrvas, and then they gradually made the twelve aṅgas in accordance with the ‘three steps’.”.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vigama (विगम) refers to the “avoidance” (of all mental blindness), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Alone [the living soul] who is very wise becomes a god [like] a bee on a lotus [like] the face of a woman. Alone, being cut by swords, he appropriates a hellish embryo. Alone the one who is ignorant, driven by the fire of anger, etc., does action. Alone [the living soul] enjoys the empire of knowledge in the avoidance of all mental blindness (sarva-āvaraṇa-vigama). [Thus ends the reflection on] solitariness”.

Synonyms: Vinaṣṭa, Nāśa, Viccheda, Vilaya.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vigama : (m.) departure; disappearance; going away.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vigama, (-°) (fr. vi+gam) going away, disappearance, departing, departure Dāvs. V, 68 (sabb’āsava°); DhsA. 166; Sdhp. 388 (jighacchā°), 503 (sandeha°). (Page 614)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vigama (विगम).—

1) Departure, disappearance, cessation, end; चारुनृत्यविगमे च तन्मुखम् (cārunṛtyavigame ca tanmukham) R.19.15; ईतिविगम (ītivigama) M.5.2; Ṛs. 6.23.

2) Abandoning; करणविगमात् (karaṇavigamāt) Meghadūta 57 (dehatyāgāt).

3) Loss, destruction.

4) Death.

5) Separation; यथा क्रीडोपस्कराणां संयोगविगमाविह (yathā krīḍopaskarāṇāṃ saṃyogavigamāviha) Bhāgavata 1.13.43.

Derivable forms: vigamaḥ (विगमः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vigama (विगम).—m. (1) a high number: °maḥ Mahāvyutpatti 7790 = [Page483-a+ 71] Tibetan dpal (read dpag) bral; °masya Gaṇḍavyūha 106.17; corresponds to nigama, q.v.; both cited in [Tibetan-English Dictionary] as = Tibetan dpag bral; (2) name of a medicament: vigama-bhaiṣajya-bhūtaṃ Gaṇḍavyūha 494.23; °mo nāma bhaiṣajyaṃ 497.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vigama (विगम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Separation, parting. 2. Destruction, death. 3. Relinquishment. E. vi apart, and gama going.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vigama (विगम).—[vi-gam + a], m. 1. Parting, withdrawing. [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 22. 2. Separation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vigama (विगम).—[masculine] departure, disappearance, absence, cessation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vigama (विगम):—[=vi-gama] [from vi-gam] m. going away, departure, cessation, end, absence, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) abstention from, avoidance, [Yājñavalkya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vigama (विगम):—[vi-gama] (maḥ) 1. m. Separation.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vigama (विगम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vigama.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vigama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Vigama (विगम) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vigama.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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