Vanayatra, Vanayātrā, Vana-yatra: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Vanayatra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Google Books: Consecration Rituals In South Asia

Vanayātrā (वनयात्रा) refers to one of the chapters of the Devyāmata: an Early Śaiva Pratiṣṭhātantra dating back to the 5th century CE dealing with topics related to temple construction, consecration rituals, and iconography.—The Devyāmata is written in the form of a dialogue between Śiva and the Goddess. It begins with the praśnapaṭala, ‘the chapter on questions’, in which Devī tells Śiva what topics she would like to learn about. The answers are provided in the following chapters [e.g., vanayātrā], of which each is dedicated to one specific subject.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Dhiti blog: The Navakalevara Ceremony at Puri

Vanayātrā (वनयात्रा) refers to “forest rites”.—Navakalevara is the name of a festival (symbolizing the cycle of birth, death and re-birth) which is celebrated at Puri: a sacred site home to the eternal abode of Śrī Jagannātha (a form of Śrī Kṛṣṇa).—Jagannātha is made of dāru (wood) because a dāru image cuts up the miseries of the world and imparts eternal bliss. [...] On the 10th day of Caitra, initial rituals mark the beginning of the yātrā for the search for the dārus, including the selection of the Daita chiefs and their presentation with silken cloths, the receiving gifts and blessings from the king, after which the process formally begins. A vanayātrā is undertaken by a party of 21 Daitas and Brahmins, accompanied by conches, trumpets, drums and gongs from Purī to the Maṅgalā Temple in Kākaṭpur village, on the banks of the river Prācī, about 55 km away. The Maṅgalā Devī Temple is surrounded by a dense forest of Nīma trees, the only wood that is employed for the construction of the sacred images.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Vanayātrā (वनयात्रा) refers to “journey of the forest” [?] refers to a section of the Kuladatta’s Kriyāsaṃgrahapañjikā, a text within Tantric Buddhism representing a construction manual for monasteries.—Accordingly, [vanayātrā in chapter 5]—“When the wood [to be used for the construction of a monastery] or the stones [to be used for the construction of a caitya] are brought into the city, [the Ācārya] should send a message [that these materials are being brought into the city] to the king or the citizens. He should make people with joyful minds whose bodies quiver with excitement carry [these materials]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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