Varanga, aka: Varāṅga, Vara-anga; 6 Definition(s)


Varanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Varāṅga (वराङ्ग) is a Sanskrit word referring to “Cassia”, a tree from the Lauraceae family, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name of the plant is Cinnamomum cassia and is commonly known in English as “Chinese cassia”, “Chinese cinnamon” or simply “Cassia”. It has long been used as a tradition medicine to cure remedies such as chronic stress-induced behaviors.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Varanga in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Varāṅga (वराङ्ग).—A son of Manivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 161.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Varanga in Marathi glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

varaṅga (वरंग).—m A tree, Kydia Calycina. Grah.

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vāraṅga (वारंग).—m C (vara & āṅga) The narrow and tapering portion of a bill, sickle, knife &c. upon which the haft is fixed.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vāraṅga (वारङ्ग).—[vṝ-aṅgac ṇit Uṇ.1.114]

1) The handle of a sword, knife &c.

2) The narrow end to which the handle is fastened.

Derivable forms: vāraṅgaḥ (वारङ्गः).

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Varāṅga (वराङ्ग).—a. having an excellent form. (-ṅgaḥ) 1 an elephant.

2) Name of Viṣṇu.

3) Name of Cupid.

4) a Nakṣatra year consisting of 324 days.

-ṅgī turmeric. (-ṅgam) 1 the head; वराङ्गानि महार्हाणि धनुषा शातयामि वः (varāṅgāni mahārhāṇi dhanuṣā śātayāmi vaḥ) Rām.1.66.1; वराङ्गमुर्व्यामपतच्चमूमुखे (varāṅgamurvyāmapataccamūmukhe) Mb.8.91.53.

Varāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vara and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Varāṅga (वराङ्ग).—adj. (Sanskrit vara-aṅga; in Sanskrit recorded as Bhvr. only in a gloss in Amarakośa; not noted Pali or Prakrit, but see below), lit. having excellent (bodily) members; so Tibetan yan lag mchog, on LV and Mvy: ep. of heroic sons,…śūrāṇāṃ vīrāṇāṃ °ga-rūpiṇāṃ parasainyapra- mardakānāṃ Mv i.49.5; 193.18; ii.158.17 and LV 18.6; of the four divisions of an army, rājā caturaṅgād bala- kāyād vara-varāṅgān hastino 'śvān rathān manuṣyāṃś ca vahaneṣv āropya Tāmradvīpaṃ saṃprasthitaḥ Divy 527.27, the king loaded on boats the severally (i.e. in each department; vara-va°) best-membered elephants, horses, chariots, and men from his four-membered army, and…; varāṅga-balam Mvy 8211, strength of a varāṅga. Acc. to pw 7.372, the meaning would be elephant (so Sanskrit Lex.) in Mvy and Divy (so also Index to Divy). But the word in Divy clearly applies to all four regular divisions of an Indian army, specifically named here; if it meant elephant it would duplicate hastino. And in Mvy it is placed between mahānagna- and praskandi-balam (see these words), and separated from prākṛtahasti and gandhahasti-b° in 8208—9. In MPS 31.21 a varāṅga's power rates very high, just below that of an ardha-nārāyaṇa, above that of a mahānagna and praskandin. PTSD s.v. vīra regards this as ‘distorted’ from vīraṅga-as in Pali; on the con- trary, I believe the Pali cliché DN i.89.5 etc. is compressed from an original closer to Mv i.49.5 etc.; it reads puttā …sūrā vīraṅgarūpā parasenappamaddanā (vīraṅga- for BHS vīrā varāṅga-).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 1445 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Aṅga (अङ्ग).—(1) member, part (as in Sanskrit and Pali, where it is recorded as nt. only), m. ...
Vara (वर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Best, excellent. 2. Eldest. m. (-raḥ) 1. A boon, a blessing, e...
Varada (वरद).—mfn. (-daḥ-dā-daṃ) 1. Granting a prayer, conferring a boon. 2. Propitious, favour...
Khaṭvāṅga (खट्वाङ्ग).—m. (-ṅgaḥ) A king of the solar line. n. (-ṅgaṃ) 1. Part of a bed. 2. A. c...
Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग) refers to a category of Apaurūṣeya texts, or “disciplines dealing with knowle...
Pañcāṅga (पञ्चाङ्ग).—mfn. (-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) Having five limbs or members, five parts or subdivis...
Caturaṅga (consisting of) four limbs or divisions, fourfold M. I, 77; J. I, 390; II, 190, 192; ...
Vararuci (वररुचि).—m. (-ciḥ) A poet and philosopher, one of the ornaments of the court of Bhoja...
Upāṅga (उपाङ्ग).—m. (-ṅgaḥ) 1. The sectarial mark made with Sandal, &c. on the forehead. 2....
Svayaṃvara (स्वयंवर) refers to the “celebration of the voluntary wooing”, as mentioned in the Ś...
Ṣaḍaṅga (षडङ्ग) or Ṣaḍaṅgamantra is the name of a mantra that is chanted during Dhārāpūjā, acco...
Aṣṭāṅga (अष्टाङ्ग) refers to “eight limbs”, used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivap...
Varadāna (वरदान).—n. (-naṃ) 1. Granting a boon. 2. A place of pilgrimage. E. vara blessing, dān...
Varāṅganā (वराङ्गना).—f. (-nā) A lovely woman. E. vara best, aṅganā a woman.--- OR --- Vārāṅgan...
Somavāra (सोमवार) refers to “monday”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.14. Accordingly, “it is sa...

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