Varddhaka, Vārddhaka: 9 definitions


Varddhaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Varddhaka in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vārddhaka (वार्द्धक) refers to the “stage of old age”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.6. Accordingly, as Śiva said to Sandhyā:—“[...] O gentle lady Sandhyā, whatever you have asked I grant you entirely. I am delighted by this excellent penance of yours. (In all living beings) the first stage shall be infancy, the second childhood, the third youth and the fourth stage shall be old age (vārddhaka)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Varddhaka in Jainism glossary
Source: Google Books: Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation

Vārddhaka (वार्द्धक, “architect”).—One of the fourteen gems (ratna) serving the Cakravartin;—The vārddhaka is the architect who is entrusted with the building of houses, palaces and cities.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Varddhaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vārddhaka (वार्द्धक).—[vṛddhānāṃ samūhaḥ tasya bhāvaḥ karma vā vuñ]

1) Old age; किमित्यपास्याभरणानि यौवने धृतं त्वया वार्द्धकशोभि वल्कलम् (kimityapāsyābharaṇāni yauvane dhṛtaṃ tvayā vārddhakaśobhi valkalam) Kumārasambhava 5. 44; R.1.8; N.1.77.

2) The infirmity of old age.

3) A collection of old men.

Derivable forms: vārddhakam (वार्द्धकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varddhaka (वर्द्धक) or Vardhaka.—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Increasing, causing to grow or increase. 2. Dividing. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A plant, commonly Bamanhati. 2. A carpenter. E. vṛdh to grow, or varddh to divide, aff. ṇvul .

--- OR ---

Vārddhaka (वार्द्धक).—n.

(-kaṃ) 1. A number of old men. 2. Old age. 3. The infirmity, &c. of old age. E. vṛddha old, vuñ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vārddhaka (वार्द्धक).—i. e. vṛddha + ka + a, n. 1. A multitude of old men. 2. Old age, [Pañcatantra] 95, 16 (read vārdhakabhāve, but cf. also my transl. n. 466). 3. Infirmity of old age.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vārddhaka (वार्द्धक).—[masculine] old man; [neuter] old age.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vārddhaka (वार्द्धक):—[from vārddha] m. an old man, [Naiṣadha-carita]

2) [v.s. ...] n. old age, senility, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (kaṃ-√dhā, to grow old)

3) [v.s. ...] the infirmity or imbecility of old age, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a multitude of old men, [Patañjali on Pāṇini 4-2, 39.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Varddhaka (वर्द्धक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A plant. a. Increasing.

2) Vārddhaka (वार्द्धक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. A number of old men; old age; its infirmities.

[Sanskrit to German]

Varddhaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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