Vastumandala, aka: Vāstumaṇḍala, Vastu-mandala; 3 Definition(s)
Vastumandala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vāstumaṇḍala (वास्तुमण्डल):—In the Vāstuvidhāna (X.1-6) it is stated that the Vāstumaṇḍala in which is situated the body of the Vāstupuruṣa should consist of 81 squares. This is corroborated, for instance, in the Prayogapārijāta (Vāstuhoma, 1-3). There the Vāstu of 64 squares is prescribed for the rites of initiation (dīkṣā), the installation of images (pratiṣṭha), and for sacrificial offerings (yāga) whrereas it is said that the maṇḍala of Vāstu has 81 squares.Source: Google Books: The Hindu Temple, Volume 1
Maṇdala, here, denotes the meaning ‘plan’. The size of the Vāstumaṇḍala is of no matter. It is coterminous with the building site, or with the extent of the Prāsāda Maṇḍala denotes any closed polygon. The form of Vāstu-puruṣa-maṇḍala is square. This is essential form. It can be converted into triangle, hexagon, octagon and circle of equal area and retain its symbolism ( Bṛhatsaṃhita, 52.56), but the prescribed shape is square.
According to Kramrisch (P.22), the Vāstu-puruṣa-maṇḍala is the plan of all architectural form of the Hindus. The site plan, the ground plan, the horizontal plan and vertical sections are regulated by its norm. Vāstumaṇḍala is laid out by the subdivision of the total square; from the Centre of the square towards its perimeter.
The two generally accepted Vāstu-maṇḍalas are of 64 and 81 squares. Also ‘Bṛhat Saṃhitā’ does not treat of any other plan besides those of 64 and 81 squares. The `Hayaśirṣapañcarātra’ (8.150) lays down that the above said two diagrams are used for the construction of shrines, and of houses respectively.Source: Ancient Indian Wisdom: Vāstu-puruṣa-maṇḍala
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Vāstumaṇḍala (वास्तुमण्डल):—After the selection of the land for house building the plot of land is to be divided into 81 squares by drawing ten lines from east to west, and others from north to south. Inside the diagram, 13 deities are situated and 32 in the outer compartments. Thus there are 45 deities in this diagram.Source: AIKTC: Journal of the Bombay branch of the Royal Asiatic Society - Volume 79
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