Vidarana, Vidāraṇa: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Vidarana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vidaran.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Vidāraṇa (विदारण) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Vidāraṇanṛsiṃha or Vidāraṇanarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vidāraṇa (विदारण):—Cracks

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vidaraṇa (विदरण, “opening”) (Daraṇa) refers to several types of mokṣa (“termination”) of solar and lunar eclipses, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the lunar eclipse should commence at the eastern point and terminate at the western point of the disc, the termination is known as jaraṇa (decaying): mankind will be afflicted with hunger and with wars: where then will they go for protection? If the middle of the eclipsed disc should first begin to clear, the termination is known as madhyavidaraṇa (central opening): there will be anger at heart and prosperity over the land but not much rain. If the edge should first begin to clear all round, while there is darkness in the centre, the termination is known as antavidaraṇa (terminal opening): Madhyadeśa or Central Provinces will suffer, and the crops of Śarat will be injured”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vidarana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vidāraṇa (विदारण) refers to “(that which) removes” (all obstacles), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.51 (“The resuscitation of Kāma”).—Accordingly, after the Gods spoke to Kāma: “[...] Coming back to His apartment, Śiva saluted the sages, Viṣṇu and me according to the worldly convention. He was duly saluted by the gods and others. Shouts of ‘Victory’ and ‘Obeisance’ rose up along with the sound of Vedic mantras which were auspicious and which removed (vidāraṇa) all obstacles. Then Viṣṇu, I (Indra), gods, sages, Siddhas, secondary gods and the Nāgas eulogised Him severally”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Vidāraṇa (विदारण) refers to the “one who splits (Nāgas)”, [as taught by the Bhagavān in the ‘great heart called the Garuḍa-flame’], according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Vidāraṇa (विदारण) refers to “proclaiming other’s sins” and is one of the twenty-four activities (kriyā) of sāmparāyika (transmigression-extending influx). Sāmparāyika is one two types of āsrava (influx) which represents the flow of karma particles towards the soul, which is due to the three activities: manoyoga ( activities of mind), kāyayoga ( activities of body) and vacanayoga (activities of speech).

Kriyā (‘activities’, such as vidāraṇa) is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidarana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vidāraṇa : (nt.) rending; splitting.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vidāraṇa, (nt.) (fr. vidāreti) splitting, rending Dhtp 247 (in explanation of dar), 381 (do of bhid). (Page 621)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vidāraṇa (विदारण).—n (S) vidāraṇā f (S) Tearing, ripping, rending. 2 Splitting, severing, cleaving, dividing by violence. 3 (Esp. in poetry.) Killing, slaughtering, massacring. 4 fig. Ripping or tearing up; disclosing and exposing (faults or foibles): also dissecting or opening up (an occult subject).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vidāraṇa (विदारण).—n-ṇā f Tearing; splitting. Killing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidāraṇa (विदारण).—1 A tree or rock in the middle of a stream (to which a boat is fastened).

2) War, battle.

3) The Karṇikāra tree.

-ṇā War, battle.

-ṇam 1 Rending, splitting, tearing, ripping up, breaking, (often with the force of an adj. at the end of comp.); श्रुतं सखे श्रवणविदारणं वचः (śrutaṃ sakhe śravaṇavidāraṇaṃ vacaḥ) Mu.5.6; युवजनहृदयविदारणमनसिज- नखरुचिकिंशुकजाले (yuvajanahṛdayavidāraṇamanasija- nakharucikiṃśukajāle) Gītagovinda 1; Kirātārjunīya 14.54.

2) Afflicting, tormenting.

3) Killing, slaughter.

Derivable forms: vidāraṇaḥ (विदारणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidāraṇa (विदारण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Tearing, breaking, splitting, severing, dividing. 2. Paining, afficting. 3. Killing, slaughter. mf.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā) War, battle. m.

(-ṇaḥ) A tree, (Pterospermum acerifolium.) E. vi before, dṛ to tear, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidāraṇa (विदारण).—i. e. vi-dṛ10 + ana, I. m. The name of a tree. Ii. n. 1. Tearing, breaking, [Pañcatantra] i. e. 418. 2. Killing. 3. Afflicting. Iii. n., and f. ṇā, War, battle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidaraṇa (विदरण).—[neuter] bursting, splitting.

--- OR ---

Vidāraṇa (विदारण).—[adjective] ([feminine] ī) & [neuter] tearing or breaking asunder, splitting, piercing, crushing, wounding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidaraṇa (विदरण):—[=vi-daraṇa] [from vi-dara > vi-dṝ] n. tearing asunder, reading, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] = vidradhi, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Vidāraṇa (विदारण):—[=vi-dāraṇa] [from vi-dāra > vi-dṝ] mf(ī)n. tearing or rending asunder, breaking, splitting, cleaving, piercing, crushing, lacerating, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. Pterospermum Acerifolium, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a tree or rock in the middle of a stream to which a boat is fastened, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) [v.s. ...] n. the act of tearing asunder etc., [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] hewing down, wasting (of a forest), [Inscriptions]

8) [v.s. ...] opening wide (the mouth), [Śaṃkarācārya]

9) [v.s. ...] repelling, rejecting, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

10) [v.s. ...] killing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] = viḍamba or bana, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] n. (also) f(ā). war, battle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidāraṇa (विदारण):—[vi-dāraṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Tearing; paining; killing. n. f. War, battle. m. A tree, Pterospermum acerifolium.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vidāraṇa (विदारण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Viāraṇa, Vidālaṇa, Veālaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vidarana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidarana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Vidaraṇa (विदरण):—(nm) splitting, bursting, cleavage, cracking; hence ~[rita] (a).

2) Vidāraṇa (विदारण) [Also spelled vidaran]:—(nm) laceration, rending, tearing, ripping open, splitting; hence ~[raka] (nm); ~[rita] (a).

3) Vidāranā (विदारना):—(v) to rend, to tear, to split.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vidāraṇa (ವಿದಾರಣ):—[adjective] = ವಿದಾರಕ [vidaraka]1.

--- OR ---

Vidāraṇa (ವಿದಾರಣ):—

1) [noun] = ವಿದಾರಕ [vidaraka]2 - 1 & 2.

2) [noun] the act of splitting.

3) [noun] a break in the skin; a wound.

4) [noun] the act of inflicting affliction, agony, distress, etc. on.

5) [noun] the act of killing.

6) [noun] a conflict carried on by force of arms, as between nations or between parties within a nation; a war.

7) [noun] the plant Nerium indicum of Apocynaceae family.

8) [noun] (jain.) a postponing or not doing something which was ought to be done, as from lethargy or doing something to highlight another’s fault or sin.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidarana in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Vidāraṇa (विदारण):—n. 1. war; fight; battle; 2. splitting; rending; tearing; 3. afflicting; tormenting; 4. killing; murder; slaughter;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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