Vastumandala, Vāstumaṇḍala, Vastu-mandala: 3 definitions


Vastumandala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous next»] — Vastumandala in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Google Books: The Hindu Temple, Volume 1

Vāstumaṇḍala (वास्तुमण्डल):—In the Vāstuvidhāna (X.1-6) it is stated that the Vāstumaṇḍala in which is situated the body of the Vāstupuruṣa should consist of 81 squares. This is corroborated, for instance, in the Prayogapārijāta (Vāstuhoma, 1-3). There the Vāstu of 64 squares is prescribed for the rites of initiation (dīkṣā), the installation of images (pratiṣṭha), and for sacrificial offerings (yāga) whrereas it is said that the maṇḍala of Vāstu has 81 squares.

Source: Ancient Indian Wisdom: Vāstu-puruṣa-maṇḍala

Maṇdala, here, denotes the meaning ‘plan’. The size of the Vāstumaṇḍala is of no matter. It is coterminous with the building site, or with the extent of the Prāsāda Maṇḍala denotes any closed polygon. The form of Vāstu-puruṣa-maṇḍala is square. This is essential form. It can be converted into triangle, hexagon, octagon and circle of equal area and retain its symbolism ( Bṛhatsaṃhita, 52.56), but the prescribed shape is square.

According to Kramrisch (P.22), the Vāstu-puruṣa-maṇḍala is the plan of all architectural form of the Hindus. The site plan, the ground plan, the horizontal plan and vertical sections are regulated by its norm. Vāstumaṇḍala is laid out by the subdivision of the total square; from the Centre of the square towards its perimeter.

The two generally accepted Vāstu-maṇḍalas are of 64 and 81 squares. Also ‘Bṛhat Saṃhitā’ does not treat of any other plan besides those of 64 and 81 squares. The `Hayaśirṣapañcarātra’ (8.150) lays down that the above said two diagrams are used for the construction of shrines, and of houses respectively.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

Discover the meaning of vastumandala in the context of Vastushastra from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Vastumandala in Hinduism glossary
Source: AIKTC: Journal of the Bombay branch of the Royal Asiatic Society - Volume 79

Vāstumaṇḍala (वास्तुमण्डल):—After the selection of the land for house building the plot of land is to be divided into 81 squares by drawing ten lines from east to west, and others from north to south. Inside the diagram, 13 deities are situated and 32 in the outer compartments. Thus there are 45 deities in this diagram.

India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: Vernacular architecture of Assam with special reference to Brahmaputra Valley

Vastu-mandala is an Assamese term referring to “metaphysical plan of building”.—It appears in the study dealing with the vernacular architecture (local building construction) of Assam whose rich tradition is backed by the numerous communities and traditional cultures.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of vastumandala in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

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