Viduratha, Vidūratha, Vīdūratha, Viḍūratha: 6 definitions
Viduratha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Vidūratha (विदूरथ):—Son of Suratha (son of Jahnu who was one of the four sons of Kuru). He had a son named Sārvabhauma. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.10)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Vidūratha (विदूरथ).—A king of the Vṛṣṇi dynasty. Information got from Mahābhārata about this king is given below.
(i) Vidūratha also was present at the Svayaṃvara marriage of Draupadī. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Stanza 19).
(ii) In Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 218, Stanza 10, mention is made that the brightness of this king increased after his participation in the festival conducted on mount Raivata.
(iii) Vidūratha was one of the seven famous and mighty kings of the Yadu dynasty. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 60, Stanza 14).
(iv) Vidūratha was a close friend of Śiśupāla, Śālva, Jarāsandha and so on. Jarāsandha employed this Vidūratha as the guardian of the Eastern entrance of the city of Mathurā. When Śrī Kṛṣṇa killed his brother Dantavaktra, Śālva, Śiśupāla and others, Vidūratha ran to take revenge on Kṛṣṇa. But he was killed by Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).
(v) It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Svargārohaṇa Parva, Chapter 5, Stanza 16, that after death he joined the Viśvadevas.
2) Vidūratha (विदूरथ).—A king of the Pūru dynasty. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 49, Stanza 75, that Ṛkṣavān hid the son of this king in a mountain and saved him from the Kṣatriya-extermination of Paraśurāma and at that time spotted leopards brought up this child.
3) Vidūratha (विदूरथ).—A king who was the friend of the hermit Bhalanda. This king had two sons named Sunīti and Sumati and a daughter named Mudāvatī. One day while Vidūratha was hunting in the forest, he saw a cleavage on the earth caused by the yawning of Kujṛmbhāsura. The king stood there for a while looking at the cleavage. Then the hermit Suvrata who had been standing close by approached the king and said. "This asura Kujṛmbha has a divine pestle with him. Because of the possession of this pestle he has become invincible and is a threat to the whole world."
Vidūratha, who knew everything from Suvrata, lived cautiously. One day his daughter was carried away by this Kujṛmbhāsura. Sunīti and Sumati confronted the asura to rescue their sister but were made captives. Finally Vatsapri, the son of the hermit Bhalanda killed the Rākṣasa (giant) and liberated princess Mudāvatī. (Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa, Chapter 113).
4) Viḍūratha (विडूरथ).—A king born in the family of Bharata, the son of Duṣyanta. The father of this king was Suratha and his son was Sārvabhauma. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).
5) Viḍūratha (विडूरथ).—Brother of Dantavaktra. When Śrī Kṛṣṇa had defeated Dantavaktra, his brother Viḍūratha came to fight with Śrī Kṛṣṇa and was killed in the fight. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Vidūratha (विदूरथ).—A son of Suratha, and father of Sārvabhauma.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 230; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 3-4.
1c) (Vidūra, Vāyu-purāṇa)—a son of Bhajamāna, a skilled charioteer.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 136; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 135.
1d) A son of the IV. Ṛtu (vā. p.) Sāvarṇi Manu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 98.
1e) A son of Nirvṛti and father of Daśārha.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 40.
2a) Vīdūratha (वीदूरथ).—A son of Cītraratha, and of Vṛṣṇi tribe. Father of Śūra.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 18 and 26; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 23.
2b) A son of Bhajamāna and father of Rājādhideva.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 77.
2c) A son of Suratha.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 35.
2d) The king and ally of Bhīṣmaka and Jarāsandha.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 26. 7.
Viḍūratha (विडूरथ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.18) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Viḍūratha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vidūratha (विदूरथ):—m. (perhaps for vidūra-ratha) Name of a Muni, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
2) of a son of the 12th Manu, [Harivaṃśa]
3) of a king, [ib.]
4) of a descendant of Vṛṣṇi, [Mahābhārata]
5) of a son of Kuru, [ib.]
6) of a son of Bhajamāna and father of Śūra, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]
7) of a son of Su-ratha and father of Ṛkṣa (Sārvabhauma), [ib.]
8) of a son of Citra-ratha, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
9) of the father of Su-nīti and Su-mati, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa] etc.
10) of a man who was killed by his wife
11) cf. [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra vii, 54; Vāsavadattā, [Introduction], p.53.]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Vidūratha (विदूरथ):—m. Nomen proprium eines Muni [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 48, 64.] eines Sohnes des 12ten Manu [Harivaṃśa 484.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 94, 26.] eines Fürsten [Harivaṃśa 5017. 5081. 5498. 6643.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss 189 (46. fg. ).] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 7, 34.] aus Vṛṣṇi’s Geschlecht [Mahābhārata 1, 6999. 7915. 7, 408.] pauravadāyādo vidūrathasutaḥ [12, 1791.] ein Sohn Kuru's [Mahābhārata 1, 3792. fg.] (vidūra ed. Bomb.). dākṣiṇātyo bhūbhṛt [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 109, 10.] ein Sohn Bhajamāna’s und Vater Śūra’s [Harivaṃśa 2032.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 436.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 24, 25.] ein Sohn Suratha's und Vater Ṛkṣa’s (Sārvabhauma’s) [Harivaṃśa 1816.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 457.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 22, 10.] ein Sohn Citraratha's [24, 17.] Vater Sunīti’s und Sumati's [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 116, 8. 10. fgg.] wird von seiner Gattin getödtet [KĀM. NĪTIS. 7, 54.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 78, 1] [?(Kullūka zu Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 153). Spr. 1353. HALL in der Einl. zu VĀSAVAD. 53.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Vidurathavamsha.
Full-text (+13): Sarvabhauma, Mudavant, Anashvan, Suratha, Mudavati, Suniti, Rajadhideva, Bhajamana, Jayasena, Nirvriti, Bhishma, Vrishnivamsha, Bindumati, Sampriya, Vidurathavamsha, Udayana, Kujrimbha, Bindumant, Sura, Sumati.
Search found 22 books and stories containing Viduratha, Vidūratha, Vīdūratha, Viḍūratha; (plurals include: Vidurathas, Vidūrathas, Vīdūrathas, Viḍūrathas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter CLVI - Expostulation of sindhu by his minister < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]
Chapter XLVII - Encounter of sindhu and viduratha < [Book III - Utpatti khanda (utpatti khanda)]
Chapter L - Death of viduratha < [Book III - Utpatti khanda (utpatti khanda)]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 17 - Vidūratha Goes Ahunting < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 63 - Dhanuḥsāhasraka (dhanuḥsāhasraka-īśvara-liṅga) < [Section 2 - Caturaśīti-liṅga-māhātmya]
Chapter 19 - Greatness of Pitṛkūpikā Tīrtha < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
The Matsya Purana (critical study) (by Kushal Kalita)