Vidambana, Viḍambana, Viḍambanā: 14 definitions


Vidambana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vidamban.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vidambana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Viḍambana (विडम्बन) refers to “imitating (the worldly conventions)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.29 (“Śivā-Śiva dialogue”).—Accordingly, after Pārvatī spoke to Śiva: “After saying these words to the great lord, Pārvatī stopped and bowed to Him frequently with shoulders stooping and palms joined in reverence. Thus addressed by her, Śiva of the noble soul, just to follow and imitate the worldly conventions (loka-viḍambana) thought that it should be so. Being desirous of doing so he rejoiced. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidambana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viḍambana (विडंबन).—n or viḍambanā f S Mocking, ridiculing, deriding. 2 Imitating; assuming the appearance, form, or character of. 3 Supernatural assumption of a form.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

viḍambana (विडंबन).—n-f Mocking; imitating.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidambana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viḍambana (विडम्बन) or Viḍambanā (विडम्बना).—

1) Imitation; न वेद कश्चिद् भगवंश्चिकीर्षितं तवेहमानस्य नृणां विडम्बनम् (na veda kaścid bhagavaṃścikīrṣitaṃ tavehamānasya nṛṇāṃ viḍambanam) Bhāgavata 1.8.29.

2) Disguise, imposture.

3) Deception, fraud.

4) Vexation, mortification.

5) Paining, distressing.

6) Disappointing.

7) Ridiculousness, mockery, a matter for laughter; इयं च तेऽन्या पुरतो विडम्बना (iyaṃ ca te'nyā purato viḍambanā) Kumārasambhava 5.7; असति त्वयि वारुणीमदः प्रमदाना- मधुना विडम्बना (asati tvayi vāruṇīmadaḥ pramadānā- madhunā viḍambanā) 4.12.

Derivable forms: viḍambanam (विडम्बनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viḍambana (विडम्बन).—nf.

(-naṃ-nā) 1. Afflicting, distressing. 2. Vexation, mortification. 3. Frustrating, rendering vain. 4. Imitation, copying, especially assuming a similar appearance or dress, disguise, masquerade. 5. Deception, fraud. 6. Ridiculousness. 7. The supernatural assumption of a borrowed form, transformation. E. vi before, ḍavi to heap, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viḍambana (विडम्बन).—[vi-ḍamb + ana], I. n. 1. Imitation, copying, disguise, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 23; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 207. 2. The supernatural assumption of a borrowed form. 3. Afflicting, distressing. 4. Frustrating. 5. Vexation, [Hitopadeśa] 99, 18; mortification, Brahmav. 2, 79. Ii. f. . 1. Deceiving, fraud, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 9; breach of faith, [Pañcatantra] 125, 25. 2. Pain, distress, [Pañcatantra] 220, 14; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viḍambana (विडम्बन).—[adjective] the same; [neuter] & [feminine] ā imitating, aping; abuse, mockery, derision, profanation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viḍambana (विडम्बन):—[=vi-ḍambana] [from vi-ḍamb] mfn. imitating, representing, acting like, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] n. and f(ā). imitation, copying, representing, playing the part of any one, imposture, disguise ([especially] applied to a god assuming human form), [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa] ([accusative] with √kṛ, to imitate, copy, represent)

3) [v.s. ...] n. derision, ridiculousness, mockery, scoff, scorn, vexation, mortification, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. ([accusative] with √kṛ, to mock, deride)

4) [v.s. ...] disgrace, degradation profanation, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] abuse, misusage, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

6) [v.s. ...] disappointing, frustrating, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viḍambana (विडम्बन):—[vi-ḍambana] (naṃ-nā) 1. n. f. Afflicting; vexation; counterfeit; assuming a form.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Viḍambana (विडम्बन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Viḍaṃbaṇa, Viḍaṃbaṇā, Vilaṃbaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vidambana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidambana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Viḍaṃbana (विडंबन) [Also spelled vidamban]:—(nm) mimicry; -[kāvya] a parody.

2) Viḍaṃbanā (विडंबना):—(nf) anomaly; mockery; hence [viḍaṃbanīya] (a); [viḍaṃbita] (a).

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidambana in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Viḍaṃbaṇa (विडंबण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Viḍambana.

2) Viḍaṃbaṇā (विडंबणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Viḍambanā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidambana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viḍaṃbana (ವಿಡಂಬನ):—[adjective] deserving of contempt or scorn; worthless; despicable; contemptible.

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Viḍaṃbana (ವಿಡಂಬನ):—[noun] = ವಿಡಂಬನೆ [vidambane].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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