Viduratha, aka: Vidūratha, Vīdūratha, Viḍūratha; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Viduratha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Viduratha in Purana glossaries]

Vidūratha (विदूरथ):—Son of Suratha (son of Jahnu who was one of the four sons of Kuru). He had a son named Sārvabhauma. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.10)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Vidūratha (विदूरथ).—A king of the Vṛṣṇi dynasty. Information got from Mahābhārata about this king is given below.

(i) Vidūratha also was present at the Svayaṃvara marriage of Draupadī. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Stanza 19).

(ii) In Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 218, Stanza 10, mention is made that the brightness of this king increased after his participation in the festival conducted on mount Raivata.

(iii) Vidūratha was one of the seven famous and mighty kings of the Yadu dynasty. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 60, Stanza 14).

(iv) Vidūratha was a close friend of Śiśupāla, Śālva, Jarāsandha and so on. Jarāsandha employed this Vidūratha as the guardian of the Eastern entrance of the city of Mathurā. When Śrī Kṛṣṇa killed his brother Dantavaktra, Śālva, Śiśupāla and others, Vidūratha ran to take revenge on Kṛṣṇa. But he was killed by Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).

(v) It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Svargārohaṇa Parva, Chapter 5, Stanza 16, that after death he joined the Viśvadevas.

2) Vidūratha (विदूरथ).—A king of the Pūru dynasty. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 49, Stanza 75, that Ṛkṣavān hid the son of this king in a mountain and saved him from the Kṣatriya-extermination of Paraśurāma and at that time spotted leopards brought up this child.

3) Vidūratha (विदूरथ).—A king who was the friend of the hermit Bhalanda. This king had two sons named Sunīti and Sumati and a daughter named Mudāvatī. One day while Vidūratha was hunting in the forest, he saw a cleavage on the earth caused by the yawning of Kujṛmbhāsura. The king stood there for a while looking at the cleavage. Then the hermit Suvrata who had been standing close by approached the king and said. "This asura Kujṛmbha has a divine pestle with him. Because of the possession of this pestle he has become invincible and is a threat to the whole world."

Vidūratha, who knew everything from Suvrata, lived cautiously. One day his daughter was carried away by this Kujṛmbhāsura. Sunīti and Sumati confronted the asura to rescue their sister but were made captives. Finally Vatsapri, the son of the hermit Bhalanda killed the Rākṣasa (giant) and liberated princess Mudāvatī. (Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa, Chapter 113).

4) Viḍūratha (विडूरथ).—A king born in the family of Bharata, the son of Duṣyanta. The father of this king was Suratha and his son was Sārvabhauma. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).

5) Viḍūratha (विडूरथ).—Brother of Dantavaktra. When Śrī Kṛṣṇa had defeated Dantavaktra, his brother Viḍūratha came to fight with Śrī Kṛṣṇa and was killed in the fight. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Vidūratha (विदूरथ).—A son of Suratha, and father of Sārvabhauma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 230; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 3-4.

1b) A brother of Dantavaktra: Heard of his brother's death and attacked Kṛṣṇa who cut off his head.1 Stationed by Jarāsandha on the eastern gate of Mathurā: arrived at Kuṇḍina.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 78. 11-12; II. 7. 34.
  • 2) Ib. X. 50. 11[2]; 53. 17.

1c) (Vidūra, Vāyu-purāṇa)—a son of Bhajamāna, a skilled charioteer.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 136; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 135.

1d) A son of the IV. Ṛtu (vā. p.) Sāvarṇi Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 98.

1e) A son of Nirvṛti and father of Daśārha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 40.

2a) Vīdūratha (वीदूरथ).—A son of Cītraratha, and of Vṛṣṇi tribe. Father of Śūra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 18 and 26; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 23.

2b) A son of Bhajamāna and father of Rājādhideva.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 77.

2c) A son of Suratha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 35.

2d) The king and ally of Bhīṣmaka and Jarāsandha.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 26. 7.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of viduratha in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Viduratha in Itihasa glossaries]

Viḍūratha (विडूरथ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.18) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Viḍūratha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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