Vidhvamsa, Vidhvaṃsa: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Vidhvamsa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vidhvans.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Vidhvaṃsa (विध्वंस) or Vidhvaṃsarasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 4, ajīrṇa: indigestion). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., vidhvaṃsa-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Vidhvamsa in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vidhvaṃsa (विध्वंस) refers to “destruction (of crops)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] If the eclipsed disc should appear white, there will be prosperity and plenty in the land, but the Brāhmins will suffer; persons who live by fire will be afflicted with miseries. If the disc should appear yellow, there will be increase of disease in the land and crops will suffer [i.e., vidhvaṃsa]. If the disc should appear of gold color, swift footed animals and the Mlecchas will suffer and there will be famine in the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vidhvamsa in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vidhvaṃsa (विध्वंस) refers to “destruction” (of meditation), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.24 (“Śiva consents to marry Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Viṣṇu and others: “[...] O gods, meditation of everyone had been spoiled [i.e., dhyāna-vidhvaṃsa] by the stubborn Kāma, the great archer formerly. Kāma leads to hell; lust to anger, anger to delusion and delusion destroys penance. Anger and lust shall be eschewed by you, the best of gods. My words shall be headed by you all and not otherwise”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Vidhvamsa in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vidhvaṃsa (विध्वंस) refers to the “confusion” (of intelligence), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Fools mourn for relations experiencing the results of their own actions [but] because of the confusion of [their] intelligence (buddhi-vidhvaṃsabuddhividhvaṃsād) [they do] not [mourn for] themselves situated in Yama’s fangs. In this forest that is the cycle of rebirth dwelt in by Yama the serpent-king, the men of olden times, who were eternal previously, have come to an end”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidhvamsa in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vidhvaṃsa (विध्वंस).—m S Fracture; or rupture and destruction thence arising; broken or burst and thus destroyed state. 2 Destruction or ruin in general.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vidhvaṃsa (विध्वंस).—m Fracture. Destruction.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidhvamsa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidhvaṃsa (विध्वंस).—

1) Ruin, destruction.

2) Enmity, aversion, dislike.

3) An insult, offence.

4) Cessation (of a disease).

5) Violation (of a woman).

Derivable forms: vidhvaṃsaḥ (विध्वंसः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhvaṃsa (विध्वंस).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. Aversion, disrespect, enmity, dislike. 2. Offence, insult. 2. Destruction. E. vi before, dhvaṃs to fall, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhvaṃsa (विध्वंस).—[vi-dhvaṃs + a], m. 1. Aversion. 2. Disrespect. 3. Offence, [Kirātārjunīya] 3, 16. 4. Destruction.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhvaṃsa (विध्वंस).—[masculine] fall, ruin, destruction, harm, injury, violation (of a woman).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidhvaṃsa (विध्वंस):—[=vi-dhvaṃsa] [from vi-dhvas] m. ruin, destruction, hurt, injury, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] cessation (of a disease), [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] insult, offence, [Kirātārjunīya]

4) [v.s. ...] violation (of a woman), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhvaṃsa (विध्वंस):—[vi-dhvaṃsa] (saḥ) 1. m. Aversion, enmity.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vidhvaṃsa (विध्वंस) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Viddhaṃsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vidhvamsa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidhvamsa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vidhvaṃsa (विध्वंस) [Also spelled vidhvans]:—(nm) destruction, devastation; subversion; demolition; ~[ka] a destroyer; destructive, one who or that which spells devastation; ~[kartā] destroyer; —[ke bīja bonā] to sow the seeds of devastation/destruction.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidhvamsa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vidhvaṃsa (ವಿಧ್ವಂಸ):—

1) [noun] the act of destroying.

2) [noun] the condition of being destroyed.

3) [noun] a killing or being killed.

4) [noun] an open or intentional insult; slight to one’s dignity; affront.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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