Vidala, Viḍāla: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Vidala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vidala (विदल) is another name (synonym) for Karbudāra, which is the Sanskrit word for Bauhinia variegata (orchid tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Viḍāla (विडाल) or Viḍālājñā refers to “one who has cats’ eyes (ājñā)”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be red-eyed, have honey-colored eyes or cats’ eyes (viḍāla-ājña). He should not be greedy, a have inflammation of the neck glands, or inclined to hypocritical behavior. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., viḍāla-ājña), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., viḍāla-ājña) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Viḍāla (विडाल) refers to “cats”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Saturn should just precede that of Venus, the Mlecchas, cats [i.e., viḍāla], elephants, asses, buffaloes, black grains, hogs, Pulindas (barbarians), the Śūdras and travellers in the south will suffer by diseases of the eye and by windy disorders. If the course of Mars should just precede that of Venus, mankind will suffer from fire, from weapons, from hunger, from drought and from thieves; all the creatures and objects of the north will suffer and the sky will be filled with fire, lightning and dust”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viḍāla (विडाल).—m or viḍālaka n m S A male cat or a cat without reference to sex.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viḍāla (विडाल).—See बिडाल, बिडालक (biḍāla, biḍālaka).

See also (synonyms): viḍālaka.

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Vidala (विदल).—a.

1) Split, rent asunder.

2) Opened, blown (as a flower &c.).

-laḥ 1 Dividing, separating.

2) Rending, splitting.

3) A cake.

4) Mountain ebony.

-lam 1 A basket of split bamboos or any vessel of wicker-work; cf. Y.1.182.

2) The bark of pomegranate.

3) A twig; शिफाविदलरज्ज्वाद्यैर्विदध्यान्नृपतिर्दमम् (śiphāvidalarajjvādyairvidadhyānnṛpatirdamam) Manusmṛti 9. 23.

4) The chips of a substance.

5) Split peas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viḍāla (विडाल).—m.

(-laḥ) 1. cat. 2. The eye-ball. E. viḍ to divide, to tear, (rats,) Unadi aff. kālan; also with kan added, viḍālaka, and la being changed to ra, viḍāraka .

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Vidala (विदल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Opened, expanded, blown, (as a flower, &c.) 2. Rent, split. n.

(-laṃ) 1. A shallow basket made of split bamboos, a vessel of wicker work. 2. Split peas. 3. Pomegranate bark. 4. The cuttings or chips of any substance, that which has been pared or split. m.

(-laḥ) 1. Dividing, separating. 2. A cake. 3. Mountainebony, (Bauhinia variegata, &c.) E. vi before, dala tearing, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viḍāla (विडाल).—m. 1. A cat, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 53, 57; [Hitopadeśa] 58, 7. 2. The eyeball.

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Vidala (विदल).—i. e. vi-dala and vi -dal + a, I. adj. 1. Opened, blown (as a flower). 2. Rent. Ii. m. 1. Dividing, separating. 2. A cake. 3. Mountain ebony, Bauhinia variegata. Iii. n. 1. The cuttings or cips of any substance, a twig, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 230. 2. Split peas, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 79, 15. 3. Pomegranate bark. 4. A basket made of split bambus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidala (विदल).—[adjective] split, burst, blossomed; [neuter] chip, splint, [especially] a split bamboo cane or a split pea.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidala (विदल):—[=vi-dala] [from vi] 1. vi-dala mfn. (for 2. See vi-√dal) leafless, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) [=vi-dala] [from vi-dal] 2. vi-dala mf(ā)n. (cf. bidala; for 1. See p. 950, col. 3) rent asunder, split, [Gṛhyāsaṃgraha]

3) [v.s. ...] expanded, blown, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

4) [v.s. ...] m. rending, dividing, separating, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] sweetmeats, a cake, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Bauhinia Variegata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Vidalā (विदला):—[=vi-dalā] [from vi-dala > vi-dal] f. Ipomoea Turpethum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Vidala (विदल):—[=vi-dala] [from vi-dal] n. anything split or pared, a chip, piece, fragment, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa; Suśruta] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] split bamboo, a cane, [Manu-smṛti ix, 230]

10) [v.s. ...] wicker-work, [Yājñavalkya i, 85]

11) [v.s. ...] a split pea, [Suśruta]

12) [v.s. ...] pomegranate bark, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viḍāla (विडाल):—(laḥ) 1. m. Idem; the eye-ball.

2) Vidala (विदल):—[vi-dala] (laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. n. A shallow basket made of split bambus; split peas; pomegrante bark; chips. m. A dividing; a cake; mountain ebony. a. Burst open, split.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vidala (विदल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vidala.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vidala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Viḍāla (विडाल) [Also spelled vidal]:—(nm) a he-cat; hence ~[] (nf); ~[lākṣa/lākṣī] cat-eyed.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Vidala (विदल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vidala.

2) Vidala (विदल) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dvidala.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vidala (ವಿದಲ):—

1) [adjective] split into two parts.

2) [adjective] (said of flowers) blown; expanded.

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Vidala (ವಿದಲ):—

1) [noun] the act of splitting.

2) [noun] one of the parts so split.

3) [noun] a basket made of split bamboos.

4) [noun] a seed of a dicotyledon that splits into two leaves; a dicotyledon seed.

5) [noun] the act, process or an instance of preventing, warding off or being prevented or warded off.

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Vidaḷa (ವಿದಳ):—[adjective] = ವಿದಲ [vidala]1.

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Vidaḷa (ವಿದಳ):—[noun] = ವಿದಲ [vidala]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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