Vidyadhari, Vidyādharī: 5 definitions
Vidyadhari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Vidyādharī (विद्याधरी) refers to a group of deities, abounding the top of the Himālaya mountain, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On the top of the mountain near the city of Himālaya (śailarājapura), Śiva sported about for a long time in the company of Satī. [...] Many kinds of semid-ivine beings the Aśvamukhas, the Siddhas, the Apsaras, the Guhyakas, etc. roamed there. Their women-folk, the Vidyādharīs, the Kinnarīs and the mountain lasses played about here and there. The celestial damsels played on their lutes, tabours and drums and danced with enthusiasm.”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Vidyādharī (विद्याधरी).—A Vanacāriṇī.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 9. 3.
1b) The women of the Vidyādharas.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 23. 37-8; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 50. 40.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vidyādharī (विद्याधरी) is the daughter of king Surasena from Surapura, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, as Nārāyaṇī narrated to a group of divine mothers (mātṛcakra) in presence of Candrasvāmin, who was listening from a tree: “... he [Surasena] has a daughter renowned for beauty, named Vidyādharī. When it was time for her to be given in marriage, the king heard that a son of King Vimala, named Prabhākara, was equal to her in beauty”.
The story of Vidyādharī was narrated by Marubhūti order to entertain the company of prince Naravāhanadatta.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vidyādharī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Languages of India and abroad
1) Vidyādharī (विद्याधरी):—[=vidyā-dharī] [from vidyā-dhara > vidyā > vid] f. a female of the above class of supernatural beings, fairy, sylph, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Śūra-sena, [Kathāsaritsāgara]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Vidyādhari (ವಿದ್ಯಾಧರಿ):—[noun] a celestial woman belonging to the class of ವಿದ್ಯಾಧರ [vidyadhara].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Vidya, Dharin.
Starts with: Vidyadharibhu, Vidyadhariparijana, Vidyadharivilasa.
Ends with: Pancangavidyadhari.
Full-text (+89): Cutamanjari, Vidyadhariparijana, Maruttaruni, Svarnarekha, Malayagandhini, Ajinavati, Ratnamanjari, Shaktiyashas, Dhanavati, Vidyadharibhu, Vidyadharivilasa, Yogeshvari, Vegavati, Khecari, Celestial damsel, Hemaprabha, Haroa, Madalasa, Yogeshvara, Chandraketugarh.
Search found 24 books and stories containing Vidyadhari, Vidyādharī, Vidya-dhari, Vidyā-dharī, Vidyādhari; (plurals include: Vidyadharis, Vidyādharīs, dharis, dharīs, Vidyādharis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 6.1.33 < [Chapter 1 - Jarāsandha’s Defeat]
Verse 5.8.45 < [Chapter 8 - The Killing of Kaṃsa]
Verse 1.16.36 < [Chapter 16 - Description of Śrī Rādhikā’s Wedding]
The Practice Manual of Noble Tārā Kurukullā (by Dharmachakra Translation Committee)
Chapter 1 < [Appendix - Sanskrit Text]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 2: Description of Vārāṇasī < [Chapter V - Supārśvanāthacaritra]
Part 2: Incarnation as Suvidhi (introduction) < [Chapter VII - Suvidhināthacaritra]
Part 2: Kanakavatī’s parents < [Chapter III - Vasudeva’s Marriage with Kanakavatī and her Former Incarnations]
The Markandeya Purana (Study) (by Chandamita Bhattacharya)
Women in the Field of Education < [Chapter 2]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 158 - Glory of Anaṅgeśvara (Anaṅga-īśvara) < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 82 - Exploits of Amitrajit < [Section 2 - Uttarārdha]
Chapter 30 - Tāraka is Slain < [Section 1 - Kedāra-khaṇḍa]
Naishadha-charita of Shriharsha (by Krishna Kanta Handiqui)
Introduction to Īśānadeva’s commentary < [Introduction]