Vidarana, Vidāraṇa: 19 definitions
Vidarana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Vidaran.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Vidāraṇa (विदारण) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Vidāraṇanṛsiṃha or Vidāraṇanarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.
The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Vidaraṇa (विदरण, “opening”) (Daraṇa) refers to several types of mokṣa (“termination”) of solar and lunar eclipses, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the lunar eclipse should commence at the eastern point and terminate at the western point of the disc, the termination is known as jaraṇa (decaying): mankind will be afflicted with hunger and with wars: where then will they go for protection? If the middle of the eclipsed disc should first begin to clear, the termination is known as madhyavidaraṇa (central opening): there will be anger at heart and prosperity over the land but not much rain. If the edge should first begin to clear all round, while there is darkness in the centre, the termination is known as antavidaraṇa (terminal opening): Madhyadeśa or Central Provinces will suffer, and the crops of Śarat will be injured”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Vidāraṇa (विदारण) refers to the “one who splits (Nāgas)”, [as taught by the Bhagavān in the ‘great heart called the Garuḍa-flame’], according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Vidāraṇa (विदारण) refers to “proclaiming other’s sins” and is one of the twenty-four activities (kriyā) of sāmparāyika (transmigression-extending influx). Sāmparāyika is one two types of āsrava (influx) which represents the flow of karma particles towards the soul, which is due to the three activities: manoyoga ( activities of mind), kāyayoga ( activities of body) and vacanayoga (activities of speech).Kriyā (‘activities’, such as vidāraṇa) is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
vidāraṇa : (nt.) rending; splitting.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Vidāraṇa, (nt.) (fr. vidāreti) splitting, rending Dhtp 247 (in explanation of dar), 381 (do of bhid). (Page 621)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
vidāraṇa (विदारण).—n (S) vidāraṇā f (S) Tearing, ripping, rending. 2 Splitting, severing, cleaving, dividing by violence. 3 (Esp. in poetry.) Killing, slaughtering, massacring. 4 fig. Ripping or tearing up; disclosing and exposing (faults or foibles): also dissecting or opening up (an occult subject).Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vidāraṇa (विदारण).—n-ṇā f Tearing; splitting. Killing.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Vidāraṇa (विदारण).—1 A tree or rock in the middle of a stream (to which a boat is fastened).
2) War, battle.
3) The Karṇikāra tree.
-ṇā War, battle.
-ṇam 1 Rending, splitting, tearing, ripping up, breaking, (often with the force of an adj. at the end of comp.); श्रुतं सखे श्रवणविदारणं वचः (śrutaṃ sakhe śravaṇavidāraṇaṃ vacaḥ) Mu.5.6; युवजनहृदयविदारणमनसिज- नखरुचिकिंशुकजाले (yuvajanahṛdayavidāraṇamanasija- nakharucikiṃśukajāle) Gītagovinda 1; Kirātārjunīya 14.54.
2) Afflicting, tormenting.
3) Killing, slaughter.
Derivable forms: vidāraṇaḥ (विदारणः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇaṃ) 1. Tearing, breaking, splitting, severing, dividing. 2. Paining, afficting. 3. Killing, slaughter. mf.
(-ṇaḥ-ṇā) War, battle. m.
(-ṇaḥ) A tree, (Pterospermum acerifolium.) E. vi before, dṛ to tear, aff. lyuṭ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vidāraṇa (विदारण).—i. e. vi-dṛ10 + ana, I. m. The name of a tree. Ii. n. 1. Tearing, breaking, [Pañcatantra] i. e. 418. 2. Killing. 3. Afflicting. Iii. n., and f. ṇā, War, battle.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vidaraṇa (विदरण).—[neuter] bursting, splitting.
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Vidāraṇa (विदारण).—[adjective] ([feminine] ī) & [neuter] tearing or breaking asunder, splitting, piercing, crushing, wounding.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vidaraṇa (विदरण):—[=vi-daraṇa] [from vi-dara > vi-dṝ] n. tearing asunder, reading, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] = vidradhi, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) Vidāraṇa (विदारण):—[=vi-dāraṇa] [from vi-dāra > vi-dṝ] mf(ī)n. tearing or rending asunder, breaking, splitting, cleaving, piercing, crushing, lacerating, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] m. Pterospermum Acerifolium, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] a tree or rock in the middle of a stream to which a boat is fastened, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
6) [v.s. ...] n. the act of tearing asunder etc., [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
7) [v.s. ...] hewing down, wasting (of a forest), [Inscriptions]
8) [v.s. ...] opening wide (the mouth), [Śaṃkarācārya]
9) [v.s. ...] repelling, rejecting, [Kathāsaritsāgara]
10) [v.s. ...] killing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) [v.s. ...] = viḍamba or bana, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) [v.s. ...] n. (also) f(ā). war, battle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vidāraṇa (विदारण):—[vi-dāraṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Tearing; paining; killing. n. f. War, battle. m. A tree, Pterospermum acerifolium.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Vidāraṇa (विदारण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Viāraṇa, Vidālaṇa, Veālaṇa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) Vidaraṇa (विदरण):—(nm) splitting, bursting, cleavage, cracking; hence ~[rita] (a).
2) Vidāraṇa (विदारण) [Also spelled vidaran]:—(nm) laceration, rending, tearing, ripping open, splitting; hence ~[raka] (nm); ~[rita] (a).
3) Vidāranā (विदारना):—(v) to rend, to tear, to split.
Vidāraṇa (ವಿದಾರಣ):—[adjective] = ವಿದಾರಕ [vidaraka]1.
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1) [noun] = ವಿದಾರಕ [vidaraka]2 - 1 & 2.
2) [noun] the act of splitting.
3) [noun] a break in the skin; a wound.
4) [noun] the act of inflicting affliction, agony, distress, etc. on.
5) [noun] the act of killing.
6) [noun] a conflict carried on by force of arms, as between nations or between parties within a nation; a war.
7) [noun] the plant Nerium indicum of Apocynaceae family.
8) [noun] (jain.) a postponing or not doing something which was ought to be done, as from lethargy or doing something to highlight another’s fault or sin.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Vidaranamgey, Vidarananarasimha, Vidarananrisimha.
Ends with: Anikavidarana, Antavidarana, Girividarana, Krakacavidarana, Madhyavidarana, Marmavidarana, Nagavidarana, Pravidarana, Shravanavidarana, Vajravidarana.
Full-text (+2): Anikavidarana, Pravidarana, Vealana, Vidarya, Madhyavidarana, Vidalana, Marmavidarana, Shravanavidarana, Vidaraniya, Saptaparvata, Vidaran, Vidarananrisimha, Vidarananarasimha, Vidaranem, Viarana, Vidara, Darana, Samparayika, Vimarda, Stoka.
Search found 5 books and stories containing Vidarana, Vidāraṇa, Vidaraṇa, Vi-darana, Vi-daraṇa, Vi-dāraṇa, Vidāranā; (plurals include: Vidaranas, Vidāraṇas, Vidaraṇas, daranas, daraṇas, dāraṇas, Vidāranās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verses 5.24.33-34 < [Chapter 24 - The Killing of the Kola Demon]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.130 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CCLXIII < [Draupadi-harana Parva]
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 6.5 - Subdivisions of influx of ‘sāmparāyika’ karmas < [Chapter 6 - Influx of Karmas]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 58 - Attainment of Salvation by Divodāsa < [Section 2 - Uttarārdha]