Veni, Veṇi, Veṇī, Venī: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Veni means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Veṇī (वेणी).—Name of a river originating from Sahya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Veṇī (वेणी).—A nāga (serpent) born in the family of Kaurava. This serpent fell in the sacrificial fire of the serpent sacrifice of Janamejaya, and was burnt to death. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 57, Stanza 12).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Veṇī (वेणी).—A river in Bhāratavarṣa, from the Vindhyas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 18; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 33.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Veṇī (वेणी) is another name for Jīmūtaka, a medicinal plant identified with Luffa echinata (bitter sponge gourd or bitter luffa) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.58-60 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Veṇī and Jīmūtaka, there are a total of nineteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A she jackal, wife of Putimamsa. See the Putimamsa Jataka.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Veṇī.—(IA 17), a stream or river. Note: veṇī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

veṇī : (f.) braid of hair.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Veṇi, (f.) (cp. Sk. veṇi) a braid of hair, plaited hair, hair twisted into a single braid A. III, 295; Vin. II, 266 (dussa°); Th. 2, 255; Vv 384 (=kesa-veṇi C.). fig. of a “string” of people D. I, 239 (andha°). —°kata plaited, having the hair plaited J. II, 185; V, 431. (Page 647)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vēṇī (वेणी).—f (S) A braid (as of the hair of a woman's head): any braid or complication of a few single threads. v ghāla.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vēṇī (वेणी).—f A braid. vēṇīphaṇī f Combing and braiding the hair.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Veṇi (वेणि) or Veṇī (वेणी).—f. [veṇ-in-vā ṅīp Uṇ.4.18]

1) Braided hair, a braid of hair; तरङ्गिणी वेणिरिवायता भुवः (taraṅgiṇī veṇirivāyatā bhuvaḥ) Śi.12.75; Me. 18.

2) Hair twisted into a single unornamented braid and allowed to fall on the back (said to be worn by wom en whose husbands are absent from them); वनान्निवृत्तेन रघूत्तमेन मुक्ता स्वयं वेणिरिवावभासे (vanānnivṛttena raghūttamena muktā svayaṃ veṇirivāvabhāse) R.14.12; अबलावेणिमोक्षोत्सुकानि (abalāveṇimokṣotsukāni) Me.11; Ku.2.61.

3) Continuous flow, current, stream; जलवेणिरम्यां रेवां यदि प्रेक्षितुमस्ति कामः (jalaveṇiramyāṃ revāṃ yadi prekṣitumasti kāmaḥ) R.6.43; Me. 2; प्रवृत्तबाष्पवेणिकं चक्षुः प्रमृज्य (pravṛttabāṣpaveṇikaṃ cakṣuḥ pramṛjya) K.; cf. the word त्रिवेणि (triveṇi) also.

4) The confluence of two or more rivers.

5) The confluence of the Ganges, Yamunā and Sarasvatī.

6) Name of a river.

7) The property re-united after it has been before divided.

8) A cascade.

9) A dam, bridge.

1) A ewe.

Derivable forms: veṇiḥ (वेणिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Veṇi (वेणि).—f. (-ṇiḥ-ṇī) Unornamented and braided hair; the hair as worn especially by widows and woman whose husbands are absent, when it is simply collected from the forehead and temples as well as the back of the head, and twisted together into a single braid, which is when suffered to fall like a tail down the back, no sort of ornament being worn on the head; the term is also applied generally to any braid of hair, or to a braid of the long hair, of which many are made, and the whole are then twisted together, and worn as a sort of rose or flower at the back of the head. f.

(-ṇiḥ) 1. Assemblage of water, as the conflux of rivers, &c., in that case it rather implies their parallel course, ending in a common point of union; as at Allahabad, where the Ganga, Yamuna, and as is supposed, the Saraswati, all coming from the north, unite; this and other similar places, thence receive the name of Triveni. 2. Weaving. f. (-ṇī) 1. Stream, current. 2. A ewe. 3. A sort of grass, (Andropogon serratum.) E. to go, Unadi aff. ni, and in some cases ṅīp added; or veṇa-in .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Veṇi (वेणि).—veṇī [I.] and veṇī (vb. ), 1. Weaving. 2. Unornamented and braided hair, as worn by widows and women whose husbands are absent, viz. twisted together in a single braid, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 97 (ṇi); 18 (ṇī). 3. A braid of hair in general, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 449 (as royal ornament?). 4. Assemblage of water, as the conflux of rivers. Ii. veṇī veṇī, f. 1. An ewe. 2. Stream.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Veṇi (वेणि).—[feminine] a braid of hair, hair twisted into a single braid (cf. ekaveṇi).

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Veṇī (वेणी).—[feminine] a braid of hair, hair twisted into a single braid (cf. ekaveṇi).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Veṇī (वेणी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] Bik. 492.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Veṇi (वेणि):—f. ([from] √1. ve) weaving, braiding, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) braided hair or a braid of hair, hair twisted into a single unornamented braid and allowed to fall on the back (so worn by widows and women who mourn for absent husbands cf. eka-veṇi; the water of a river is often compared to such a braid, but in these meanings the form veṇī is more common See below), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) the confluence or meeting of two or more rivers or streams in a common point of union (as at Prayāga or Allāhābād cf. triv), [Horace H. Wilson]

4) property re-united after it has been before divided, [Vasiṣṭha]

5) a cascade, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Veṇī (वेणी):—[from veṇi] f. = veṇi, a braid of hair etc., [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] a stream, current, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] an abridgement of the title veṇī-saṃhāra (See below), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] Lipeocercis Serrata, [Caraka]

10) [v.s. ...] a dam, bridge, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a ewe, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Harivaṃśa]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of [work] [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Veṇi (वेणि):—[ṇī (ṇiḥ-ṇī) f.] Unornamented hair gathered into one loose braid behind. f. Stream; ewe; sort of grape. (ṇiḥ) Conflux of waters.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Veṇi (वेणि):—( [Uṇādisūtra.4,48.] f. [Siddhāntakaumudī 248,a,9]) und veṇī (von 5. ) f.

1) Haarflechte, insbes. das in einen einzigen Zopf zusammengeflochtene Haar der Weiber (gewöhnlich ein Zeichen der Trauer) [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 49.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 570.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 154. fg.] [Medinīkoṣa ṇ. 28.] [Halāyudha 2, 375.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 7, 3, 26.] na proṣite tu saṃskuryānna veṇīṃ ca pramocayediti hārītaḥ [Scholiast] in der ed. Calc. des [Raghuvaṃśa 14, 12.] tasyā dīrghaveṇī susaṃyatā . dadṛśe svasitā snigdhā kālī vyālīva mūrdhani .. [Mahābhārata 3, 16190.] dīrghāṃ veṇīṃ vidhunvānaḥ (Arjuna als Eunuch oder Zwitter) [4, 1261. 2150.] [Meghadūta 18.] [Spr. (II) 112.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 1.] [NALOD. 3, 27.] nīlanāgābhayā veṇyā jaghanaṃ gatayaikayā [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 18, 11.] tasyāḥ suvipulā dīrghā dṛśyate veṇī vyālīva parivartinī [26, 2.] veṇyāṃ grathitamuttamaṃ maṇiratnam [36, 73. 68, 30.] gumphitā śirasi veṇayaḥ [Śiśupālavadha 14, 30.] veṇīkṛtaśiras [Mahābhārata 4, 54.] veṇīvikṛtakeśānta [575.fg.] ūrdhvaveṇīdharā [9, 2652.] veṇībhūtāṃśca mūrdhajān [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 23, 24. 4, 28, 44.] mūla [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 51, 40.] śastreṇa veṇīvinigūhitena [?78, 1 (Kullūka zu Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 153).] veṇyāṃ śastraṃ samādhāya [KĀM. NĪTIS. 7, 54.] veṇībandhakapardinī (pārvatī) [Sāhityadarpana 54, 1.] vimucya veṇīm [Mahābhārata 4, 301.] mokṣyadhve svargabandīnāṃ veṇībandhān so v. a. von der Trauer erlösen [Raghuvaṃśa 10, 48.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 2, 61.] [Meghadūta 97.] tasyāḥ puraḥ (Stadt) — muktā svayaṃ veṇirivābabhāse [Raghuvaṃśa 14, 12.] ekaveṇīdharā (vgl. u. ekaveṇi) [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 18, 21.] ekaveṇīdharā ceyaṃ vasudhā tvāṃ pratīkṣate [Harivaṃśa 5399.] ekaveṇīdharatva [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 22, 8.] ekanibaddhaveṇī adj. [Harivaṃśa 7042.] das Wasser eines Flusses mit einem Zopfe verglichen: veṇībhūtapratanusalilā sindhuḥ [Meghadūta 30.] jalaveṇiramyāṃ (veṇi = pravāha Schol. in der ed. Calc.) revām [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 43.] prayāge gaṅgāyamunāsarasvatīmelanaṃ triveṇī [Śabdakalpadruma] daher veṇī = pravāha [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1087.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Halāyudha 3, 47.] veṇi = jalasamūha [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma] das Schwert (kṛpaṇa) als Zopf der rājaśrī [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 449.] —

2) veṇī abgekürzt für veṇīsaṃhāra [Sāhityadarpana 132, 13. 144, 16.] —

3) veṇī Lipeocercis serrata Trin. (devatāḍa) [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 49.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

4) veṇī Damm, Brücke [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] —

5) veṇī Nomen proprium eines Flusses [Medinīkoṣa] [Harivaṃśa 9510] nach der Lesart der neueren Ausg. [Kathāsaritsāgara 49, 177.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 19, 18.] sarvāścaiva tathābhīrā veṇyāstīranivāsinaḥ [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 58,22.] [Oxforder Handschriften 16,b,16.] —

6) veṇi = vāṇi das Weben [COLEBR.] und [Loiseleur Deslongchamps] zu [Amarakoṣa 2, 10, 29.] — Vgl. eka, ku, tri, padya, puṣpa, pra, āveṇikaṃ .

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Veṇī (वेणी):—f.

1) = veṇi; s. das. —

2) Schafmutter [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1277.] —

3) [Mahābhārata 15, 630] fehlerhaft für veṇu, wie die ed. Bomb. liest.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Veṇī (वेणी):—(nf) a braid of hair or braided hair.

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