Viccheda: 19 definitions


Viccheda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vichchheda.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Viccheda (द्रुत, “separation”) refers to “division during a pause” and represents one of six “elements of diction” (aṅga). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19, these six elements of diction are part of the ‘vocal representation’ (vācika), which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Viccheda refers to ‘separating due to pause’. Viccheda can be used in the Comic, the Erotic, the Heroic, the Furious, the Marvellous, the Odious and the Terrible Sentiment.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Viccheda (विच्छेद).—(l) breach or break (in the Samhitapatha); utterance of words separately by breaking their coalescence; cf. पदविच्छेदः असंहितः (padavicchedaḥ asaṃhitaḥ) V. Pr.I.156; (2) doubling of a consonant technically called यम (yama); cf. अन्तःपदे अपञ्चमः पञ्चमेषु विच्छेदम् (antaḥpade apañcamaḥ pañcameṣu vicchedam) V.Pr. IV.163.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Viccheda (विच्छेद) refers to “(being) separated (from the subject)” according to the Utpaladeva’s Vivṛti on Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā 1.5.8-9.—Accordingly, “[...] And insofar as this [inference] produces the realization of this object—[which only] exists inside [consciousness at the time when we infer]—thanks to the residual trace of the [past] experience, [and insofar as it produces this realization] as is appropriate [for an object, i.e.] in the form “this”, it only manifests [this object] as being separated (viccheda) [from the subject, the latter being expressed as “I”]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Viccheda in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Viccheda (विच्छेद) refers to the “separation (of a copulated pair)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.1 (“The dalliance of Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Lord Viṣṇu said to Brahmā: “[...] If the enjoyment is desired by Śiva who can check it? When another thousand years are completed He will desist from it, out of his own will. If any one separates (viccheda) the copulated pair by a tricky expedient, he will have the pangs of separation from his wife and sons in every birth. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Viccheda (विच्छेद) refers to the “cessation” (of the acquisition of karmic material) (of an ascetic), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That, which is the cessation of the acquisition (ādāna-viccheda) of karmic material of an ascetic, is declared by those whose sins are removed by meditation to be the physical stopping of the influx of karma. That which is evidently cessation of action causing the cycle of rebirth is to be considered as the mental stopping of the influx of karma by those who know about that from the most excellent scripture”.

Synonyms: Vinaṣṭa, Vigama, Nāśa, Vilaya.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Viccheda in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

viccheda : (m.) interruption; cutting off.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Viccheda, (vi+cheda) cutting off, destruction J. IV, 284 (santati°). a° uninterruptedness VvA. 16. (Page 616)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vicchēda (विच्छेद).—m S Division, disjunction, separation; act of dividing or divided state. 2 Shivering, shattering, smashing: also shivered or shattered state.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vicchēda (विच्छेद).—m Division, separation; shattering.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viccheda (विच्छेद).—

1) Cutting asunder, cutting, dividing, separation; किं वा भणामि विच्छेददारुणायासकारिणि (kiṃ vā bhaṇāmi vicchedadāruṇāyāsakāriṇi) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 6.11.

2) Breaking; विच्छेदः सहृदययेव हारयष्ट्या (vicchedaḥ sahṛdayayeva hārayaṣṭyā) Śiśupālavadha 8.51.

3) Break, interruption, cessation, discontinuance; विच्छेदमाप भुवि यस्तु कथाप्रबन्धः (vicchedamāpa bhuvi yastu kathāprabandhaḥ) K.; पिण्डविच्छेददर्शिनः (piṇḍavicchedadarśinaḥ) R.1.66.

4) Removal, prohibition.

5) Dissension.

6) A section, or division of a book.

7) Interval, space.

8) Interruption in family succession, failure of issue.

9) Distinction, difference, variety.

Derivable forms: vicchedaḥ (विच्छेदः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viccheda (विच्छेद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Separation, disjunction, removal. 2. Prohibition. prevention. 3. Dividing, cutting. 4. The division of a book, a section. 5. Space, interval. 6. Dissension, difference. 7. Interruption. 8. Termination. 9. Removal. E. vi before, chid to cut, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viccheda (विच्छेद).—i. e. vi-cid + a, m. 1. Cutting. 2. Dividing, breaking, [Kirātārjunīya] 7, 16. 3. Separation, interruption, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 60, 5. 4. A section, a chapter. 5. Interval. 6. Dissension.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viccheda (विच्छेद).—[masculine] piercing, tearing or breaking asunder, severing from ([genetive] or —°); interruption, hindrance, prevention, destruction; division, difference.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viccheda (विच्छेद):—[=vi-ccheda] [from vi-cchid] m. cutting asunder, cleaving, piercing, breaking, division, separation, [Kāvya literature; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] interruption, discontinuance, cessation, end, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] removal, destruction, [Rājataraṅgiṇī; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) injury to, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

5) [v.s. ...] distinction, difference (ifc. also ‘variety’ id est. different kinds of), [Mahābhārata; Śaṃkarācārya; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

6) [v.s. ...] division of a book, section, chapter, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] space, interval, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] caesura, pause in a verse, [Piṅgala Scholiast, i.e. halāyudha [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viccheda (विच्छेद):—(daḥ) 1. m. Cutting asunder; disjunction; prevention; division; difference; interstice.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Viccheda (विच्छेद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vicchea.

[Sanskrit to German]

Viccheda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Viccheda in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Viccheda (विच्छेद) [Also spelled vichchhed]:—(nm) dissection; division; difference; disintegration, separation; discontinuance; breach; breaking up; hence ~[ka] (nm); ~[na] (nm); ~[nīya] (a); [vicchedya] (a).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vicchēda (ವಿಚ್ಛೇದ):—

1) [noun] the act of cutting, severing.

2) [noun] the act or an instance of abandoning (something).

3) [noun] a division of a book, treatise; a chapter.

4) [noun] a period of time between two points of time, events, etc.; intervening period; interval.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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