Vepacitti Sutta, Khanti Sutta, Khanti-sutta: 2 definitions



Vepacitti Sutta means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vepacitti Sutta in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

An Asura chieftain, who was present with Namuci (Mara) at the preaching of the Mahasamaya Sutta (D.ii.259). It is said that among the Asuras, Vepacitti, Rahu and Paharada were the chiefs. E.g., AA.ii.758, Vepacitti being the highest (sabbajetthaka, SA.i.263).

Vepacitti was the friend of Rahu, and when Rahu seized Candima and Suriya and these invoked the power of the Buddha, it was to Vepacitti that Rahu fled for comfort (S.i.50, 51). The Asuras being once defeated in a fight with the Devas, the latter took Vepacitti prisoner, and brought him, bound hand and foot, to Sakka in the Sudhamma hall. There Vepacitti reviled and railed at Sakka with scurrilous words, both on entering and on leaving the hall, but Sakka remained silent, and, when questioned by Matali, said it was not proper for him to bandy words with a fool. S.i.221f.; cf. S.iv.201, according to which his bondage caused him no inconvenience so long as he remained with the devas, but the moment he experienced the wish to rejoin the Asuras, he felt himself bound. Vepacittis capture is referred to in Thag.vs.749.

On another occasion Vepacitti suggested that victory should be given to him or to Sakka, according to their excellence in speech. Sakka agreed to this, and Vepacitti, as the older god, was asked to speak a verse. Sakka spoke another, the Devas applauding. Several verses were spoken by each, and both Devas and Asuras decided in favour of Sakka, because Vepacittis verses belonged, they said, to the sphere of violence, while those of Sakka belonged to one of concord and harmony (S.i.222f). Once, when Sakka was revolving in his mind the thought that he should not betray even his enemy, Vepacitti read his thoughts and came up to him. Stop, said Sakka, thou art my prisoner; but Vepacitti reminded him of his thought, and was allowed to go free (S.i.225).

Buddhaghosa says (SA.i.266) that Vepacittis original name was Sambara (q.v.). When Sambara refused to give to the seers, who visited him, a pledge that the Asuras would not harm them, the seers cursed him, and from that time onwards he slept badly and was plagued by nightmares. This so deranged his mind (cittam vepati) that he came to be called Vepacitti (Crazy nerve). When Vepacitti lay ill of this disease, Sakka visited him and offered to cure him if he would teach him Sambaras magic art. Vepacitti consulted the Asuras, and, as they were unwilling, he refused Sakkas offer, warning him that Sambara, having practised magic, was suffering in purgatory and that he should avoid a similar fate (S.i.238f).

Buddhaghosa explains that, if Vepacitti had taught him the art, it was Sakkas intention to take Vepacitti to the seers and persuade them to forgive him (SA.i.272). This episode seems to contradict Buddhaghosas previous statement that Sambara and Vepacitti were identical. Perhaps, as Mrs.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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