Vedaka: 11 definitions


Vedaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Vedaka (वेदक) refers to a “patient” [?], according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[Digression on a case brought against the Buddha; B. The defense].—[8. Simultaneous Teaching of the Self and the Non-self].—In some places the Buddha says that the ātman exists and in other places he says that it does not exist.—[...] Furthermore, if a person is about to fall into the view of nihilism (uccheda-dṛṣṭi), the Buddha says to him: ‘There is an ātman which, in future existences, undergoes [the retribution] of its wrongdoings (āpatti) and its merits (puṇya)’. On the other hand, if a person is about to fall into the view of eternalism (śāśvatadṛṣṭi), the Buddha says to him: ‘There is neither an ātman, nor someone who acts (kāraka) nor a patient (?) (vedaka), and there is no autonomous dharma (svatantra) existing separate from what are called the five aggregates (pañcaskandha)’. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Vedaka (वेदक, “feeling”) or Vedya refers to one of the five classes of Saṃyagdarśana (“right-belief”), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:—

“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. Attachment to the principles told by the scriptures is called ‘right-belief’ (saṃyakśraddhāna or saṃyagdarśana), and is produced by intuition or instruction of a Guru. [...] It is five-fold. Of these, the right-belief of one who has ascended the kṣapakaśreṇi, destruction of the worst type of passions having taken place, complete perishing of wrong-belief and mixed belief having taken place, who is approaching kṣāyika-right-belief, who is enjoying the last particle of (kṣayopaśamika)-right-belief, is called vedaka (vedya). [...]”.—[Note: Kṣapakaśreṇi must refer the ladder for destruction of darśana-mohanīyakarma—not caritramohanīya].

Note: Some authors omit vedaka. It is the summit of kṣayopaśamika and the foundation of kṣayika. It lasts only 1 samaya, and a Jīva possesses it only once. Its name is derived from the fact that in it one experiences the matter of right-belief. It belongs to Guṇasthānas 4-7.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vedaka : (m.) one who feels or suffers.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vedaka, (adj.) (fr. veda 3) knowing or studying the Vedas SnA 462 (brāhmaṇa). (Page 647)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vēḍakā (वेडका).—a Crazy, cracked.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vedaka (वेदक).—

1) Announcing, proclaiming.

2) Restoring to consciousness.

Derivable forms: vedakam (वेदकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vedaka (वेदक).—adj. (f. °ikā) and subst. m., (1) (compare Pali id., [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]; but the real Pali corresp. is vedagū, see below), one who knows, full of knowledge, learned, wise (epithet of Buddha or an arhat or monk): kiṃprāptinam āhu vedako ti Mahāvastu iii.397.12, and (vedāni vicārya…) sarvavedanām atītya vedako ti 20, = Pali Sn 528 (vedaguṃ, acc. sg.) and 529 (sabbaṃ vedam aticca vedagū so); Pali vedagū = one that attains (true, supreme) knowledge; on the forms compare Mahāvastu iii.401.2 antako si duḥkhasya pārago si dharmāṇāṃ with Pali Sn 539 antagū si pāragū si dukkhassa; further, (snātako) snātakaparivāro vedako °ka-parivāro Mahāvastu iii.407.11; (śramaṇo pi) tvaṃ brāhmaṇo pi tvaṃ vedako pi tvaṃ tārako pi tvaṃ pārago pi tvaṃ 423.14; (2) (con- nected with vedanā etc.) one who experiences, feels (the results of action): °kaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 421; 4679; na ca kārako 'sti tatha naiva ca vedako 'sti Lalitavistara 419.11 (verse), there is no actor, and no experiencer either (= normal Sanskrit bhoktar, contrast- ing with kartar); kāraka-vedaka-virahita Daśabhūmikasūtra 49.6; karaka-(q.v.)-vedaka-vītivṛttāḥ Lalitavistara 340.4 (verse); kāṅkṣā hi yā syād iha vā pṛthag vā ihavedikā vā paravedikā vā Udānavarga xxix.6, desire (? doubt)…whether relating to experience (lit. experiencing) in this life or in the beyond; the verse is not complete and has not been found in Pali; meaning not wholly clear; vedako vedanād (q.v.) anyaḥ pṛthagbhūto na vidyate Śikṣāsamuccaya 233.11 (verse); vedakaḥ vedaka iti vyavahri- yate sa ca…nopalabhyate Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 120.19 (prec. by same [Page508-b+ 71] formula with kārāpakaḥ, and followed by same with vedayitṛko vedayitṛka, q.v., iti…).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vedaka (वेदक):—[from veda] mf(ikā)n. making known, announcing, proclaiming, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

2) [v.s. ...] restoring to consciousness, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

3) Vedakā (वेदका):—[from vedaka > veda] f. Name of an Apsaras, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vedaka (वेदक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Veaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vedaka in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vēdaka (ವೇದಕ):—[adjective] giving, imparting knowledge.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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