Varanga, Varāṅga, Vara-anga: 9 definitions

Introduction

Varanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Varāṅga (वराङ्ग) is a Sanskrit word referring to “Cassia”, a tree from the Lauraceae family, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name of the plant is Cinnamomum cassia and is commonly known in English as “Chinese cassia”, “Chinese cinnamon” or simply “Cassia”. It has long been used as a tradition medicine to cure remedies such as chronic stress-induced behaviors.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Varāṅga (वराङ्ग).—A son of Manivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 161.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

varaṅga (वरंग).—m A tree, Kydia Calycina. Grah.

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vāraṅga (वारंग).—m C (vara & āṅga) The narrow and tapering portion of a bill, sickle, knife &c. upon which the haft is fixed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vāraṅga (वारङ्ग).—[vṝ-aṅgac ṇit Uṇ.1.114]

1) The handle of a sword, knife &c.

2) The narrow end to which the handle is fastened.

Derivable forms: vāraṅgaḥ (वारङ्गः).

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Varāṅga (वराङ्ग).—a. having an excellent form. (-ṅgaḥ) 1 an elephant.

2) Name of Viṣṇu.

3) Name of Cupid.

4) a Nakṣatra year consisting of 324 days.

-ṅgī turmeric. (-ṅgam) 1 the head; वराङ्गानि महार्हाणि धनुषा शातयामि वः (varāṅgāni mahārhāṇi dhanuṣā śātayāmi vaḥ) Rām.1.66.1; वराङ्गमुर्व्यामपतच्चमूमुखे (varāṅgamurvyāmapataccamūmukhe) Mb.8.91.53.

Varāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vara and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Varāṅga (वराङ्ग).—adj. (Sanskrit vara-aṅga; in Sanskrit recorded as Bhvr. only in a gloss in Amarakośa; not noted Pali or Prakrit, but see below), lit. having excellent (bodily) members; so Tibetan yan lag mchog, on LV and Mvy: ep. of heroic sons,…śūrāṇāṃ vīrāṇāṃ °ga-rūpiṇāṃ parasainyapra- mardakānāṃ Mv i.49.5; 193.18; ii.158.17 and LV 18.6; of the four divisions of an army, rājā caturaṅgād bala- kāyād vara-varāṅgān hastino 'śvān rathān manuṣyāṃś ca vahaneṣv āropya Tāmradvīpaṃ saṃprasthitaḥ Divy 527.27, the king loaded on boats the severally (i.e. in each department; vara-va°) best-membered elephants, horses, chariots, and men from his four-membered army, and…; varāṅga-balam Mvy 8211, strength of a varāṅga. Acc. to pw 7.372, the meaning would be elephant (so Sanskrit Lex.) in Mvy and Divy (so also Index to Divy). But the word in Divy clearly applies to all four regular divisions of an Indian army, specifically named here; if it meant elephant it would duplicate hastino. And in Mvy it is placed between mahānagna- and praskandi-balam (see these words), and separated from prākṛtahasti and gandhahasti-b° in 8208—9. In MPS 31.21 a varāṅga's power rates very high, just below that of an ardha-nārāyaṇa, above that of a mahānagna and praskandin. PTSD s.v. vīra regards this as ‘distorted’ from vīraṅga-as in Pali; on the con- trary, I believe the Pali cliché DN i.89.5 etc. is compressed from an original closer to Mv i.49.5 etc.; it reads puttā …sūrā vīraṅgarūpā parasenappamaddanā (vīraṅga- for BHS vīrā varāṅga-).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varāṅga (वराङ्ग).—n.

(-ṅgaṃ) 1. The head. 2. The privity, a private part, male or female. 3. Cassia bark. 4. An elegant form or body. m.

(-ṅgaḥ) An elephant. E. vara best, excellent, aṅga body or member.

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Vāraṅga (वारङ्ग).—m.

(-ṅgaḥ) The handle of a sword or knife, &c. E. vṛ to select, aff. aṅgac, and the radical vowel changed to the Vrid'dhi form.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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