Vetasa; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vetasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Vetasa (वेतस) is a Sanskrit word referring to Salix caprea (goat willow), a plant species in the Salicaceae family. Certain plant parts of Vetasa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.106), goat willow (vetasa) has 7 synonyms: Nicula, Vañjula, Dīrghapatraka, Kalana, Mañjarīnamra, Suṣeṇa and Gandhapuṣpaka.

Properties: Vetasa is pungent and sweet. It is cooling and alleviates the effects of bad spirits. It vitiates pitta and is appetizer. It is very good digestive stimulant. It cures the diseases due to rakta-pitta and kuṣṭha (leprosy and allied skin diseases).

Botanical description: Vetasa is a medium sized tree, growing 10-30 ft. in height. It is found in Kashmir, Persia, Iran and the North-West Frontier Provinces. The plant grows near water and its yellowish red flowered, drooping infloresence presents a beautful look to the river banks.

2) Vetasa (वेतस) is a Sanskrit word referring to the Calamus viminalis (rattan cane), a palm tree from the Arecaceae family of flowering plants. The word is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. It is a climbing palm with pale yellow fruits (about 0.5 cm across) resembling small, pointed cones, arranged in a raceme. These are known commonly known as “canella berries”. The Sanskrit word Vetasa is derived from Veta or Vetra, meaning “cane” or “reed”. In a different context, Vetasa can mean “ a lancet shaped like the ratan-leaf”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Varahamihira says that if one sees a Vetasa (Calamus viminalis) plant in a waterlass tract, one can find water by digging the ground at a distance of 3 cubits to the west of it, half a purusa (about 3 1/2, feet) below the earth. Soil conditions are influenced by climatic factors which in their turn have reference to planetary radiations. Therefore when wells are dug under favourable planetary conditions, a plentiful supply of water is expected without much expense.

Source: Google Books: Muhurtha: (Electional Astrology)
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Vetasa (वेतस) is the name of the water plant Calamus Rotang, or a similar reed, in the Rigveda1 and later. It is called ‘golden’ (hiraṇyaya) and ‘water-born’ (apsuja).

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

1) Vetasa (वेतस) is the name of the caitya-tree under which the parents of Nemi are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to the Śvetāmbara tradition. According to the Digambara tradition the tree is known as Meṣaśṛṅga. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.

Nemi is the twenty-second of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Samudravijaya and his mother is Śivādevī, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

2) Vetasa (वेतस) refers to the caityavṛkṣa (sacred-tree) associated with the Udadhi or Udadhikumāra class of the bhavanavāsin species of Devas (gods), according to Jain cosmology. They are defined according to the cosmological texts, such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition, or the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vetasa in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vetasa : (m.) the rattan reed.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vetasa, (Vedic vetasa) the ratan reed, Calamus rotang J. V, 167; SnA 451. (Page 647)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vētasa (वेतस).—m S A ratan, Calamus rotang or verus.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vetasa (वेतस).—[aj-asun tukca vībhāvaḥ Uṇ.3.118]

1) The ratan, reed, cane; यद्वेतसः कुब्जलीलां विडम्बयति स किमात्मनः प्रभावेण ननु नदीवेगस्य (yadvetasaḥ kubjalīlāṃ viḍambayati sa kimātmanaḥ prabhāveṇa nanu nadīvegasya) Ś.2; अविलम्बितमेधि वेतसस्तरुवन्माधव मा स्म भज्यथाः (avilambitamedhi vetasastaruvanmādhava mā sma bhajyathāḥ) Śi.16.53; R.9.75.

2) The citron.

3) Name of Agni.

-amlaḥ Rumex Vesicarius (Mar. cukā).

Derivable forms: vetasaḥ (वेतसः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 24 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vetasavritti
Vetasavṛtti (वेतसवृत्ति).—a. pliant like a reed.Vetasavṛtti is a Sanskrit compound consisting o...
Vetasapatra
Vetasapatra (वेतसपत्र).—a lancet; also वेतसम् (vetasam); Śuśr. Derivable forms: vetasapatram (व...
Vetasagriha
Vetasagṛha (वेतसगृह).—an arbour formed of reeds. Derivable forms: vetasagṛham (वेतसगृहम्).Vetas...
Ambuvetasa
Ambuvetasa (अम्बुवेतस).—a kind of cane or reed growing in water. (Mar. lavhāḷā). Derivable form...
Vetasapatraka
Vetasapatraka (वेतसपत्रक) refers to a weapon (a lancet shaped like a pointed leaf of the cane)....
Vetasavana
Vetasavana (वेतसवन).—An ancient holy place. The goddess Mṛtyu once did penance in this place. (...
Vanjula
Vañjula (वञ्जुल) is the name of a tree (Vetasa) that is associated with the Nakṣatra (celestial...
Sushena
Suṣena (सुषेन) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as m...
Kalana
Kalana (कलन).—a. (at the end of comp.) Causing, effecting.-naḥ A sort of cane.-nam 1 A spot, ma...
Amla
Amla (अम्ल, “sour”) refers to one of the five types of Rasa (taste) which represents ...
Manjarinamra
Mañjarinamra (मञ्जरिनम्र) or Mañjarīnamra (मञ्जरीनम्र).—the plant called वेतस (vetasa).Derivabl...
Nicula
nicūḷa (निचूळ).—m W (nicula S) The Jack tree or its fruit.
Dirghapatraka
Dīrghapatraka (दीर्घपत्रक).—1) sugar-cane. 2) a kind of garlic. Derivable forms: dīrghapatrakaḥ...
Veta
Vĕṭa.—(IE 8-4), same as vĕṇṭhĕ, etc. Note: vĕṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary...
Pancavalkala
Pañcavalkala (पञ्चवल्कल).—a collection of the barks of five kinds of trees; namely न्यग्रोध, उद...

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