Veni, aka: Veṇi, Veṇī, Venī; 12 Definition(s)


Veni means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Veṇī (वेणी).—Name of a river originating from Sahya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Veṇī (वेणी).—A nāga (serpent) born in the family of Kaurava. This serpent fell in the sacrificial fire of the serpent sacrifice of Janamejaya, and was burnt to death. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 57, Stanza 12).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Veṇī (वेणी).—A river in Bhāratavarṣa, from the Vindhyas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 18; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 33.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Veṇī (वेणी) is another name for Jīmūtaka, a medicinal plant identified with Luffa echinata (bitter sponge gourd or bitter luffa) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.58-60 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Veṇī and Jīmūtaka, there are a total of nineteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A she jackal, wife of Putimamsa. See the Putimamsa Jataka.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Veṇī.—(IA 17), a stream or river. Note: veṇī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

veṇī : (f.) braid of hair.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Veṇi, (f.) (cp. Sk. veṇi) a braid of hair, plaited hair, hair twisted into a single braid A. III, 295; Vin. II, 266 (dussa°); Th. 2, 255; Vv 384 (=kesa-veṇi C.). fig. of a “string” of people D. I, 239 (andha°). —°kata plaited, having the hair plaited J. II, 185; V, 431. (Page 647)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vēṇī (वेणी).—f (S) A braid (as of the hair of a woman's head): any braid or complication of a few single threads. v ghāla.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vēṇī (वेणी).—f A braid. vēṇīphaṇī f Combing and braiding the hair.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Veṇi (वेणि) or Veṇī (वेणी).—f. [veṇ-in-vā ṅīp Uṇ.4.18]

1) Braided hair, a braid of hair; तरङ्गिणी वेणिरिवायता भुवः (taraṅgiṇī veṇirivāyatā bhuvaḥ) Śi.12.75; Me. 18.

2) Hair twisted into a single unornamented braid and allowed to fall on the back (said to be worn by wom en whose husbands are absent from them); वनान्निवृत्तेन रघूत्तमेन मुक्ता स्वयं वेणिरिवावभासे (vanānnivṛttena raghūttamena muktā svayaṃ veṇirivāvabhāse) R.14.12; अबलावेणिमोक्षोत्सुकानि (abalāveṇimokṣotsukāni) Me.11; Ku.2.61.

3) Continuous flow, current, stream; जलवेणिरम्यां रेवां यदि प्रेक्षितुमस्ति कामः (jalaveṇiramyāṃ revāṃ yadi prekṣitumasti kāmaḥ) R.6.43; Me. 2; प्रवृत्तबाष्पवेणिकं चक्षुः प्रमृज्य (pravṛttabāṣpaveṇikaṃ cakṣuḥ pramṛjya) K.; cf. the word त्रिवेणि (triveṇi) also.

4) The confluence of two or more rivers.

5) The confluence of the Ganges, Yamunā and Sarasvatī.

6) Name of a river.

7) The property re-united after it has been before divided.

8) A cascade.

9) A dam, bridge.

1) A ewe.

Derivable forms: veṇiḥ (वेणिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Veṇi (वेणि).—f. (-ṇiḥ-ṇī) Unornamented and braided hair; the hair as worn especially by widows and woman whose husbands are absent, when it is simply collected from the forehead and temples as well as the back of the head, and twisted together into a single braid, which is when suffered to fall like a tail down the back, no sort of ornament being worn on the head; the term is also applied generally to any braid of hair, or to a braid of the long hair, of which many are made, and the whole are then twisted together, and worn as a sort of rose or flower at the back of the head. f.

(-ṇiḥ) 1. Assemblage of water, as the conflux of rivers, &c., in that case it rather implies their parallel course, ending in a common point of union; as at Allahabad, where the Ganga, Yamuna, and as is supposed, the Saraswati, all coming from the north, unite; this and other similar places, thence receive the name of Triveni. 2. Weaving. f. (-ṇī) 1. Stream, current. 2. A ewe. 3. A sort of grass, (Andropogon serratum.) E. to go, Unadi aff. ni, and in some cases ṅīp added; or veṇa-in .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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