Vangala, Vaṅgāla, Vaṅgaḷa, Vaṅgala: 6 definitions


Vangala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vaṅgaḷa can be transliterated into English as Vangala or Vangalia, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: Legacy of Buddhism in Bengal

Vaṅgāla (वङ्गाल) is another name for Vaṅga (viz., Bengal, Gauḍa).—Vaṅga was originally the name of the south-eastern part of the province, but it boundaries were not well defined, and other geographical names such as Samataṭa, Harikela,Vaṅgāla, were used for different parts, if not the whole, of it at different times during the pre-Muslim period. [...] Sources of still earlier periods refer to a tract known as Vaṅgāla. Its existence as a geographical entity can be traced from the 8th century A.D. onwards. But epigraphic and literary references to Vaṅgāla amply bear testimony to its existence territorially distinct from a region called Vaṅga.

The earliest epigraphic reference to Vaṅgāla is found in the Nesari plates of Govinda III, dated 805 A.D. It refers to Dharma (i.e. Dharmapāla) as the king of Vaṅgāla. This particular geographical term is mentioned in the Tirumalai rock inscription of Rajendra Cola and the Goharwa plate of Karṇa, the Cedī king. In the Tirumalai Rock Inscription Vaṅgāladeśa is described as a reign “where the rain never stopped” and is dissociated from Daṇḍabhukti, Uttara-Rāḍha and Dakṣiṇa-Rāḍha. The king of Vaṅgāla-deśa was Govindacandra who can easily be identified with the ruler of that name belonging to the Candra dynasty of East Bengal.

In the Ablur inscription Vaṅga and Vaṅgāla are mentioned separately. That Vaṅgāla was a separate geographical unit, distinct from Harikela, appears to be evident from the Ḍākārṇava which mentions both Vaṅgāla and Harikela. The Hammirakāvya of Nayacandra Suri (15th Century) mentions Vaṅga and Vaṅgāla as separate geographical entities.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vaṅgaḷa (वंगळ).—a (Better ōṅgaḷa from amaṅgala S) Bad, foul, filthy, nasty, offensive, loathsome. Used freely.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vaṅgaḷa (वंगळ).—(Vulgar.) a Foul; loathsome.

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vaṅgāḷa (वंगाळ).—(Vulgar.) a Foul; loathsome.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vaṅgāla (वङ्गाल).—(= Sanskrit and Pali Vaṅga; Prakrit has this form, cited as Baṅgāla in [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo]), Bengal: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 275.14 °lādhipatiḥ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaṅgalā (वङ्गला):—f. (in music) a [particular] Rāgiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Vaṅgāla (वङ्गाल):—[from vaṅgalā] m. Name of a son of the Rāga Bhairava, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Vāṅgāla (वाङ्गाल):—[from vāṅga] m. (in music) a [particular] Rāga, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vangala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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