Vidyunmalin, Vidyunmālī, Vidyunmālin, Vidyut-malin, Vidyunmali: 10 definitions


Vidyunmalin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vidyunmalin in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Vidyunmālī (विद्युन्माली).—One of the eight principal ministers of Mahiṣāsura, an asura chieftain from the city Mahiṣa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 93. All of these ministers were learned, valiant and just.

2) Vidyunmālī (विद्युन्माली).—One of the twelve rākṣasas facing the twelve ādityas in the battle of the gods (devas) between the demons (asuras), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 94. This battle was initiated by Mahiṣāsura in order to win over the hand of Vaiṣṇavī, the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vidyunmālī (विद्युन्माली).—A son of Tārakāsura. He was one of the Tripuras. (For details see under Tripura).

2) Vidyunmālī (विद्युन्माली).—A mighty and brave Rākṣasa who was a friend of Rāvaṇa. After the death of Rāvaṇa, this asura, who lived in the Pātāla (underworld) stole away the sacrificial horse of Śrī Rāma to avenge the death of Rāvaṇa. Śatrughna killed Vidyunmālī and redeemed the sacrificial horse. (Padma Purāṇa, Pātāla Khaṇḍa).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vidyunmālī (विद्युन्माली) refers to one of the three sons of Tāraka-Asura, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.1 (“Description of Tripura—the three cities”).—Accordingly, as Sanatkumāra narrated to Vyāsa: “O great sage, when the Asura Tāraka was killed by Skanda, the son of Śiva, his three sons performed austerities. The eldest of them was Tārakākṣa, the middle one Vidyunmālī and the youngest Kamalākṣa. All of them were of equal strength. They were self-controlled, well prepared, disciplined, truthful, of steady mind, heroic and inimical to the gods. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vidyunmālī (विद्युन्माली).—One of Bhaṇḍa's eight councillors.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 12. 12.

1b) The Asura of great penance who took a glorious part in the Tārakāmaya war;1 on the side of Maya; he received a deadly wound from Nandi and fell dead; restored to life by Maya with the medicinal waters of the tank;2 his battle with Nandi and death.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 129. 5.
  • 2) Ib. 131. 22.
  • 3) Ib. 136. 16 f; 138. 47; 140. 18-36.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Vidyunmāli (विद्युन्मालि) refers to one of the three sons of the demon Tāraka, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Saurapurāṇa in two chapters 34 and 35 relates the Tripuradhana myth thus:—“[...] The demon Tāraka who was killed by Kārttikeya had three sons namely Vidyunmāli, Tārakākṣa and Kamalāksa. These powerful demons propitiated Brahmā with their formidable penance. They received the boon that they would not be killed by the Devas and the Asuras. [...] Then the demons consulting each other prayed Brahmā to grant the boon of establishing three cities and live there roaming in the three worlds. [...] Then Maya, the architect, created three cities, the iron one in the earth for Vidyunmāli, the silver one in the midair for Tārakākṣa and the other of gold in the heaven for Kamalāksa”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Vidyunmalin in Kavya glossary
Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Vidyunmālin (विद्युन्मालिन्) is the name of a God previously known as Kumāranandin, as mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Accordingly, “[...] Upon his death, he becomes the god Vidyunmālin. Meanwhile, his friend, a convert to Jinism, became a sky god Acyuta upon his death. The gods come to meet. The old friend explains to Nagila what brought him this rebirth. Awakened, Vidyunmālin asks what work of merit he can accomplish: the statue of sandalwood”.

Cf.  Āvaśyakacūrṇi I 397.5-398.14; Āvasyakaniryukti (Haribhadra commentary) b.3-a.l; Bṛhatkalpabhāṣya (v. 5225) 1388.29-1389.4; NiBh 140.5-142.2 (named Aṇaṃgaseṇa); Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra X.ll.v. 332-381: Johnson VI p. 285-289.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Vidyunmalin in Jainism glossary
Source: Tessitori Collection I

Vidyunmālin (विद्युन्मालिन्) or Vidyunmālikathā refers to one of the 157 stories embedded in the Kathāmahodadhi by Somacandra (narrating stories from Jain literature, based on the Karpūraprakara), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Kathāmahodadhi represents a repository of 157 stories [e.g., Vidyunmāli-kathā] written in prose Sanskrit, although each of them is preceded by a verse. Together, they stage a large number of Jain characters (including early teachers). [...]

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidyunmalin in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidyunmālin (विद्युन्मालिन्).—[adjective] poss. to [preceding]; [masculine] [Name] of an Asura & Rākṣasa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidyunmālin (विद्युन्मालिन्):—[=vidyun-mālin] [from vidyun > vi-dyut] mfn. wreathed with l°, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of an Asura, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasa, [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a god, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Vidyā-dhara, [ib.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vidyunmalin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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