Vatarakta, Vātarakta, Vata-rakta: 7 definitions

Introduction

Vatarakta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vatarakta in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Vātarakta (वातरक्त) refers to “gout” (Arthritis: joint inflammation caused by uric acid crystal deposits in the joint space). Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Vātarakta (वातरक्त) refers to “gout” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning vātarakta] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vatarakta in Hinduism glossary
Source: ASL- Musculoskeletal Diseases: Rheumatoid arthritis

Vātarakta is caused by diet and habits that vitiate rakta and vāta. A process of vidāha (akin to inflammation) that happens in the blood due to faulty diet coupled with bad lifestyle is the underlying pathology in Vātarakta. The Caraka Saṃhitā mentions explicitly that Vātarakta first affects the joints of the hands and feet, especially the joints of the fingers, and then later affects the other joints. Vāgbhaṭa and Mādhava point out that it predominantly affects the feet and sometimes the hands and spreads to other joints slowly, just like rat poison. The commentators mention that the allusion to rat's poison is to point out the slow progress of the disease, although it is difficult to comprehend what is meant by rat's poison here. It is interesting to note that Caraka mentions the hands first, whereas Vāgbhaṭa and Mādhava point out that the joints of the feet are affected first.

Another important feature in the onset of Vātarakta is repeated flare ups and remissions for some time before the disease establishes. The descriptions of Vātarakta indicate that joints of both legs and both hands get affected simultaneously. This seems to point to the symmetrical involvement of the joints.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vatarakta in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vātarakta (वातरक्त).—n S Acute rheumatism or gout. 2 Better known as the malady raktapitī or mahāvyādhi Black leprosy.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vātarakta (वातरक्त).—n Scurvy.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vatarakta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vātarakta (वातरक्त).—acute gout; कृत्स्नं रक्तं विदहत्याशु तच्च, दुष्टं स्रस्तं पादयोश्चीयते तु । तत्संपृक्तं वायुना दूषितेन तत्प्राबल्यादुच्यते वातरक्तम् (kṛtsnaṃ raktaṃ vidahatyāśu tacca, duṣṭaṃ srastaṃ pādayoścīyate tu | tatsaṃpṛktaṃ vāyunā dūṣitena tatprābalyāducyate vātaraktam) ||.

Derivable forms: vātaraktam (वातरक्तम्).

Vātarakta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vāta and rakta (रक्त). See also (synonyms): vātaśoṇita.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vātarakta (वातरक्त).—n.

(-ktaṃ) Acute gout or rheumatism. E. vāta wind, and rakta blood; ascribed to a vitiated state of the blood and the aerial humour.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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