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Varṣā, aka: Varsha, Varṣa; 5 Definition(s)


Varṣā means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Varṣā can be transliterated into English as Varsha or Varsa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


1a) Varṣa (वर्ष).—A god of Sutāra group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 89.

1b) The mind-born son of Brahmā in the 16th kalpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 35.

1c) One of the ten branches of Supāra devas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 94.

2) Varṣā (वर्षा).—Of the Dhruva Maṇḍala.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 51. 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Āyurveda (science of life)

1) Varṣā (मध्य, “rainy season”):—One of the six season of the year, comprising the months Śrāvaṇa and Bhādrapada.—This season takes place dusing visarga, when the moon is dominant, and releases nutrient essence to the living being. In these months, Vāyu-doṣa is aggrevated while Pitta-doṣa is accumulated. A skilled physician should moniter these conditions during the treatment of a patient. The Sanskrit word Varṣā is used throughout Āyurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

2) Varṣā (वर्षा) is another name for Bhāraṅgī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Clerodendrum serratum (beetle killer). It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.149-150), which is a  13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Varsha is the Hindu season corresponding to “monsoon” / “rainy season”. The rains or the rainy season is marked by two months called Nabhas and Nabhasya (Shravana and Bhadra). Plants and vegetables (Oshadhis) that grow or sprout during Varsha (the rainy season), are matured in course of time and ripen in their virtues and potency in the season of Hemanta.

Subsequently wind thus accumulated in the summer, is agitated by the rains and cold winds in the forepart of Varsha (Pravrit) when the ground is flooded with water and thus gives rise to diseases which are incidental to a deranged state of the bodily wind. Likewise the features, which specifically mark the different seasons of the year are observed to characterise the different parts of a complete day and night, [or in other words] the evening is marked by those of Varsha (the rainy season).

During Varsha (the rainy season), the rivers overflow their banks, tumbling down the trees which grow on them. Ponds and lakes are decked with the full-blown Kumud and Nilotpala flowers. The earth is covered with profuse vegetation. All distinction between dry lands and reservoirs of water becomes impossible, and the sun and the planets are enveloped in dark clouds that shower torrents of rain but do not roar.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II

about this context:

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Hindu science dealing with subjects such as health, medicine, anatomy, etc. and has been in use throughout India since ancient times.

Kathā (narrative stories)

Varṣa (वर्ष) is the name of one of the two sons of Saṅkarasvāmin, a Brāhman from in the city of Pāṭaliputra. Their story was narrated to Vyāḍi and Indradatta in the tale called ‘the two Brāhman brothers’, according to Kathāsaritsāgara. The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’) is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta’s quest to become the emperor of the Vidhyādharas. The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

about this context:

Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Varṣa (वर्ष) denotes primarily ‘rain’, then ‘rainy season’ and ‘year’.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

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Relevant text

Search found 92 books containing Varṣā, Varsha or Varṣa. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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