Varanga, Varāṅga, Vara-anga, Varamga: 15 definitions


Varanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Varāṅga (वराङ्ग) is a Sanskrit word referring to “Cassia”, a tree from the Lauraceae family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name of the plant is Cinnamomum cassia and is commonly known in English as “Chinese cassia”, “Chinese cinnamon” or simply “Cassia”. It has long been used as a tradition medicine to cure remedies such as chronic stress-induced behaviors.

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Varāṅga (वराङ्ग) (lit. “one who has excellent body parts”) is a synonym (another name) for the Elephant (Gaja), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Varāṅga (वराङ्ग) (Cf. Varāṅgaka) refers to “one having good limbs”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.5.—Accordingly, after Goddess Śivā (i.e., Umā/Durgā) granted a boon to Menā:—“[...] O celestial sage, when Indra, the slayer of Vṛtra, became angry and began to chop off the wings of mountains, [Maināka] retained his wings, nay, he did not even feel the pain of being wounded by the thunderbolt. He had good limbs [i.e., varāṅgaka]. He had neat strength and prowess. He was the most important of all the mountains born of him. He too became the lord of mountains. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Varāṅga (वराङ्ग).—A son of Manivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 161.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

varaṅga (वरंग).—m A tree, Kydia Calycina. Grah.

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vāraṅga (वारंग).—m C (vara & āṅga) The narrow and tapering portion of a bill, sickle, knife &c. upon which the haft is fixed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vāraṅga (वारङ्ग).—[vṝ-aṅgac ṇit Uṇādi-sūtra 1.114]

1) The handle of a sword, knife &c.

2) The narrow end to which the handle is fastened.

Derivable forms: vāraṅgaḥ (वारङ्गः).

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Varāṅga (वराङ्ग).—a. having an excellent form. (-ṅgaḥ) 1 an elephant.

2) Name of Viṣṇu.

3) Name of Cupid.

4) a Nakṣatra year consisting of 324 days.

-ṅgī turmeric. (-ṅgam) 1 the head; वराङ्गानि महार्हाणि धनुषा शातयामि वः (varāṅgāni mahārhāṇi dhanuṣā śātayāmi vaḥ) Rām.1.66.1; वराङ्गमुर्व्यामपतच्चमूमुखे (varāṅgamurvyāmapataccamūmukhe) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8.91.53.

Varāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vara and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Varāṅga (वराङ्ग).—adj. (Sanskrit vara-aṅga; in Sanskrit recorded as [bahuvrīhi] only in a gloss in Amarakośa; not noted Pali or Prakrit, but see below), lit. having excellent (bodily) members; so Tibetan yan lag mchog, on Lalitavistara and Mahāvyutpatti: epithet of heroic sons,…śūrāṇāṃ vīrāṇāṃ °ga-rūpiṇāṃ parasainyapra- mardakānāṃ Mahāvastu i.49.5; 193.18; ii.158.17 and Lalitavistara 18.6; of the four divisions of an army, rājā caturaṅgād bala- kāyād vara-varāṅgān hastino 'śvān rathān manuṣyāṃś ca vahaneṣv āropya Tāmradvīpaṃ saṃprasthitaḥ Divyāvadāna 527.27, the king loaded on boats the severally (i.e. in each department; vara-va°) best-membered elephants, horses, chariots, and men from his four-membered army, and…; varāṅga-balam Mahāvyutpatti 8211, strength of a varāṅga. Acc. to [Boehtlingk] 7.372, the meaning would be elephant (so Sanskrit Lex.) in Mahāvyutpatti and Divyāvadāna (so also Index to Divyāvadāna). But the word in Divyāvadāna clearly applies to all four regular divisions of an Indian army, specifically named here; if it meant elephant it would duplicate hastino. And in Mahāvyutpatti it is placed between mahānagna- and praskandi-balam (see these words), and separated from prākṛtahasti and gandhahasti-b° in 8208—9. In MPS 31.21 a varāṅga's power rates very high, just below that of an ardha-nārāyaṇa, above that of a mahānagna and praskandin. [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] s.v. vīra regards this as ‘distorted’ from vīraṅga-as in Pali; on the con- trary, I believe the Pali cliché Dīghanikāya (Pali) i.89.5 etc. is compressed from an original closer to Mahāvastu i.49.5 etc.; it reads puttā …sūrā vīraṅgarūpā parasenappamaddanā (vīraṅga- for [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] vīrā varāṅga-).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varāṅga (वराङ्ग).—n.

(-ṅgaṃ) 1. The head. 2. The privity, a private part, male or female. 3. Cassia bark. 4. An elegant form or body. m.

(-ṅgaḥ) An elephant. E. vara best, excellent, aṅga body or member.

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Vāraṅga (वारङ्ग).—m.

(-ṅgaḥ) The handle of a sword or knife, &c. E. vṛ to select, aff. aṅgac, and the radical vowel changed to the Vrid'dhi form.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vāraṅga (वारङ्ग).—m. The narrow end of a sword, sickle, etc., to which the handle is fastened.

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Varāṅga (वराङ्ग).—I. m. an elephant. Ii. n. 1. an elegant body. 2. the head. 3. pudendum, male or female.

Varāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vara and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varāṅga (वराङ्ग).—[neuter] the best member of the body, i.e. the head.

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Vāraṅga (वारङ्ग).—[masculine] handle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Varāṅga (वराङ्ग):—[from vara] n. ‘best member of the body’, the head, [Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka]

2) [v.s. ...] the female pudenda, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] the principal piece or part, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] an elegant form or body, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. having an excellent form, excellent or beautiful in all parts, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] m. an elephant, [Divyāvadāna]

7) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) a Nakṣatra year consisting of 324 days

8) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] of a king, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

10) [from vara] n. Cassia bark, green cinnamon, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

11) [v.s. ...] sorrel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Vāraṅga (वारङ्ग):—m. the handle of a sword or knife etc., [Suśruta] (cf. [Uṇādi-sūtra 1, 121 [Scholiast or Commentator]])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Varāṅga (वराङ्ग):—[varā+ṅga] (ṅgaṃ) 1. n. The head; privity; elegant form; Cassia bark. m. Elephant.

2) Vāraṅga (वारङ्ग):—(ṅgaḥ) 1. m. The handle of a sword or knife.

[Sanskrit to German]

Varanga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Varāṃga (ವರಾಂಗ):—

1) [noun] the head, considered as the main part of the body.

2) [noun] the external genitals of the female; the vulva.

3) [noun] good and beautiful physique.

4) [noun] a goodlooking, handsome man.

5) [noun] Viṣṇu.

6) [noun] an elephant.

7) [noun] the yellowish-brown spice made from the dried inner bark of the tree Syzigium caryophyllaeum ( = S. aromaticum, = Eugenia corymbosa, = Myrtus caryophyllatus) of Myrtaceae family; cinnamon.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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