Vayasavidya, Vāyasavidyā, Vayasa-vidya: 6 definitions



Vayasavidya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Vayasavidya in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Vāyasavidyā (वायसविद्या) refers to the “knowledge of birds” and is the name of the nineteenth chapter of the Gārgīyajyotiṣa. It is similar to the 95th chapter of Vārahamihira’s work known as the Bṛhatsaṃhitā. The Gārgīyajyotiṣa is one of the most comprehensive of Garga’s texts and written in the form of a dialogue between Krauṣṭuki (Ṛṣiputra) and Garga discussing astral and other omens, comprising a total of sixty-two chapters (viz., vāyasa-vidyā), known as aṅgas and summarized in the Aṅgasamuddiśa (“enumeration of the divisions”, introductory portion).

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vāyasavidyā (वायसविद्या) or simply Vāyasa refers to the “prediction of events (from the cawing of crows)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “A true Astrologer is also one who has thoroughly mastered the Science of Saṃhitā. [...] It treats of indradhvaja, of the rainbow and of architecture; of the prediction of events from casual words and gestures and from the cawing of crows [i.e., vāyasavidyā]; of the formation of zodiacal circles for purposes of horary astrology. It treats of the prediction of future events from phenomena connected with the deer, the dog and the motions of the wind; of the construction of temples, towers and palaces; of the casting of images and of founding the same; of the growth of plants and trees; of under currents; of certain annual ceremonies to be performed by princes for success in war. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vayasavidya in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vāyasavidyā (वायसविद्या).—The art of making the crow tell the past and foretell the future. (For further details see under Kālakavṛkṣika).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vayasavidya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vāyasavidyā (वायसविद्या).—the science of (augury from observing) crows; Bṛ. S.

Vāyasavidyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vāyasa and vidyā (विद्या).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vāyasavidyā (वायसविद्या):—[=vāyasa-vidyā] [from vāyasa] f. ‘the science of (augury from observing) crows’, Name of a [chapter] of [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vayasavidya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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